Defence was required not only on all entrenched fronts but also at home and sea; both for reasons of reconnaissance and fighting. There were many advances in existing methods of defence, as well as new inventions. We have focused on a few, not only pertinent to engineering but also to the conflict and future warfare.

Paravanes

Paravanes were developed 1914-1916 by Lieutenant Burney and Commander Usborne as a direct result of the War, due to the need to destroy oceanic mines. The paravane would be strung out and streamed alongside a towing ship, normally from the bow. The wings of the paravane would tend to force the body away from the towing ship, placing a lateral tension on the towing wire. If the tow cable snagged the cable anchoring a mine then the anchoring cable would be cut, allowing the mine to float to the surface where it could be destroyed by gunfire. If the anchor cable would not part, the mine and the paravane would be brought together and the mine would explode harmlessly against the paravane. The cable could then be retrieved and a replacement paravane fitted. The method was still in use in the Second World War.

Burney developed explosive paravanes as an anti-submarine weapon or a 'high-speed sweep'. It was a paravane, containing 80 pounds (36kg) of TNT towed by an armoured electric cable. The warhead was fired automatically as soon as the submarine touched the paravane or towing cable, or by hand from the ship's bridge. It could be quickly deployed into the water, could be towed up to 25 knots (29mph), and recovery if unsuccessful was reasonably simple.

Mines were used extensively to defend coastlines, shipping, ports and naval bases across the world. The Germans laid mines in shipping lanes to sink merchant and naval vessels serving the Allies, this meant the destruction of vital supplies such as food as well as the lives of seamen. Indeed, psychologically they were powerful weapons, even if not present they raised the fear that they may be. Technically, mining was limited by treaty to areas within three miles of an enemy’s coastline, so as not to endanger neutral ships. However, both sides quickly came to ignore this agreement, and the North Sea became a place of immense danger. This also impacted the neutral countries of Norway and Sweden, which depended heavily on the North Sea for commerce, as the British North Sea coast and areas around ports in the Low Countries were particularly heavily mined. This meant that ships could not move freely. Methods for clearing were also vital to the Royal Navy whose freedom was being limited; mines severely restricted the free manoeuvring of forces. Paravanes were a new weapon in the battle to secure both military and civilian shipping, part of the reason why small vessels were normally used to drag them was because they were more manoeuvrable than larger boats. As one machine was pitted one against the other it was also a relatively safe way of clearing mines.

Mines were also used by the Allies for example; the Royal Navy and the United States Navy laid a huge minefield from the Orkneys to Norway to combat German submarines: from June to October 1918 almost 70,000 mines were laid spanning the North Sea's northern exits; after the war it took 82 ships five months to clear them.

Hydrogen plant

Hydrogen plant

by User Not Found | 11 Sep, 2014

69 comments

Leave a comment
  1. asd | Jun 20, 2017

    Jindalee Aged Care

    This is why you must move to a home for the elderly where such services are provided. Depending on your needs, there are two distinct packages you can choose from; low-level needs and high level needs care.

  2. asd | Jun 19, 2017

    ateamtuition.com

    Finding your learning style

  3. perniagaan aiskrim | Jun 18, 2017
    I gotta favorite this website it seems very helpful .perniagaan aiskrim
  4. ibadah qurban | Jun 18, 2017
    I found this is an informative and interesting post so i think so it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article.ibadah qurban
  5. melancong | Jun 18, 2017
    I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don't know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.melancong
  6. Vancouver Flower | Jun 18, 2017
    I admire what you have done here. I like the part where you say you are doing this to give back but I would assume by all the comments that this is working for you as well.Vancouver Flower
  7. professional Electrical inspections | Jun 18, 2017
    Thanks a lot for sharing us about this update. Hope you will not get tired on making posts as informative as this.professional Electrical inspections
  8. divorce lawyer | Jun 18, 2017
    This is a good post. This post gives truly quality information. I’m definitely going to look into it. Really very useful tips are provided here. Thank you so much. Keep up the good works.divorce lawyer
  9. gold ira | Jun 18, 2017
    I really impressed after read this because of some quality work and informative thoughts . I just wanna say thanks for the writer and wish you all the best for coming!.gold ira
  10. matick | Jun 13, 2017
    Hi there, I discovered your blog per Google bit searching for such kinda educational advise moreover your inform beholds very remarkable for me. infiniti dealership houston
  11. matick | Jun 13, 2017
    There is so much in this article that I would never have thought of on my own. Your content gives readers things to think about in an interesting way. acura houston
  12. matick | Jun 13, 2017
    For this web site, you will see our account, remember to go through this info. career aptitude test
  13. matick | Jun 13, 2017
    This is important, though it's necessary to help you head over to it weblink: seo company houston
  14. matick | Jun 13, 2017
    I personally use them exclusively high-quality elements : you will notice these folks during: early childhood development stages
  15. panduan ebay | Jun 12, 2017
    As a seller of legal steroids, you can buy Crazy Bulk products, explore stacks and finally get the body you’ve always wantedpanduan ebay
  16. dentist in asheboro nc | Jun 12, 2017
    Wow, happy to see this awesome post. I hope this think help any newbie for their awesome work. By the way thanks for share this awesomeness fromdentist in asheboro nc
  17. chimney cleaning katy | Jun 12, 2017
    I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this..chimney cleaning katy
  18. Massage Therapy Programs | Jun 12, 2017
    I quite like reading an article that can make people think. Also, thanks for allowing for me to comment!Massage Therapy Programs
  19. cari duit | Jun 12, 2017
    I am very enjoyed for this blog. Its an informative topic. It help me very much to solve some problems. Its opportunity are so fantastic and working style so speedy.cari duit
  20. belajar forex | Jun 12, 2017
    I’ve read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to create such a great informative website.belajar forex
  21. sun dash tanning bed | Jun 12, 2017
    Very useful post. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially its discussion. Really its great article. Keep it up.sun dash tanning bed
  22. online online casino | Jun 12, 2017
    This is a fantastic website and I can not recommend you guys enough.I can set up my new idea from this post. It gives in depth information. Thanks for this valuable information for all,..online online casino
  23. tips resume | Jun 12, 2017
    Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work.tips resume
  24. pakej percutian | Jun 12, 2017
    Wonderful illustrated information. I thank you about that. No doubt it will be very useful for my future projects. Would like to see some other posts on the same subject!pakej percutian
  25. jobdirumah | Jun 12, 2017
    I will be interested in more similar topics. i see you got really very useful topics , i will be always checking your blog thanksjobdirumah
  26. pakej percutian | Jun 12, 2017
    I have read your excellent post. This is a great job. I have enjoyed reading your post first time. I want to say thanks for this post. Thank you...pakej percutian
  27. Billy | May 18, 2017

    We will try to solve this problem.

    http://penisenlargementbiblebook.com/

  28. Danie | May 18, 2017

    We will all here to see you. http://getbiggerdicknaturally.com/

  29. matick | May 16, 2017
    I invite you to the page where     see how much we have in common. Accountants Brighton
  30. Carrie | May 15, 2017

    Defending in football for last 2 minutes is very important. http://getbiggerpenisnaturally.com/

  31. Gary | May 13, 2017

    Make a plane which can land on water.

    http://getbiggerdicknaturally.com/

  32. Jess | May 02, 2017
    This great information about the Jet. It will surely help those people are looking for information about planes and stuff. What song is this  Medical billing and coding Salary
  33. naz | Apr 28, 2017
  34. pioneer seo | Apr 24, 2017
    I have perused a couple of the articles on your site now, and I truly like your style. You rock and please keep up the successful work. Laundry Detergent Fundraiser
  35. HD Movies App | Apr 19, 2017
    Watch movies in HD using Movie HD App
  36. Henry | Apr 14, 2017

    We will train our soldiers for the war.

    http://themanifestmiracle.com/

  37. Ferrer | Apr 13, 2017

    You have to see this plan first before choosing any other.

    find">http://newbodydietplan.com/

  38. matick | Apr 11, 2017
    I understand this column. I realize You put a many of struggle to found this story. I admire your process. Preparing Company Accounts
  39. sds | Mar 21, 2017

    justdecks.com.au

    It should create a feeling of warmth and natural charm and make a statement about who you are and how you like to live. It should also add a lot of value to your home.

  40. asd | Mar 13, 2017

    Business News Gold Coast

    Being aware of what your credit score is and the parts of your finances that impact the score is critical. It enables you to know where you stand and address any issues before applying for a new credit card, loan or mortgage.

  41. 2003 pilot car covers | Feb 27, 2017
    Hopefully this will help you get some ideas and inspiration to make it easier for you to let your designer know exactly what kind of pet business logo you want.  2003 pilot car covers
  42. Napoltay | Feb 23, 2017

    http 192.168.l.l

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  43. pioneer seo | Feb 17, 2017
    I am dispatching a site soon, and your information will be unimaginably significant for me.. Appreciative for all your help and wishing every one of you the achievement in your business. solution to hair loss problem
  44. pioneerseo | Feb 15, 2017
    I am continually scanning on the web for articles that can help me. There is clearly a considerable measure to think about this. I think you made some great focuses in Features as well. Continue working, extraordinary employment!drug rehab centers in florida
  45. pioneer seo | Feb 12, 2017
    I'm eager to reveal this page. I have to thank you for ones time for this especially phenomenal read !! I unquestionably truly enjoyed all aspects of it and i likewise have you spared to fav to take a gander at new data in your site. Bill Twyford
  46. pioneer seo | Feb 09, 2017
    Another era of houses, in which a specialist group of engineers, originators and experts have reproduced the great style and climate of times past in the Mediterranean culture. properties in andalucia costa
  47. shahzaib khatri | Feb 01, 2017
    Show him his strengths and weaknesses for letting him know about the real information about his personality. home cleaning new york
  48. pioneer seo | Feb 01, 2017
    We have a well established maid and cleaning service in Brooklyn. With nearly 2.6 million residents, Brooklyn has a huge need for the cleaning services  Cleaner Brooklyn provides,Professionals using the Handy platform are experienced, friendly, background-checked, and insured.
  49. rishika | Jan 31, 2017
  50. ROCKZEN ROCKZEN | Jan 25, 2017
    Your content is nothing short of brilliant in many ways.  I think this is engaging and eye-opening material.  Thank you so much for caring about your content and your readers. http://net-worths.org/net-worth/bobby-boyd-net-worth/

    Leave a comment

    The design drawings show how different forms of the weapon were developed and tested, allowing their suitability for a given situation to be tested: although normally from the bow the drawings also show starboard models.
    Airships

    Whilst the British army had favoured the production of aeroplanes over airships before the war, the threat posed by the use of airships by the Italian and German armies pushed the development of both rigid and non-rigid airships. The German Zeppelin and Schütte-Lanz were causing civilian and infrastructure casualties, bringing the war to mainland UK. They also worked as a remarkably strong propaganda tool and became a symbol of fear. The British needed to catch up; the Germans had invested heavily in training and design development and were far ahead of Britain in capability. The onslaught of German submarines against the Fleet also pushed airship construction along.

    In 1916 Short Brothers were awarded a contract to build two large rigid airships for the Admiralty (airships were originally conceived as naval escorts). Short chose a site at Cardington, about two miles south-east of Bedford. With its existing light engineering industry, potential workforce and gentle prevailing winds Bedford was the ideal location.

    The site covered 1086 acres and the total cost was just under £750,000 with up to 800 men involved in the construction at any one time. The site included three main parts: a shed for erecting and housing airships; workshops for manufacture and assembly of component parts; and a hydrogen generating and storage plant. There was also an alloy plant with rolling mills, foundry and furnaces along with blocks containing offices, canteens and garages. The site also boasted a model village for the workers, Shortstown.  

    The airship shed was built with a steel frame and corrugated iron sheeting and was the largest built in Britain at the time. It measured 700ft long by 235ft wide with a clear span of 180ft and height from floor to ridge of just over 144 ft. Huge windscreens 700ft long and 70ft high were built by the entrances to the shed to protect the airships as they were manoeuvred in and out.

    The first airships to be constructed were reproductions of the wooden girder Schutte-Lanz. However, post-war developments led to the design being superceded and the R-38 was constructed for special operations in the North Sea, capable of an altitude in excess of enemy aircraft. During the war over 225 airships were constructed. In particular, they were an effective submarine deterrent when the Navy performed reconnaissance, patrols, mine-hunting and convoy escorting duties. They were responsible for driving them underwater and out of harm’s way where, previously, they had been free to attack. Only once was a ship sunk by a submarine whilst being protected by an airship. Airships also aided the destruction of U-boats. The impact of this was huge, protected shipping could supply arms and goods both to the military and civilian population.

    Cardington was one of only a few airship sites to produce hydrogen for the ships by the water gas process, whereby steam was reduced to hydrogen by passing it over lumps of spongy iron at a high temperature. The iron oxide then needed to be reduced back to iron using blue water gas. However, as this process had to be continuous and lacked flexibility, and as it also required a large, complex and expensive fixed plant with skilled operators, it was impractical compared to the German system.

    The site was nationalised in April 1919, becoming known as the Royal Airship Works. In the 1920’s the wartime shed was extended and another shed added for construction of the R-101 airship. After the R-101 crashed in October 1930 airship construction was abandoned in Britain.  The sheds have since been used for weather balloons and development of parachutes. Airship design has recently returned to Cardington and the sheds are currently being used to build a hybrid airship, and soon to house the British Airship Museum. Started as an expediency of war, the site became central to British airship design.
    Hydrogen plant

    Hydrogen plant

    by User Not Found | 11 Sep, 2014

    69 comments

    Leave a comment
    1. asd | Jun 20, 2017

      Jindalee Aged Care

      This is why you must move to a home for the elderly where such services are provided. Depending on your needs, there are two distinct packages you can choose from; low-level needs and high level needs care.

    2. asd | Jun 19, 2017

      ateamtuition.com

      Finding your learning style

    3. perniagaan aiskrim | Jun 18, 2017
      I gotta favorite this website it seems very helpful .perniagaan aiskrim
    4. ibadah qurban | Jun 18, 2017
      I found this is an informative and interesting post so i think so it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article.ibadah qurban
    5. melancong | Jun 18, 2017
      I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don't know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.melancong
    6. Vancouver Flower | Jun 18, 2017
      I admire what you have done here. I like the part where you say you are doing this to give back but I would assume by all the comments that this is working for you as well.Vancouver Flower
    7. professional Electrical inspections | Jun 18, 2017
      Thanks a lot for sharing us about this update. Hope you will not get tired on making posts as informative as this.professional Electrical inspections
    8. divorce lawyer | Jun 18, 2017
      This is a good post. This post gives truly quality information. I’m definitely going to look into it. Really very useful tips are provided here. Thank you so much. Keep up the good works.divorce lawyer
    9. gold ira | Jun 18, 2017
      I really impressed after read this because of some quality work and informative thoughts . I just wanna say thanks for the writer and wish you all the best for coming!.gold ira
    10. matick | Jun 13, 2017
      Hi there, I discovered your blog per Google bit searching for such kinda educational advise moreover your inform beholds very remarkable for me. infiniti dealership houston
    11. matick | Jun 13, 2017
      There is so much in this article that I would never have thought of on my own. Your content gives readers things to think about in an interesting way. acura houston
    12. matick | Jun 13, 2017
      For this web site, you will see our account, remember to go through this info. career aptitude test
    13. matick | Jun 13, 2017
      This is important, though it's necessary to help you head over to it weblink: seo company houston
    14. matick | Jun 13, 2017
      I personally use them exclusively high-quality elements : you will notice these folks during: early childhood development stages
    15. panduan ebay | Jun 12, 2017
      As a seller of legal steroids, you can buy Crazy Bulk products, explore stacks and finally get the body you’ve always wantedpanduan ebay
    16. dentist in asheboro nc | Jun 12, 2017
      Wow, happy to see this awesome post. I hope this think help any newbie for their awesome work. By the way thanks for share this awesomeness fromdentist in asheboro nc
    17. chimney cleaning katy | Jun 12, 2017
      I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this..chimney cleaning katy
    18. Massage Therapy Programs | Jun 12, 2017
      I quite like reading an article that can make people think. Also, thanks for allowing for me to comment!Massage Therapy Programs
    19. cari duit | Jun 12, 2017
      I am very enjoyed for this blog. Its an informative topic. It help me very much to solve some problems. Its opportunity are so fantastic and working style so speedy.cari duit
    20. belajar forex | Jun 12, 2017
      I’ve read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to create such a great informative website.belajar forex
    21. sun dash tanning bed | Jun 12, 2017
      Very useful post. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially its discussion. Really its great article. Keep it up.sun dash tanning bed
    22. online online casino | Jun 12, 2017
      This is a fantastic website and I can not recommend you guys enough.I can set up my new idea from this post. It gives in depth information. Thanks for this valuable information for all,..online online casino
    23. tips resume | Jun 12, 2017
      Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work.tips resume
    24. pakej percutian | Jun 12, 2017
      Wonderful illustrated information. I thank you about that. No doubt it will be very useful for my future projects. Would like to see some other posts on the same subject!pakej percutian
    25. jobdirumah | Jun 12, 2017
      I will be interested in more similar topics. i see you got really very useful topics , i will be always checking your blog thanksjobdirumah
    26. pakej percutian | Jun 12, 2017
      I have read your excellent post. This is a great job. I have enjoyed reading your post first time. I want to say thanks for this post. Thank you...pakej percutian
    27. Billy | May 18, 2017

      We will try to solve this problem.

      http://penisenlargementbiblebook.com/

    28. Danie | May 18, 2017

      We will all here to see you. http://getbiggerdicknaturally.com/

    29. matick | May 16, 2017
      I invite you to the page where     see how much we have in common. Accountants Brighton
    30. Carrie | May 15, 2017

      Defending in football for last 2 minutes is very important. http://getbiggerpenisnaturally.com/

    31. Gary | May 13, 2017

      Make a plane which can land on water.

      http://getbiggerdicknaturally.com/

    32. Jess | May 02, 2017
      This great information about the Jet. It will surely help those people are looking for information about planes and stuff. What song is this  Medical billing and coding Salary
    33. naz | Apr 28, 2017
    34. pioneer seo | Apr 24, 2017
      I have perused a couple of the articles on your site now, and I truly like your style. You rock and please keep up the successful work. Laundry Detergent Fundraiser
    35. HD Movies App | Apr 19, 2017
      Watch movies in HD using Movie HD App
    36. Henry | Apr 14, 2017

      We will train our soldiers for the war.

      http://themanifestmiracle.com/

    37. Ferrer | Apr 13, 2017

      You have to see this plan first before choosing any other.

      find">http://newbodydietplan.com/

    38. matick | Apr 11, 2017
      I understand this column. I realize You put a many of struggle to found this story. I admire your process. Preparing Company Accounts
    39. sds | Mar 21, 2017

      justdecks.com.au

      It should create a feeling of warmth and natural charm and make a statement about who you are and how you like to live. It should also add a lot of value to your home.

    40. asd | Mar 13, 2017

      Business News Gold Coast

      Being aware of what your credit score is and the parts of your finances that impact the score is critical. It enables you to know where you stand and address any issues before applying for a new credit card, loan or mortgage.

    41. 2003 pilot car covers | Feb 27, 2017
      Hopefully this will help you get some ideas and inspiration to make it easier for you to let your designer know exactly what kind of pet business logo you want.  2003 pilot car covers
    42. Napoltay | Feb 23, 2017

      http 192.168.l.l

      Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

    43. pioneer seo | Feb 17, 2017
      I am dispatching a site soon, and your information will be unimaginably significant for me.. Appreciative for all your help and wishing every one of you the achievement in your business. solution to hair loss problem
    44. pioneerseo | Feb 15, 2017
      I am continually scanning on the web for articles that can help me. There is clearly a considerable measure to think about this. I think you made some great focuses in Features as well. Continue working, extraordinary employment!drug rehab centers in florida
    45. pioneer seo | Feb 12, 2017
      I'm eager to reveal this page. I have to thank you for ones time for this especially phenomenal read !! I unquestionably truly enjoyed all aspects of it and i likewise have you spared to fav to take a gander at new data in your site. Bill Twyford
    46. pioneer seo | Feb 09, 2017
      Another era of houses, in which a specialist group of engineers, originators and experts have reproduced the great style and climate of times past in the Mediterranean culture. properties in andalucia costa
    47. shahzaib khatri | Feb 01, 2017
      Show him his strengths and weaknesses for letting him know about the real information about his personality. home cleaning new york
    48. pioneer seo | Feb 01, 2017
      We have a well established maid and cleaning service in Brooklyn. With nearly 2.6 million residents, Brooklyn has a huge need for the cleaning services  Cleaner Brooklyn provides,Professionals using the Handy platform are experienced, friendly, background-checked, and insured.
    49. rishika | Jan 31, 2017
    50. ROCKZEN ROCKZEN | Jan 25, 2017
      Your content is nothing short of brilliant in many ways.  I think this is engaging and eye-opening material.  Thank you so much for caring about your content and your readers. http://net-worths.org/net-worth/bobby-boyd-net-worth/

      Leave a comment

      Images showing various stages of the construction of Cardington and the model village for workers.


      German U-boat film from the war, airships became a major weapon against submarines.

      Caterpillars and Tanks

      "It was a weapon designed for one simple task: crossing the killing zone between trench lines and breaking into enemy defenses [sic]." 1

      In 1904 David Roberts had patented a train track tractor, trials in 1907 led troops to nickname the track tractor the ‘caterpillar’. A tracked trailer was also designed, on which to load and move guns. The vehicle was devised for transportation; it was not intended as a weapon. It was the expediency of the war that led to further developments. It was the need to mount trenches and break the stalemate of troop/ground warfare that led people to make the association between a tracked vehicle and an armoured vehicle: these concepts would be combined to create the tank. Unlike the caterpillar, the tank had no sprung suspension and the track plates were an improved in order to deal with wartime conditions.

      The Ministry of Defence had rejected the idea of tracked vehicles and sold the patent to Holt Manufacturing Company in 1911: the army, therefore, had to purchase caterpillar tractors from The Caterpillar Tractor Company (as Holt had become) for transportation uses in the war.

      The tank was not the first armoured vehicle but previous incarnations required level surfaces on which to move. It became increasingly apparent that what was required was a self-propelled vehicle which could run on rough terrain. The urgency for such a weapon was due to the stalemate on the Western Front, where months and many lives were spent edging forwards and back. Trench warfare required a vechile which could overcome rough terraine. Accordingly, the tank was devised to survive artillery fire and move through barbed wire thus progressing into territory troops could not go on foot without severe reprocussions and loss of life. The innovation was eventually successful in attack, although during the First World War it was not realised that 20 years later the tank would be a major weapon of warfare.

      The combined efforts of the Admiralty and the War Office led to a prototype being trialled in 1915, it was affectionately known as 'Little Willie'. In early 1916 some changes led to the building of 'Big Willie', officially known as Mk 1 it was also called 'Mother' (to denote how it gave birth to all future tanks and associated developments).

      The tank was first used at the Battle of the Somme (1916), its impact was psychological rather militaristic; records show that of the 49 tanks which took part in the engagement, 17 broke down before they reached the front line, 9 more broke down at the front line and 5 got bogged down during the attack. However, its invulnerability to small arms fire and use for subduing machine gun fire and crushing barbed wire was established (this opened the way for an infantry attack to follow). However, as they were sent ahead of artillery barrages all assault surprise was lost. It took until 1917, at the battle of Cambrai, for the tank to show its effectiveness in battle. They were used in large numbers without the following artillery bombardment and the massed surprise assault achieved a spectacular breakthrough.

      By the end of the war, engine developments meant faster tanks were being manufactured. It seemed that the Allies, at last, had the answer to the problem of strategic penetration following a break-through. However, the war ended before this could be proven - the British Tank Corps had planned to use 10000 tanks in an independent mass assault. Somewhat ironically, it was for the German Panzer units of the Second World War to prove this.

      Hydrogen plant

      Hydrogen plant

      by User Not Found | 11 Sep, 2014

      69 comments

      Leave a comment
      1. asd | Jun 20, 2017

        Jindalee Aged Care

        This is why you must move to a home for the elderly where such services are provided. Depending on your needs, there are two distinct packages you can choose from; low-level needs and high level needs care.

      2. asd | Jun 19, 2017

        ateamtuition.com

        Finding your learning style

      3. perniagaan aiskrim | Jun 18, 2017
        I gotta favorite this website it seems very helpful .perniagaan aiskrim
      4. ibadah qurban | Jun 18, 2017
        I found this is an informative and interesting post so i think so it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article.ibadah qurban
      5. melancong | Jun 18, 2017
        I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don't know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.melancong
      6. Vancouver Flower | Jun 18, 2017
        I admire what you have done here. I like the part where you say you are doing this to give back but I would assume by all the comments that this is working for you as well.Vancouver Flower
      7. professional Electrical inspections | Jun 18, 2017
        Thanks a lot for sharing us about this update. Hope you will not get tired on making posts as informative as this.professional Electrical inspections
      8. divorce lawyer | Jun 18, 2017
        This is a good post. This post gives truly quality information. I’m definitely going to look into it. Really very useful tips are provided here. Thank you so much. Keep up the good works.divorce lawyer
      9. gold ira | Jun 18, 2017
        I really impressed after read this because of some quality work and informative thoughts . I just wanna say thanks for the writer and wish you all the best for coming!.gold ira
      10. matick | Jun 13, 2017
        Hi there, I discovered your blog per Google bit searching for such kinda educational advise moreover your inform beholds very remarkable for me. infiniti dealership houston
      11. matick | Jun 13, 2017
        There is so much in this article that I would never have thought of on my own. Your content gives readers things to think about in an interesting way. acura houston
      12. matick | Jun 13, 2017
        For this web site, you will see our account, remember to go through this info. career aptitude test
      13. matick | Jun 13, 2017
        This is important, though it's necessary to help you head over to it weblink: seo company houston
      14. matick | Jun 13, 2017
        I personally use them exclusively high-quality elements : you will notice these folks during: early childhood development stages
      15. panduan ebay | Jun 12, 2017
        As a seller of legal steroids, you can buy Crazy Bulk products, explore stacks and finally get the body you’ve always wantedpanduan ebay
      16. dentist in asheboro nc | Jun 12, 2017
        Wow, happy to see this awesome post. I hope this think help any newbie for their awesome work. By the way thanks for share this awesomeness fromdentist in asheboro nc
      17. chimney cleaning katy | Jun 12, 2017
        I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this..chimney cleaning katy
      18. Massage Therapy Programs | Jun 12, 2017
        I quite like reading an article that can make people think. Also, thanks for allowing for me to comment!Massage Therapy Programs
      19. cari duit | Jun 12, 2017
        I am very enjoyed for this blog. Its an informative topic. It help me very much to solve some problems. Its opportunity are so fantastic and working style so speedy.cari duit
      20. belajar forex | Jun 12, 2017
        I’ve read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to create such a great informative website.belajar forex
      21. sun dash tanning bed | Jun 12, 2017
        Very useful post. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially its discussion. Really its great article. Keep it up.sun dash tanning bed
      22. online online casino | Jun 12, 2017
        This is a fantastic website and I can not recommend you guys enough.I can set up my new idea from this post. It gives in depth information. Thanks for this valuable information for all,..online online casino
      23. tips resume | Jun 12, 2017
        Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work.tips resume
      24. pakej percutian | Jun 12, 2017
        Wonderful illustrated information. I thank you about that. No doubt it will be very useful for my future projects. Would like to see some other posts on the same subject!pakej percutian
      25. jobdirumah | Jun 12, 2017
        I will be interested in more similar topics. i see you got really very useful topics , i will be always checking your blog thanksjobdirumah
      26. pakej percutian | Jun 12, 2017
        I have read your excellent post. This is a great job. I have enjoyed reading your post first time. I want to say thanks for this post. Thank you...pakej percutian
      27. Billy | May 18, 2017

        We will try to solve this problem.

        http://penisenlargementbiblebook.com/

      28. Danie | May 18, 2017

        We will all here to see you. http://getbiggerdicknaturally.com/

      29. matick | May 16, 2017
        I invite you to the page where     see how much we have in common. Accountants Brighton
      30. Carrie | May 15, 2017

        Defending in football for last 2 minutes is very important. http://getbiggerpenisnaturally.com/

      31. Gary | May 13, 2017

        Make a plane which can land on water.

        http://getbiggerdicknaturally.com/

      32. Jess | May 02, 2017
        This great information about the Jet. It will surely help those people are looking for information about planes and stuff. What song is this  Medical billing and coding Salary
      33. naz | Apr 28, 2017
      34. pioneer seo | Apr 24, 2017
        I have perused a couple of the articles on your site now, and I truly like your style. You rock and please keep up the successful work. Laundry Detergent Fundraiser
      35. HD Movies App | Apr 19, 2017
        Watch movies in HD using Movie HD App
      36. Henry | Apr 14, 2017

        We will train our soldiers for the war.

        http://themanifestmiracle.com/

      37. Ferrer | Apr 13, 2017

        You have to see this plan first before choosing any other.

        find">http://newbodydietplan.com/

      38. matick | Apr 11, 2017
        I understand this column. I realize You put a many of struggle to found this story. I admire your process. Preparing Company Accounts
      39. sds | Mar 21, 2017

        justdecks.com.au

        It should create a feeling of warmth and natural charm and make a statement about who you are and how you like to live. It should also add a lot of value to your home.

      40. asd | Mar 13, 2017

        Business News Gold Coast

        Being aware of what your credit score is and the parts of your finances that impact the score is critical. It enables you to know where you stand and address any issues before applying for a new credit card, loan or mortgage.

      41. 2003 pilot car covers | Feb 27, 2017
        Hopefully this will help you get some ideas and inspiration to make it easier for you to let your designer know exactly what kind of pet business logo you want.  2003 pilot car covers
      42. Napoltay | Feb 23, 2017

        http 192.168.l.l

        Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

      43. pioneer seo | Feb 17, 2017
        I am dispatching a site soon, and your information will be unimaginably significant for me.. Appreciative for all your help and wishing every one of you the achievement in your business. solution to hair loss problem
      44. pioneerseo | Feb 15, 2017
        I am continually scanning on the web for articles that can help me. There is clearly a considerable measure to think about this. I think you made some great focuses in Features as well. Continue working, extraordinary employment!drug rehab centers in florida
      45. pioneer seo | Feb 12, 2017
        I'm eager to reveal this page. I have to thank you for ones time for this especially phenomenal read !! I unquestionably truly enjoyed all aspects of it and i likewise have you spared to fav to take a gander at new data in your site. Bill Twyford
      46. pioneer seo | Feb 09, 2017
        Another era of houses, in which a specialist group of engineers, originators and experts have reproduced the great style and climate of times past in the Mediterranean culture. properties in andalucia costa
      47. shahzaib khatri | Feb 01, 2017
        Show him his strengths and weaknesses for letting him know about the real information about his personality. home cleaning new york
      48. pioneer seo | Feb 01, 2017
        We have a well established maid and cleaning service in Brooklyn. With nearly 2.6 million residents, Brooklyn has a huge need for the cleaning services  Cleaner Brooklyn provides,Professionals using the Handy platform are experienced, friendly, background-checked, and insured.
      49. rishika | Jan 31, 2017
      50. ROCKZEN ROCKZEN | Jan 25, 2017
        Your content is nothing short of brilliant in many ways.  I think this is engaging and eye-opening material.  Thank you so much for caring about your content and your readers. http://net-worths.org/net-worth/bobby-boyd-net-worth/

        Leave a comment

        The photographs show a range of armoured vehicles used in wartime, primarily as transporters, as well as a prototype tank. To read more on the design and development of the tanks during and since the war click here.
        Aircraft

        Flying was only 11 years old in 1914. Originally planes were not used for defence but for recognisance: photographing positions/battle sites and as radio cover for troop movements during battle. At first the weight of weapons and their interference with the propeller meant that they were not armed with a forward firing machine gun, meaning they could not be used as a weapon. The invention of the interrupter gear (a synchronization device which meant bullets did not shoot the propeller) in 1915 was a major engineering development which made aerial warfare possible for the first time. It also signifies the technological battle raging between the two sides. Roland Garros, a French army aviator, had a Morane-Saulnier Type L with gun fitted: he shot down the first ever aircraft (German) with a tractor propeller on 1 April 1915; this was followed by two more successful 'kills'. On the 18th he was captured by the Germans but he failed to destroy his aircraft completely before being taken prisoner: most significantly, the gun and armoured propeller remained intact. Apparently this led engineer Anthony Fokker to design the improved interrupter gear system; in truth he had been working on it for at least six months but it is plausible the discovery and study of a working interrupter advanced his work. It was now the Allied planes that were in danger, such was the impact of his invention that the ensuing ascendancy in the air of the German's became known as the Fokker's Scrouge.

        In fact the work on Fokker's system had been going for at least six months before Garros' aircraft fell into their hands. With the advent of the interrupter gear the tables were turned on the Allies, with Fokker's planes shooting down many Allied aircraft, leading to what became known as the Fokker Scourge. The Allies were essential defenceless. Technology caught up and by the summer of 1916 the Allies also had forward firing machine guns with new lighter/more agile planes. Their recognisance role remained vital however for example, playing a key role at the Battle of the Somme.

        Aircraft was also used against the German U-boats, taking off initially from ships. In 1916 the Blackburn Aircraft Company designed and built two prototypes of an anti-submarine floatplane, the Blackburn General Purpose. On their own initiative Blackburn then developed a landplane version, the Blackburn R.T.1 Kangaroo (Reconnaissance Torpedo Type 1). Test results in early 1918 were disappointing, with the rear fuselage being prone to twisting and the aircraft suffering control problems, the order was cut from 50 to 20. However, a more powerful Rolls-Royce Falcon III engine replaced the 250 hp (120 kW) Rolls-Royce Falcon II that had been used. The Kangaroo entered service with No. 246 Squadron RAF and saw six months of operations, sinking one U-boat and damaging another four. After the war they were converted for civilian use, being used as a regular passenger service between Roundhay Park (Leeds) and Hounslow Heath, then in 1920 onto to Amsterdam. On 21 November 1919, one Kangaroo (G-EAOW) took off from Hounslow Heath in an attempt to win the Australian government prize of AUD 10,000 for the first Australian airman to fly a British aircraft from the UK to Australia within 30 consecutive days. The Kangaroo was forced to make an emergency landing at Suda Bay, Crete with a suspected sabotaged engine, and the aircraft was abandoned there.

        Hydrogen plant

        Hydrogen plant

        by User Not Found | 11 Sep, 2014

        69 comments

        Leave a comment
        1. asd | Jun 20, 2017

          Jindalee Aged Care

          This is why you must move to a home for the elderly where such services are provided. Depending on your needs, there are two distinct packages you can choose from; low-level needs and high level needs care.

        2. asd | Jun 19, 2017

          ateamtuition.com

          Finding your learning style

        3. perniagaan aiskrim | Jun 18, 2017
          I gotta favorite this website it seems very helpful .perniagaan aiskrim
        4. ibadah qurban | Jun 18, 2017
          I found this is an informative and interesting post so i think so it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article.ibadah qurban
        5. melancong | Jun 18, 2017
          I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don't know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.melancong
        6. Vancouver Flower | Jun 18, 2017
          I admire what you have done here. I like the part where you say you are doing this to give back but I would assume by all the comments that this is working for you as well.Vancouver Flower
        7. professional Electrical inspections | Jun 18, 2017
          Thanks a lot for sharing us about this update. Hope you will not get tired on making posts as informative as this.professional Electrical inspections
        8. divorce lawyer | Jun 18, 2017
          This is a good post. This post gives truly quality information. I’m definitely going to look into it. Really very useful tips are provided here. Thank you so much. Keep up the good works.divorce lawyer
        9. gold ira | Jun 18, 2017
          I really impressed after read this because of some quality work and informative thoughts . I just wanna say thanks for the writer and wish you all the best for coming!.gold ira
        10. matick | Jun 13, 2017
          Hi there, I discovered your blog per Google bit searching for such kinda educational advise moreover your inform beholds very remarkable for me. infiniti dealership houston
        11. matick | Jun 13, 2017
          There is so much in this article that I would never have thought of on my own. Your content gives readers things to think about in an interesting way. acura houston
        12. matick | Jun 13, 2017
          For this web site, you will see our account, remember to go through this info. career aptitude test
        13. matick | Jun 13, 2017
          This is important, though it's necessary to help you head over to it weblink: seo company houston
        14. matick | Jun 13, 2017
          I personally use them exclusively high-quality elements : you will notice these folks during: early childhood development stages
        15. panduan ebay | Jun 12, 2017
          As a seller of legal steroids, you can buy Crazy Bulk products, explore stacks and finally get the body you’ve always wantedpanduan ebay
        16. dentist in asheboro nc | Jun 12, 2017
          Wow, happy to see this awesome post. I hope this think help any newbie for their awesome work. By the way thanks for share this awesomeness fromdentist in asheboro nc
        17. chimney cleaning katy | Jun 12, 2017
          I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this..chimney cleaning katy
        18. Massage Therapy Programs | Jun 12, 2017
          I quite like reading an article that can make people think. Also, thanks for allowing for me to comment!Massage Therapy Programs
        19. cari duit | Jun 12, 2017
          I am very enjoyed for this blog. Its an informative topic. It help me very much to solve some problems. Its opportunity are so fantastic and working style so speedy.cari duit
        20. belajar forex | Jun 12, 2017
          I’ve read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much effort you put to create such a great informative website.belajar forex
        21. sun dash tanning bed | Jun 12, 2017
          Very useful post. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially its discussion. Really its great article. Keep it up.sun dash tanning bed
        22. online online casino | Jun 12, 2017
          This is a fantastic website and I can not recommend you guys enough.I can set up my new idea from this post. It gives in depth information. Thanks for this valuable information for all,..online online casino
        23. tips resume | Jun 12, 2017
          Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work.tips resume
        24. pakej percutian | Jun 12, 2017
          Wonderful illustrated information. I thank you about that. No doubt it will be very useful for my future projects. Would like to see some other posts on the same subject!pakej percutian
        25. jobdirumah | Jun 12, 2017
          I will be interested in more similar topics. i see you got really very useful topics , i will be always checking your blog thanksjobdirumah
        26. pakej percutian | Jun 12, 2017
          I have read your excellent post. This is a great job. I have enjoyed reading your post first time. I want to say thanks for this post. Thank you...pakej percutian
        27. Billy | May 18, 2017

          We will try to solve this problem.

          http://penisenlargementbiblebook.com/

        28. Danie | May 18, 2017

          We will all here to see you. http://getbiggerdicknaturally.com/

        29. matick | May 16, 2017
          I invite you to the page where     see how much we have in common. Accountants Brighton
        30. Carrie | May 15, 2017

          Defending in football for last 2 minutes is very important. http://getbiggerpenisnaturally.com/

        31. Gary | May 13, 2017

          Make a plane which can land on water.

          http://getbiggerdicknaturally.com/

        32. Jess | May 02, 2017
          This great information about the Jet. It will surely help those people are looking for information about planes and stuff. What song is this  Medical billing and coding Salary
        33. naz | Apr 28, 2017
        34. pioneer seo | Apr 24, 2017
          I have perused a couple of the articles on your site now, and I truly like your style. You rock and please keep up the successful work. Laundry Detergent Fundraiser
        35. HD Movies App | Apr 19, 2017
          Watch movies in HD using Movie HD App
        36. Henry | Apr 14, 2017

          We will train our soldiers for the war.

          http://themanifestmiracle.com/

        37. Ferrer | Apr 13, 2017

          You have to see this plan first before choosing any other.

          find">http://newbodydietplan.com/

        38. matick | Apr 11, 2017
          I understand this column. I realize You put a many of struggle to found this story. I admire your process. Preparing Company Accounts
        39. sds | Mar 21, 2017

          justdecks.com.au

          It should create a feeling of warmth and natural charm and make a statement about who you are and how you like to live. It should also add a lot of value to your home.

        40. asd | Mar 13, 2017

          Business News Gold Coast

          Being aware of what your credit score is and the parts of your finances that impact the score is critical. It enables you to know where you stand and address any issues before applying for a new credit card, loan or mortgage.

        41. 2003 pilot car covers | Feb 27, 2017
          Hopefully this will help you get some ideas and inspiration to make it easier for you to let your designer know exactly what kind of pet business logo you want.  2003 pilot car covers
        42. Napoltay | Feb 23, 2017

          http 192.168.l.l

          Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

        43. pioneer seo | Feb 17, 2017
          I am dispatching a site soon, and your information will be unimaginably significant for me.. Appreciative for all your help and wishing every one of you the achievement in your business. solution to hair loss problem
        44. pioneerseo | Feb 15, 2017
          I am continually scanning on the web for articles that can help me. There is clearly a considerable measure to think about this. I think you made some great focuses in Features as well. Continue working, extraordinary employment!drug rehab centers in florida
        45. pioneer seo | Feb 12, 2017
          I'm eager to reveal this page. I have to thank you for ones time for this especially phenomenal read !! I unquestionably truly enjoyed all aspects of it and i likewise have you spared to fav to take a gander at new data in your site. Bill Twyford
        46. pioneer seo | Feb 09, 2017
          Another era of houses, in which a specialist group of engineers, originators and experts have reproduced the great style and climate of times past in the Mediterranean culture. properties in andalucia costa
        47. shahzaib khatri | Feb 01, 2017
          Show him his strengths and weaknesses for letting him know about the real information about his personality. home cleaning new york
        48. pioneer seo | Feb 01, 2017
          We have a well established maid and cleaning service in Brooklyn. With nearly 2.6 million residents, Brooklyn has a huge need for the cleaning services  Cleaner Brooklyn provides,Professionals using the Handy platform are experienced, friendly, background-checked, and insured.
        49. rishika | Jan 31, 2017
        50. ROCKZEN ROCKZEN | Jan 25, 2017
          Your content is nothing short of brilliant in many ways.  I think this is engaging and eye-opening material.  Thank you so much for caring about your content and your readers. http://net-worths.org/net-worth/bobby-boyd-net-worth/

          Leave a comment

          Design drawings for Whitworth-Armstrong Vickers machine gun mount. See more on the Resources page.

          Anthony Fokker with his plane
          Fokker with the plane he obtained his flying license in, 1911. He is chatting to pilot Nyenhoff, who flew it in an air show in 1936.

          Blackburn Kangaroo
          Blackburn Kangaroo, preparing to fly in Australia in 1919.

          Credits/footnotes:

          ​Williamson Murray, "Armoured Warfare: The British, French, and German Experiences," in Murray, Williamson; Millet, Allan R, eds. (1996). Military Innovation in the Interwar Period. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 6. ISBN 0-521-63760-0.

          Images:

          Paravane design drawings; The Mk I tank ‘Big Willie’; Aircraft images; and machine gun mount design drawings/papers.  IMechE Archive.

          Photographs of  track tractors being used in South Africa, ICE Archive.