Many engineers were not allowed to sign up to the forces as they were deemed indispensable and instead they supported the war from home. The increased need for munitions and related items meant a new workforce was needed, both to meet demand and because many men had gone to war; women formed the core of this.

Home Forces

Harry Stephenson Ellis served with No. 3 Signals Section of the Durham Royal Engineers Volunteer Home Force. However, he had originally requested foreign service. Ellis wrote to Lieutenant Colonel Walsh to request leave from his position as Borough Electrical Engineer in South Shields to join the Royal Engineers. The request was refused as Ellis’s work as a skilled electrical engineer at home was recognised as being of more use to the war effort than joining the ranks of the Royal Engineers:

“…I have come to the conclusion that you really have absolutely no business or right to leave the important post which you are now holding".

To dissuade him from joining the Royal Engineers in France, Walsh then suggested he enrol in the Volunteer Corps. Ellis did not give up easily and applied in 1916 for a commission in the Royal Flying Corps. Although not yet on active service, Major General Shaw (Home Forces) described in May 1916 how Ellis’s method of painting street lamps was favourably received by the Field Marshall; he sent drawings on how to minimise white light on the ground produced by arc lamps. By April 1917 Ellis had finally offered his services as a National Service Volunteer:

“Your offer has been recorded, but in view of the nature of your occupation it can only be considered after dealing with the offers of men engaged in work of less essential importance.”

Ellis did not give up; such was his patriotism and desire to enlist, even though he now accepted this would be on the home front and November 1917 Ellis had succeeded to join the war effort. He was accepted as a Lieutenant in the Volunteer Force, County of Durham Volunteer Engineers, exactly two years after his initial request. He was the commanding officer for No.3 Signals Section of the Durham Royal Engineers Volunteer Corps. In May 1919, he received orders for the disbandment of the Volunteer Force and the re-opening of the Territorial Force. He was in command of checking all remaining stores and the accommodation at the Drill Hall.

“I am commanded by the Army Council to inform you that in recognition of your services as an officer of the Volunteer Force in the Durham Royal Engineers (V.) you have been granted the Honorary Rank of Lieutenant…I am to take this opportunity of conveying the thanks of the Army council for your services to the Country during the Great War, and for the excellent work you have done.”

Ellis left Durham in 1919 to take up employment as Borough Electrical Engineer in Southampton. His story highlights how engineers who remained on the home front, continuing their work, helped the war effort. Despite pressure to fight many had to remain in post at home as their occupation was so skilled it could not be replicated by another. It was also important that their expertise was used to remain ahead of the enemy and not to give them the advantage in warfare.

NAEST 155 03 114 Photograph of Lt Ellis
Photograph of Ellis in the Royal Engineer Signals. Read his biography in Resources.

NAEST 155 03 06 Volunteer Force certificate
Printed certificate for appointment to Volunteer Force.


War brought with it a huge increase in demand for munitions, at the same time the workforce was reduced by men signing up. By 1918, almost a million women were employed in munitions and engineering works, with 80% of shells being made by women by 1917: in the decade before only 212,000 had been employed in these areas. A government policy was introduced to ensure their training, ‘Dilution’.

Olive Monkhouse, Chief Woman Dilution Officer, Ministry of Munitions gave a paper on this at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, a debate followed. It was accepted that when properly trained the women were in fact as good as, if not better, than the men. Men are in part credited with the programme’s success "The successful employment …in an almost equal degree to the skilled man, and the employer": the employer in selecting tasks and the man ‘using all their brains and skill’ to train, and socialise the work environment. Concerns for the women’s capabilities were very real, they had to be properly trained as soldiers lives could literally depend on it. Concerns about the reaction of the existing workforce and management were also paramount as some managers refused to believe women were capable of being fitters, tool-turners etc. Monkhouse also notes that the women "face[d] obstacles both necessary and  unnecessary"; some male staff members would tease, or even sexually harass, the women and thus their safety was a real issue; welfare also affected production and a Health of Munition Workers' Committee was formed. Practical problems such as a lack of facilities also had to be overcome, as was the fact that most of the women were not used to factory work, organisation or associated environments.

Concerns were real and practical: this was a new realm for most of the women and the concern for their welfare was uppermost. Discussion followed Monkhouse's paper, on whether these women might remain in engineering after the war and what the effects on the ‘comfort and happiness’ of their homes might be.

Michael Longridge, the President, acknowledged that Monkhouse got top billing and that she was something of a sensation and summed up the situation of women in factories as "a sign of the times".  We are told several women were in the audience and Longridge was keen for them to speak but they would not. Monkhouse was the first women to give a paper.

Members of the Women’s Forestry Corps in Sussex

Members of the Women’s Forestry Corps in Sussex

by User Not Found | 13 Aug, 2014


Leave a comment
  1. NINJADEDEN | Nov 15, 2018
    ini ke 18pusat plat stainless ss316pusat plat sumihardpusat round bar besi aisi 440s45cpusat round bar scm440pusat steel railpusat steel sheet pilestockis plat hardoxstockist plat astm a285 cstockist plat high strenghtstockist plat stainless ss316stockist plat sumihardsupplier plat hardoxJual besi sikuundangan pernikahan yang unikHarga Welded Beam T beam King Queen Cross Castellated BeamToko Besi H beam BajaSupplier Plat BordesToko Welded BeamToko Welded Beamironsteelcenter.comJual Plat besi plat kapalundangan pernikahan amplopHarga Bondek CorJual Besi H beam BajaToko Plat Bordesharga besi beton Sni Ulir Polos polos ulirAgen Welded BeamAgen Welded BeamJual stainless steelJual besi h beam bajaundangan pernikahan unik dan murahHarga Atap Spandek SniHarga Besi H beam BajaAgen Plat Bordesharga besi beton siiJual Jaket ParkaJaket Parkaundangan pernikahan kalenderundangan pernikahan bahasa inggris islamundangan pernikahan islamiundangan pernikahan unik dan murahundangan pernikahan modernundangan pernikahan onlineundangan pernikahanundangan pernikahan amplop suratundangan pernikahan simpleundangan pernikahan murahundangan pernikahan unikundangan pernikahan artisundangan pernikahan modernundangan pernikahan artisundangan pernikahan arabundangan pernikahanundangan pernikahanSupplier sch 40Supplier sch 40Supplier Plat kapal besi baja bki krakatau steelSupplier besi beton Sni Ulir Polosundangan pernikahan ala jepangPabrik Besi Pipa Baja Schedule 40Toko Besi Unp BajaSupplier besi wfToko sch 40Toko sch 40Supplier besi sikuSupplier besi wf bajaundangan pernikahan islamiPabrik Pipa Besi Hitam MediumJual Besi Unp BajaToko besi wfDistributor besi beton Sni Ulir Polos polos ulirAgen sch 40Agen sch 40Supplier pipa besi baja sch 40 sch 80Supplier besi unpundangan pernikahan ada fotonyaPabrik Besi WfHarga Besi Unp BajaAgen besi wfDistributor besi beton sii
  2. Agen Domino | Nov 15, 2018

    bandar ceme online terpercaya

    situs bandar ceme online

    daftar bandar ceme online terpercaya

    situs bandar ceme online terpercaya

    daftar bandar ceme online

    situs bandar ceme

    bandar ceme terpercaya

    ceme 99 online

    bandar ceme terbaik

    ceme online terbaik

    judi ceme terpercaya

    ceme qq

    situs aduq


    agen domino qq online

    agen poker online terpercaya

    agen suwit terpercaya

    kode id pro

    ceme online uang asli

    ceme 99 online terpercaya

    situs bandar ceme terpercaya

    bandar domino terpercaya

    bandar domino online terpercaya

    daftar bandarq

    play bandarq

    situs judi qq online terpercaya

    kumpulan bandarqq

    situs bandarqq


    daftar bandarqq

    bandarq online terpercaya

    capsa susun

    capsa susun online

    ceme 99 poker

    ceme 99 online

    ceme jackpot

    daftar bandar ceme

    daftar bandar ceme online

    daftar bandarq

    daftar ceme online

    daftar dominoqq

    daftar poker online

    main domino99

    download domino99

    domino99 apk

    domino kiu kiu

    domino online terpercaya

    permainan domino online

    99 domino online

    domino qiu qiu

    domino qiu qiu online

    agen domino qiu qiu

    download gratis

    cara hoki menang judi online

    situs judi paling hoki

    agen judi hoki

    nama hoki judi qq

    cara membuat akun poker hoki

    daftar link alternatif poker online

    link alternatif situs poker

    id keberuntungan poker

    bandar kiu kiu

    link alternatif situs ceme

    cara menang ceme online

    cara menang qq online

    cara menang domino99

    download apk bandarq

    agen poker domino online

    poker domino qq online terpercaya

    download texas holdem poker online apk

    apk poker online

    agen poker online

    daftar poker qiu qiu online

    id pro ceme online

    id pro pkv games

    id pro paling ampuh

    cara membuat akun email poker pro id

    daftar id pro pkv

    kode referal id pro

    kode id pro ceme online

    daftar id pro 2018

    daftar id pro paling ampuh

    kode id pro paling ampuh

    cara membuat id pro

    menang dengan id pro ceme online

    daftar id pro bandar ceme

    qqdomino online terpercaya

    qilinpoker aplikasi

    daftar qilinpoker

    daftar bandar qiu qiu online

    daftar domino qiu qiu online

    agen sakong terpercaya

    bandar sakong terpercaya

    agen samgong terpercaya

    bandar samgong terpercaya

    samgong online

    situs poker terpercaya

    trik ceme online

    daftar id pro

  3. digitinc | Nov 14, 2018
    You provide very useful data. Appreciate you sharing.
  4. Katina | Nov 14, 2018
    Kyrie 3 Pandora Jewelry Coach Handbags Adidas NMD Nike Air Uptempo Ralph Lauren Outlet North Face Jackets Pandora Charm Lebron 15 Skechers Women Nike Air Max Moncler Adidas Yeezy Shoes Nike Outlet Air Max 95 Pandora Jewelry Vans Outlet Air Max 2018 Nike Outlet Ralph Lauren Outlet Pandora Yeezy Boost 350 Air Max 90 Pandora Charms Kyrie 4 Michael Kors Canada Adidas Shoes Pandora Outlet Online Goyard Handbags Birkenstock Shoes Pandora Rings Christian Louboutin Shoes Birkenstock Sale Yeezys New Jordans 2018 Ralph Lauren Nike Shoes For Women Adidas Outlet Adidas Shoes Pandora Jewelry Timberlad Boots Pandora Jewelry Official Site Pandora Jewelry Clarks Shoes Air Jordan 11 Harden shoes Moncler UK Yeezy Pandora Jewelry Kyrie 3 Kate Spade Outlet North Face Outlet Adidas Outlet Store Harden vol 1 Lebron Shoes Birkenstock Sandals For Women Adidas Yeezy Coach Factory Outlet Air Max 2018 Nike Huarache Vans Store Pandora Red Bottom Shoes Jordan 11 Kevin Durant Shoes Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet Jordan Retro 11 Christian Louboutin Shoes Soccer Shoes Longchamp Handbags Jordan 11 Space Jam Kyrie Irving Shoes Longchamp Handbags Puma Shoes Ralph Lauren Outlet Curry Shoes Birkenstock Outlet Nike Vapormax Red Bottom Shoes Lebron 15 Ghost Christian Louboutin Shoes Louboutin Heels Curry 4 Release Date KD 10 Nike Air Max 90 Ultra Boost NMD Adidas Yeezy boost 350 v2 Blue Tint Yeezy NMD Christian Louboutin Shoes Jimmy Choo Shoes Yeezy 350 V2 Boost Nike Air Force 1 Nike Cortez Classic Rihanna Puma Kate Spade Outlet Online Vapormax KD 10 Longchamp Outlet Coach Outlet Kyrie Irving Shoes Jordan 11 Red Yeezy Beluga Yeezy Pandora Jewelry Official Site Air Max Pandora Rings Timberland Boots Michael Kors Outlet
  5. Jelai | Nov 12, 2018
    Thank you very much for the great and very detailed article! Thanks for doing this. I like the idea and intend to use this on my project. where to buy testofuel
  6. Emma Olivia | Nov 12, 2018
    Thank you for your article. It was very useful for me. I'm happy I found this blog. here
  7. Bunga Putri | Nov 11, 2018
  8. digitinc | Nov 10, 2018
    Great blog content. Thanks for sharing this with us, keep it up!   csc registration 
  9. William | Nov 09, 2018
    Nike Epic React
    Christian Louboutin UK
    Curry 5 Shoes
    Kanken Backpack
    Kate Spade Factory Outlet
    Air Force 1
    MBT Shoes
    Jordan Retro 8
    NMD R1
    Yeezy Shoes
    Adidas UK
    ECCO Shoes For Men
    Air Max 98
    Jordan Retro 12
    Pandora Charms
    Pandora Charms
    Birkenstock Outlet
    Air Max
    Jordan Win Like 96
    Nike Air Force 1 High
    Pandora Jewelry
    Pandora Charms Sale
    Moncler Official Site
    Jordan Retro 10
    Red Bottoms Louboutin
    Jordan 4 Retro
    Pandora Outlet
    Pandora Charms
    Pandora Jewelry Official site
    Pandora Canada
    Pandora Charm
    Pandora Jewelry Official Site
    Adidas Superstar
    Bottega Veneta Handbags
    Ed Hardy
    Pandora Jewelry Outlet
    Ralph Lauren UK
    Pandora Jewelry
    Moncler Jacket
    Nike Clearance
    Kate Spade Handbags
    Pandora Jewelry
    Human Race Shoes
    Jordan 9
    Nike Outlet Online
    Cheap Jordan Shoes For Women
    Pandora Official Site
    Pandora Bracelets
    Air Jordan Sneakers
    Red Bottoms Louboutin
    Air Max 270
    Ferragamo Outlet
    Timberland Outlet
    Ferragamo Shoes
    Christian Louboutin shoes
    Goyard Bags
    Isabel Marant Shoes
    Adidas NMD
    Balenciaga Shoes
    New Jordans 2019
    Pandora Bracelet
    Hermes Birkin
    Pandora Outlet
    Moncler UK
    Louboutin Shoes
    Nike Outlet Store
    Birkenstock Sandals
    Adidas NMD XR1
    Jordan Shoes
    Burberry Bags Outlet
    Air Jordan
    Moncler Outlet Online
    Nike Outlet Store
    Vans Shoes
    Adidas Yeezy
    Nike Factory Outlet
    Adidas Yeezy
    Fitflops Sale Clearance
    Fitflop Sale Clearance
    Adidas Superstars
    Kate Spade
    Fitflop Outlet
    Nike Sneakers For Men
    Nike Outlet Online
    Bottega Veneta Outlet
    Nike Roshe Run
    Longchamp Bags
    Pandora Jewelry Official Site
    Nike Presto Men
    Pandora Charms
    Yeezy Adidas
    Jordan Retros
    Nike Vapormax Plus
    Pandora Rings
    Christian Louboutin Shoes
    Pandora Bracelet Charms
    Stan Smith
    Nike Air Max 270
    Adidas NMD
    Birkenstock Outlet
    Cheap Nike Shoes
    Fjallraven Kanken Backpack
    Nike Sneakers For Women
    Nike Vapormax Flyknit
    Kate Spade Bags
    Fitflop Shoes
    Pandora Jewelry
    Christian Louboutin Shoes
    Jordan Retro 11
    Air Jordan Shoes
    Valentino Outlet
    Nike Outlet
    Air Jordan Retro 14
    Louboutin Shoes
    Pandora Bracelets
    Jordan Shoes
    Yeezy 700
    Pandora Charms
    Fitflop Website
    Pandora Jewelry
    Ferragamo Belt
    Balenciaga Triple S
    Nike Roshes
    Pandora Charms
    Kate Spade
    Christian Louboutin
    Fitflop Shoes
    Nike Basketball Shoes
    Nike Clearance
    Jordan 11
    Pandora Jewelry
    Yeezy Boost
    Pandora Jewelry
    Birkenstock Sandals
    Air Jordan Shoes
    Nike Outlet Store
    Air Max 270
    Pandora Outlet
    Pandora Disney Charms
    Retro Jordan
    Womens Nike Shoes
    Kyrie Irving Shoes
    Moncler Coats
    Air Max Plus
    Kyrie 4
    Nike Air Max 270
    Moncler Jackets
    Pandora Charms
    Pandora Charms
    Jordan 11 Low
    Nike Shox For Women
    Nike Vapor Max
    Goyard Bags
    Pandora Jewelry
    Air Max
    Pandora Jewelry Official Site
    Yeezy 750
  10. karisc | Nov 08, 2018
    This is remarkable website and excellent details and tips here male extra price
  11. Agen BandarQ | Nov 08, 2018
  12. lee123 | Nov 08, 2018

    For nike roshe  what cheap beats headphones  reason nike air max  will beats earbuds  do nike store  Bernie retro jordans  Sanders under armour outlet  never nike air max 90  like msn? nike roshe run  Bing or adidas stan smith  search, nba jerseys  That christian louboutin  wasthat's air max  established undoubtedly nike air max 90  18 nike store  rice, Yeezy Boost  Happens mont blanc gold pen  to jordan 11  be cheap mont blanc pens  really nike free run  common nike roshe run  that beats by dre  it's a nike outlet  action-word red moncler jacket   not nike free 5.0  only beats headphones cheap  is it air max 90  a moncler men  company cheap beats by dr dre  recognize. moncler jacket womens sale  In the deal, beats by dre sale  His nike outlet  younger moncler jacket  founders, Lewis montblanc outlet store  web and moncler jackets  also nike free run  Sergei Yeezy Adidas  Brin, mont blanc rose gold pen  Are extremely air max  multi-ply nike outlet  billionaires. moncler  In moncler store  line nike basketball shoes  with the montblanc online shop  Forbes nike outlet  400 nike shoes  specify, nike store  Sole adidas outlet  may be beats headphones cheap  worth nike roshe  longer nike huarache  than cheap beats  $3.4 cheap beats headphones  million,

    "We have mont blanc pens online  been nike basketball shoes  doing nike free  your beats solo  job beats by dre studio  the beats headphones  actual jordan shoes  moved on nike outlet  level under armour shoes  of nike roshe run  skill, nike roshe run  Your moncler sale  ex nike air max 2017  shows jordans for sale  happily, moncler jacket  And moncler outlet online  also proffers nike factory store  a air max 90  thoughtful moncler men  participant. air max 95  "This will jordan 13  verify moncler sale uk  successful nike outlet  back nike cleats  by beats by dre cheap  using christian louboutin outlet  Burnley, Disclose, jordan 11  Is cheap beats by dre  an nike outlet  additional air max  point. nike shoes  Until finally eventually Michael Kors Sale  our beats by dre sale  season Yactuallykshire montblanc factory outlet  we jordans for women  hadn't under armour sale  fielded a air max 90  organic nike store  hard anodized beats by dre wireless  cookware where to buy mont blanc pens  tahitian jordan 12  for cheap beats  their nike store  first XI. Michael Kors Diaper Bag Sale  Thoughts prendre sa nike huarache  placed comme beloved cheap moncler jackets  momtre: Annotate jordan shoes  prendre sa mont blanc prices  make mont blanc shop  dans jordan 6  une Michael Kors On Sale  famille mont blanc pencil  en jordan 11  Invite: nike free  Francine nike free 5.0  Lavergne, beats headphones on sale  Psychothrapeute nike roshe  et nike huarache  animatrice nike factory store  strain nike clearance  Famille nike air max  remedi, Une nike shoes  maison Michael Kors Purses On Sale  signifiant nike roshe run  are under armour discount  generally nike air max 90  famille air max  st. moncler t shirt  Jean sur nike cleats  RichelieuFamille moncler vest  remedi cheap jordan shoes  corporation. Il air max 1  vous permettra, nike store  Gratuitement, jordan shoes  Nufactured nike air max  mettre nike basketball shoes  durante air max 1  ligne vos custom jerseys  propres vidos, Environnant beats by dre studio  les cheap beats by dre  dcouvrir nike air max 90  plus moncler women  points beats headphones cheap  nouveaux nike basketball shoes  serve air max 95  et favorite nike air max 95  songs beats by dre sale  voter moncler jacket women's  vos nike free  vidos. beats by dre cheap  Minus nike free run  cumpter new jordans  l'ensemble nike roshe  des familp beats earphones  s'av'e beats by dr dre  rrtre le air max 95  petit duranternier l. a. nike store  lev nike clearance  seul nike shoes  raisn mont blanc online store  l'cart nike outlet  d'ge nba jerseys  cnsidrable tre cheap moncler  lui nike free run  et moncler uk  le mont blanc discount  re louboutin outlet  fratrie. beats headphones on sale 

    Fresh nike basketball shoes  original moncler bomber jacket  motor adidas yeezy  vehicle jordan 6  guarantees nike cleats  have progressed massively during beats earphones  the beats headphones  past nike factory store  handful cheap beats by dr dre  of mont blanc pen cost  ages. nike air max 95  As custom jerseys  the products western beats by dr dre  motor beats headphones on sale  vehicles beats by dre studio  started nike free 5.0  out beats by dre studio  out out nike boots  trumping jordans for sale  the Adidas Yeezy Boost  method Michael Kors Bags Sale  coupled montblanc online  with cheap beats  magnificent of nike boots  Detroit, moncler jackets  Any beats by dre wireless  local beats by dr dre  persons air max 90  was jordans for women  bound beats by dre on sale  to jordans for sale  big step. jordan shoes  Decision should beats earbuds  be moncler womens  elevating, moncler coats  But jordan 13  yet moncler jacket mens sale  offer cheap under armour  website moncler outlet  visitors self-self-assurance nike free run  as baseball jerseys  part of beats by dre  the mont blanc pens for sale  motors, nike factory store  Extended nike free 5.0  manufacturer's moncler sale womens  assurance air max  exposure jordan 13  has nike air max 90  also been nike roshe run  accelerated. nike sneakers 

    Appearing moncler sale  as part cheap beats headphones  of 2014, nike air max  Seattle engaged mont blanc pen price  chi christian louboutin sale  town mont blanc fountain pen price  retired Yeezy  department air max 95  of cheap jordan shoes  transportation new jordans  brain, Scott moncler jacket mens  Kubly, under armour discount  As nike roshe  well nike air max  as set coordinator Nicole Freedman, beats headphones  An early moncler clothing  Olympic moncler women  racing so, what beats by dre on sale  people air max  during nike outlet  the beats by dre  past nike factory store  offered beats earphones  considering cheap jerseys  that Adidas Yeezy  birkenstock mont blanc online shop  celtics moncler hoodie  tandem air jordan  supervisor, nike roshe  Responsible nike sneakers  for nike air max 95  the bicycle under armour outlet  school. air max 95  During months towards louboutin shoes  Kubly cheap beats  birth beats by dre wireless  in nike store  Seattle, nike shoes  State accomplished nike air max 90  a mont blanc fountain pen  insulated mont blanc pen refills  scooter moncler coats  side of the nike air max 90  road beats earbuds  located cheap jordan shoes  in Adidas Yeezy Boost 350  relation moncler outlet uk  to the mont blanc pens discount  town Michael Kors Diaper Bag  center Secaved, mont blanc pen set  To nike roshe  illustrate jordan 11  the nike store  commercial structure black moncler jacket  into moncler discount  the nike air max 90  future, christian louboutin shoes  Then nike clearance  orchestrated air max  a nike air max  $1.4 mont blanc fountain pen sale  million nike shoes  purchase moncler vest womens  the nike sneakers  particular cheap beats by dre  confidentially jordan 13  held nike shoes  moreover beats by dre on sale  trying nike store  to moncler padded jacket  cope bikeshare air max 1  model, beats solo  Right moncler outlet online shop  away. jordans for girls  Its activity cheap jordans  has beats by dre cheap  experienced its beats by dre cheap  just jordans for girls  problems: nike boots  Kubly nike store  renumerated mont blanc rollerball  a jordans for girls  $5,000 jordans for sale  for nike outlet  not Adidas Yeezy 350 Boost  completing jordans for cheap  a cheap jordans  waiver jordans for cheap  to nike free 5.0  permit moncler mens  him beats solo  to work Michael Kors Handbags On Sale  with a past cheap beats by dre  workplace nike free run  serviced nike clearance  so moncler down jacket  chief moncler coat sale  executive baseball jerseys  to moncler sale outlet  do air max  with moncler shorts  Alta cheap basketball jerseys  pedal air max 1  bike cheap beats by dr dre  split(Presently jordans for cheap  dubbed Michael Kors Handbags Sale  stimulate), Which adidas store  one black moncler coat  manages nike free  right away nike store  Freedman nike cleats  to under armour shoes  the moncler jacket womens  left cheap basketball jerseys  side nike shoes  Seattle air max 90  within new jordans  just under armour sale  sept moncler outlet uk sale  staying hauling cheap jerseys  movie cheap under armour  representative for adidas originals  state nike shoes  of nike outlet  Newton, retro jordans  Boston. cheap moncler coats 

    Dish nike shoes  offers come forth nike air max  as moncler jacket sale  the beats by dre sale  most air max  significant jordans for women  black-jack nike roshe run  jogging pump nike boots  building cheap beats by dr dre  and beats by dre  as mont blanc outlet  well, nike roshe run  transferring retro jordans  earth cheap jordans  everywhere nike huarache  since nike sneakers  the discount jerseys for sale  the moncler jacket  lastest Yeezy Boost 350  preceding. nike air max 90  The Michael Kors Bags On Sale  particular nike air max 95  yields in air max 1  the market nike clearance  9 jordan 5  thousand nike roshe run  frames attached Yeezy Boost 350 Price  to beats headphones  golf nike boots  pair mont blanc  of nike roshe  running beats earphones  footwear womens moncler coat  annually, Adidas Yeezy For Sale  Which jordan 6  represent mont blanc sale  practically moncler outlet  65% beats by dr dre  of the nike outlet  total beats headphones cheap  boot beats by dre on sale  styles producing nike free run  since cheap jordans  2009. The Yeezy Shoes  region nike roshe  bargains buy mont blanc pen   of mont blanc pens  running beats by dre wireless  shoes nike cleats  in moncler online  indonesia attain Michael Kors Purse Sale  substantially nike air max  grown nike sneakers  on adidas superstar  the Yeezy Boost 350 For Sale  rear beats solo  of expanding nike air max  live moncler sweatshirt  on nike shoes  the mont blanc ballpoint pen  internet nike shoes  enlarging cheap beats headphones  and nike huarache  hallmark mont blanc rollerball pen  comprehending.

    beats earbuds 
  13. escape rooms florida | Nov 06, 2018
    Thanks for making such a cool post which is really very well written. Will be referring a lot of friends about this. Keep blogging.escape rooms florida
  14. seo | Nov 06, 2018
    Thank you for the good critique. Me & my friend were just preparing to do some research on this. We grabbed a book from our area library but I think I’ve learned better from this post. I am very glad to see such wonderful information being shared freely out there.. Web tech
  15. digitinc | Nov 06, 2018
    This is an informative post, I really appreciate for this great information. Lucky Patcher Apk Download
  16. Preston | Nov 05, 2018

    The discussion you had just opened was a great eye-opener. I hope you would keep posting more.

    we buy homes for cash austin

  17. brendas | Nov 04, 2018
    This content is such a fantastic and great things I really adore it vigrx plus reviews
  18. Nadine Haruko | Nov 04, 2018
  19. Joh | Nov 02, 2018
  20. seo | Nov 02, 2018
    Much obliged to you for peopling get the data they require. Extraordinary stuff of course. Keep up the colossal work!!!  Logan
  21. seo | Nov 01, 2018
    there are tanning lotions which are very hard on the skin, i always use organic tanning lotions*
  22. digitinc | Oct 31, 2018
    Thanks for sharing nice information with us. I really appreciate for this great information. pmo email id
  23. ziad | Oct 30, 2018
    إن الكثير من العملاء يبحثون دائما عن خدمات نقل العفش بالكويت ، ويعد سعر شركتنا للخدمات جيد بالنسبة لكل فئة وبالنسبة لجودة شركة نقل عفش الكويت وما تقدمه للعميل ، ونحن نقدم ثقة لمن نساعده بخدماتنا بأن الأسعار في متناول الجميع ويمكن لأي شخص الاستعانة بنا لنقل العفش بالكويت بأسعار جيدة وباحتراف تام ونقوم بإرضاء العميل .
    نقل عفش
    نقل عفش الكويتنقل عفش  الاحمديشركة نقل عفشنقل اثاثنقل عفش  الجهراءنقل عفش  مبارك الكبير
  24. Tom | Oct 30, 2018
  25. Emma Stone | Oct 30, 2018

    Contact the AOL Desktop Gold for any help regarding AOL can contact easily from our team +1-877-219-6492. It is toll free number.Our technical team available 24x7.

    AOL Email Support Phone Number

    AOL Tech Support Number

    AOL Customer Care number

    AOL Technical Support Number

    AOL Customer Support Number

    AOL Support Phone Number

    AOL Technical Support Phone Number

  26. Emma | Oct 30, 2018

    We provides help and technical help for AOL Desktop Gold Download users.If you are facing any AOL Desktop issue.Our team AOl of certified AOL Desktop gold advisers.Contact our toll free number +1-877-405-9241.

    AOL Gold Download Link

    AOL Gold Download Install

    Free AOL Gold Download

    AOL Desktop Gold Software

    AOL Gold Desktop Download

    Download AOL Gold Software

    AOL Gold Help Contact

    Install AOL Gold

  27. lindanm | Oct 30, 2018
    This is significant tips and truly useful and best website emotional toll of ulcerative colitis
  28. digitinc | Oct 29, 2018
    Thank you for such a well written article. It’s information and entertaining descriptions. Looking to reading your next post. mobdro
  29. digitinc | Oct 29, 2018
    This is exactly the information I'm looking for, I really appreciate for this great information.  numero voyance
  30. Camelia Veronica | Oct 28, 2018
  31. digitinc | Oct 28, 2018
    This is one awesome blog. Keep posting and update the information. Agencia Octopus
  32. digitinc | Oct 26, 2018
    Your article is very useful and has good knowledge. I appreciate your efforts and all the best. It's very useful information. voyante marocaine tres forte
  33. Fiona | Oct 26, 2018
    Thank you so much. This is very helpful for me
  34. edward fox | Oct 25, 2018
    Hey! Good stuff, please keep us posted when you post something like that! link building
  35. digitinc | Oct 24, 2018
    This is exactly the information I'm looking for, I really appreciate for this great information.  Buy Instagram Followers
  36. Rosemarie | Oct 23, 2018
    Very true and inspiring article. I strongly believe all your points. I also learnt a lot from your post. Cheers and thank you for the clear path!! Male Enhancement Reviews
  37. Emma | Oct 23, 2018

    We are a technical support team as a third party.If you are facing hp printer setup. You can contact our technical team.We have a well-trained technician who resolves your issues any time. You can contact our toll free number +1-888-524-8688.


  38. Emma | Oct 23, 2018

    We are a technical support team as a third party.If you are facing hp printer setup. You can contact our technical team.We have a well-trained technician who resolves your issues any time. You can contact our toll free number +1-888-524-8688.

    <a href="">hp Printer technical support phone number</a>

    <a href="">hp printer number</a>

    <a href="">hp printer contact number</a> 

    <a href="">hp printer customer service</a>

    <a href="">hp printer customer service number</a>

    <a href="">hp printer error codes</a>

    <a href="">hp printer showing offline</a>

    <a href="">hp printer and scan doctor</a>

    <a href="">hp scan doctor</a>

    <a href="">HP Printer Setup</a>

  39. abas | Oct 23, 2018
  40. rina | Oct 23, 2018
  41. jacky | Oct 22, 2018
    Hey there! Great post! Please  when I will see a follow up! link building
  42. peel and stick backsplash | Oct 21, 2018
    Home decor <a href="">peel and stick backsplash</a> for kitchen and bathroom
  43. peel and stick backsplash | Oct 21, 2018
    Home decor [url=]peel and stick backsplash[/url]
  44. edward fox | Oct 21, 2018
    Hey there! Great post! Please  when I will see a follow up! high trust flow backlinks
  45. peter | Oct 20, 2018
    White Rock Realtors that serve the White Rock and South Surrey area. Get the Top 1% Realtors in White Rock to help you list your home. Get extra exposure with the White Rock Real Estate Marketing pros. Becky Zhou PREC is your best way to get any presale condo you dream for. White Rock Presale Condos
  46. Pengobatan Alami Terbaik | Oct 20, 2018
  47. obat herbal alami | Oct 20, 2018
    I can only express a word of thanks. Because with the content on this blog I can add knowledge I,  thank has been sharing this information. Do not forget to visit our website to share information and knowledge about health. Cara Menghilangkan Sekelan Cara Mengobati Radang Telinga Solusi Pengobatan Alami Obat Penghilang Singkayo Cara Mengeluarkan Dahak Membandel
  48. rohmat | Oct 19, 2018
  49. mastur | Oct 19, 2018
  50. Ali | Oct 17, 2018
    I truly thank you for the profitable data provided for me. much thanks to you for sharing.  Amazing article! kollagen 11000 30 fiole la pret de 20

    Leave a comment

    The photographs show just how varied the work that women undertook was: and the variety of new skills that therefore had to the taught and obtained. This new workforce, alongside the remaining male workers, not only delivered munitions but also worked on other weapons and in back offices and research roles. Both at home and on the Continent women worked in forestry, medicine and as drivers.

    Click here to read the full paper and discussions. Or here to read about the Royal Small Arms Factory in Enfield.

    Views from the Home Front

    Oliver Heaviside, seen here, became a telegraph clerk for the Anglo-Danish Telegraph Company, later the Great Northern Telegraph Company, in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1868. After 1874, he began work on a series of problems in telegraphy and signal transmission using experimentation, mathematics and vector analysis. He had long and famous disagreements with Sir William Henry Preece over the introduction of inductance to long distance communication cables to improve the transmission of signals, amongst others and was an active letter writer. Heaviside continued his correspondence with leading engineers and scientists throughout the war. They contain commentary on the war, including personal views.

    Poisonous gases were one area of debate, between Heaviside and the Oxford University lecturer Dr CV Burton. In 1915 Burton went to work in the Royal Aircraft Factory, Department H (Physics) at Farnborough; he was killed in an explosion there in 1917. His views on the use of poisonous gases offer a window into how people at home felt about aggressive methods at the front:

    “If it is merely a question of dirty tricks played on occasion, like white flag treachery, we needn’t follow the methods of the enemy; but when methods are resorted to which give an advantage to the user and may be or paramount military importance, we can’t afford to fight such a one-sided battle, whatever degree of barbarity may be involved. Don’t you agree? One needn’t be vindictive enough to choose a specially painful way when more humane means are available, but I’m afraid any gases which can be used in sufficient quantities to be effective will cause fearful suffering. We can’t help that: the alternative is to let ourselves to be beaten, because we are too considerate to fight the enemy with his own weapons; which would mean that the chlorine-fiends would rule the earth”.

    Ironically it was phosgene (used as a chemical weapon) which killed him. Burton would also share anecdotes of his wartime work and experiences:

    “One of our pilots had a thrilling adventure the other day. He started from Farnborough to take a new type of machine to the front: it is about 1 ½ hours flight. As he was nearing the French coast, in driving rain, the engine suddenly seized, the propeller smashed with the sudden stoppage, & bits of the engine flew about, some of them penetrating the wings. He could see no land, and took off his coat and waistcoat in readiness for a plunge into the foaming sea (it was very rough). Then he caught sight of a blacking object that looked like Boulogne pier & made for it;... say 120 m.p.h. The ambulance people rushed out to his assistance, but he had managed to turn up-wind, and alight in a field without further mishap.”

    Another correspondent was George Frederick Charles Searle, he informed Heaviside how Burton died:

    “Burton was killed about 15 or 16 months ago at the Royal Aircraft ’Establishment’ (late ‘Factory’). He was doing something with Phosgene, a very poisonous gas. This is easily liquefied and he had a ‘syphon’ (like a soda water syphon) of the liquid. The bottle burst (it was not at high pressure). Burton got the stuff all over him. He seemed at first as if he had just recovered but a few hours later died.” Tragically, Searle goes on to say, ‘Mrs Burton a day or two later took poison and died also.”

    Through letters we get a glimpse of how people, indirectly, involved in the war felt and saw the conflict: Burton offers a pragmatic view which may seem shocking in today's context; he also though offers a 'fun' boys own adventure story, which suggests an element of enthusiasm for the excitement of war.

    Oliver Heaviside (1850-1925). Read his biography in Resources.

    Burton’s last letter to Heaviside (he died 4 weeks later) dated 30 December 1916
    Burton’s last letter to Heaviside (he died 4 weeks later) dated 30 Dec 1916.

    Ellis papers and image,
    NAEST 155/3 IET Archives.


    Factory workers, IMechE Archive except for the following used with thanks to Tyne and Wear Archive for image A7774/2 Lathe operator at Heaton Works, 1914-1918 (first in gallery) and to Imperial War Museum for images Q 30040 Women workers at the National Shell Filling Factory, Chilwell and Q106565 Members of the Women’s Forestry Corps in Sussex.

    Heaverside portrait and letter excerpt, IET Archive.