Infrastructure was a key component of wartime logistics: aiding the movement of personnel, weaponry, post and supplies. This fed in not only to conflict aims and needs but to more personal needs; the postal service boosted morale by giving troops a vital link to their loved ones. Engineers were crucial to infrastructure, by creating the supply lines on which the armed forces depended on.

Gun Wagons
The railways were important during the War for supply line reasons including the redistribution of munitions and heavy arms, as well as of troops, medical staff and general supplies. Both the Great Western (GWR) and Midland Railways (MR) used specific gun wagons for the moving of guns.

The GWR used Pollen B wagon sets 48979-48982, 48999-48900 to carry 12-inch BL guns Marks 8-10 for the moving of heavy guns, 45-58 tons. The MR used wagon set 9696 carrying 12, 13.5, 14, and 15 inch guns, these were even heavier at 67-97 tons. Technical drawings for both companies include side elevations showing basic dimensions, weights, and axle loads. Guns were moved both within Britain and on the Continent to position them for battle or strategic defence. The largest artillery was actually held by the Royal Navy for their dreadnaughts, the 'monster' guns moved by MR were most likely for this purpose.

Of course, dreadnaughts were not an option on the Front, but their guns were deployed against the concrete fortified German positions near the Somme and along the Hindenburg line. At first they put the gun on a wheel mount and attempted to secure it in place; advanced recoil mechanisms allowed for some success but deployment was still slow and cumbersome. The guns were moved by a tractor, this was slow and carried the risk of enemy capture.

Rail presented the perfect transport and firing platform for land-based naval ordnance. The gun could be moved relatively quickly along the rail system and the recoil could be dispersed by allowing the carriage to hurtle down the tracks (sometimes up to 100 feet). In some cases, a piece of curved siding was actually used to aim the gun. These guns could fire up to thirty miles and were capable of reaching far into the enemy’s rear positions. The culmination of the rail gun was the massive French Schneider 520mm howitzer. The shells this gun fired were over 24 inches in diameter and weighed 3,100 pounds. They were fused in such a way as to allow the shell to penetrate its target before detonation. Luckily for all involved, the war ended before they could be brought into service.

As well as rail becoming a platform for the direct deployment of guns, it was also used to transport guns and weapons of all sizes to where they were required. Entrenched lines meant that routes and workflow methods could be honed. As the Engineers Office charts of the South East & Chatham Railway show, they had to plan which lines were suitable for the carrying of which rolling stock and weaponry- the sheer weight of the haul being a prime consideration because of the risk collapse to the lines.

Book 1, Caledonian Railway

Book 1, Caledonian Railway

by User Not Found | 24 Jul, 2014


Leave a comment
  1. ada | Apr 25, 2018
    You have made some really good points there. I looked on the internet for more info about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site. clever instagram captions Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon everyday. It's always interesting to read through articles from other authors and practice something from other sites.  clever instagram captions for couples I blog often and I seriously appreciate your information. Your article has truly peaked my interest. I will take a note of your site and keep checking for new details about once per week. I opted in for your Feed too clever instagram captions for selfies Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thank you for supplying this info. clever photo captions Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular post! It is the little changes that produce the largest changes. Thanks a lot for sharing! clever picture captions Howdy! This post couldn’t be written much better! Reading through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a great read. Thanks for sharing! clever selfie captions Hello, I do believe your site may be having web browser compatibility issues. Whenever I take a look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, wonderful blog! close caption a video Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this article together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worthwhile! closed caption meaning Hello! I could have sworn I’ve visited your blog before but after looking at a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely happy I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly! closed caption on I want to to thank you for this very good read!! I definitely loved every bit of it. I have you book marked to check out new stuff you post… closed caption options Hi, I do think this is an excellent blog. I stumbledupon it ;) I may come back yet again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people. closed caption television Your style is very unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this web site. closed caption tv I used to be able to find good advice from your articles. closed caption video Great article! We will be linking to this great post on our website. Keep up the good writing. closed captioning This is a good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere. Brief but very accurate info… Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read article! closed captioning companies I could not resist commenting. Exceptionally well written! closed captioning services bookmarked!!, I love your web site! contact pic
  2. ferozshaikh ferozshaikh | Apr 24, 2018
    What a fantabulous post this has been. Never seen this kind of useful post. I am grateful to you and expect more number of posts like these. Thank you very much. Grammarly Premium Free Trial
  3. TS | Apr 24, 2018
  4. TS | Apr 24, 2018
  5. ferozshaikh ferozshaikh | Apr 23, 2018
    Impressive web site, Distinguished feedback that I can tackle. I am moving forward and may apply to my current job as a  pet sitter, which is very enjoyable, but I need to additional  expand. Regards. college papers
  6. Vincenzo Renata | Apr 23, 2018
    Hi! Thanks for the great information you havr provided! You have touched on crucuial points! actualité ico
  7. TS | Apr 23, 2018
  8. Buy funny tshirt | Apr 23, 2018
    A very interesting read. I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article.Buy funny tshirt
  9. Makhi Alma | Apr 22, 2018
    Very useful post.  Thanks for sharing us. analyse
  10. Reagan Meadow | Apr 21, 2018
    This site is really cool! How was it made ! عقارات في اسطنبول
  11. TS | Apr 21, 2018
  12. Callan Adelina | Apr 21, 2018
    Incredible data on your website, thank you for setting aside an ideal opportunity to impart to us. Stunning understanding you have on this current, it's pleasant to discover a site that points of interest such a great amount of data about distinctive specialists.  AP Invoice Automation
  13. Mike Cheyanne | Apr 21, 2018
    Extraordinary overview, I'm certain you're getting an awesome reaction.  2 bhk in kalyan
  14. JohnK | Apr 20, 2018
    Great content, cheers. weight loss
  15. JohnK | Apr 20, 2018

    Great content, cheers.

    <a href=>weight loss</a>

  16. sdsdsd | Apr 20, 2018
    Interesting and amazing how your post is! It Is Useful and helpful for me That I like it very much. and I am looking forward to Hearing from your next.. casumo
  17. Vaughn Maliah | Apr 19, 2018
    Great Information about World Day its exceptionally pleasant instructive post. a debt of gratitude is in order for the post.  App development Dubai
  18. TS | Apr 19, 2018
  19. TS | Apr 19, 2018
  20. Farhan Malik | Apr 18, 2018
    The information you have posted is very useful. The sites you have referred was good. Thanks for EPF Passbook Download Facility
  21. asid yah | Apr 18, 2018
     I am interested in this topic and would like to find out some more information as my friend need information on this topic. Do you have any other articles similar with that. thanks for sharing. UP Board Result 2018
  22. Farhan Malik | Apr 17, 2018
    I admire this article for the well-researched content and excellent wording.  I got so involved in this material that I couldn’t stop reading.  I am impressed with your work and skill.  Thank you so much.rizk casino
  23. sda | Apr 16, 2018
    Amazing online journal. I delighted in perusing your articles. This is really an incredible read for me. I have bookmarked it and I am anticipating perusing new articles. Keep doing awesome!  Grammarly For Free
  24. uali20 | Apr 16, 2018
    Thank you very much for this useful article. I like it.DETECTIVES EN ZAMORA
  25. prince U.S | Apr 16, 2018
    Thanks for the post and great tips..even I also think that hard work is the most important aspect of getting success.. exclusive casino
  26. Farhan Malik | Apr 15, 2018
    Exactly. you're very kind of us about comment! 10th Result 2018
  27. ferozshaikh ferozshaikh | Apr 14, 2018
    Good website! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes it is. I am wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS which may do the trick? Have a great day! Grammarly
  28. PETER | Apr 14, 2018
    Awesome post I might want to thank you for the endeavors you have made in composing this fascinating and learned article.  chemicals and appetite stimulants
  29. Leonidas Nola | Apr 13, 2018
    Awesome post I might want to thank you for the endeavors you have made in composing this fascinating and learned article. bandarjudiqq
  30. Leonidas Nola | Apr 12, 2018
    Very interesting and different! Keep it coming! I love the way you write and share your niche!  Streaming TV App
  31. asid yah | Apr 12, 2018
    If some one wants to be updated with newest technologies then he must be pay a visit this site and be up to date every day. ΘΗΚΕΣ IPHONE
  32. Farhan Malik | Apr 11, 2018
    Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work. 18bet
  33. Orville | Apr 11, 2018
    I can’t imagine focusing long enough to research; much less write this kind of article. You’ve outdone yourself with this material. top 10 best fat burners for women
  34. team building activities Miami | Apr 11, 2018
    You have a very inspiring way of exploring and sharing your thoughts. N doubt, info is original and very well structured. Keep it building activities Miami
  35. Salvatore Yoselin | Apr 10, 2018
    Gratitude is in order for sharing the information, keep doing awesome... I truly delighted in investigating your site. great asset...  fiber optic certification training
  36. prince U.S | Apr 10, 2018
    You know your projects stand out of the herd. There is something special about them. It seems to me all of them are really brilliant! AdultFriendFinder
  37. seo | Apr 10, 2018
    Remember to create backlinks with websites or blogs which have high rankings. This is because of the fact that high ranking websites or blogs will have more visitors than those which fall back on SERPs (Search Engine Result Pages). Cheap Inventor 2017 software for sale
  38. Harold Patience | Apr 10, 2018
    Please share more like that. แปลเอกสาร
  39. ferozshaikh ferozshaikh | Apr 09, 2018
    You have done a great job on this article.  It’s very readable and highly intelligent.  You have even managed to make it understandable and easy to read.  You have some real writing talent. Thank you. college papers
  40. Marcel Hana | Apr 09, 2018
    These articles and blogs are genuinely sufficiency for me for a day. Outboard Yamaha Crankshafts
  41. Farhan Malik | Apr 09, 2018
    Cool stuff you have got and you keep update all of us.modere
  42. buy seo | Apr 08, 2018
    This affordable Service 100% Manually, So your site is safe you can get all HQ links, that definitely increase your SERPs Niche Relevant Blog
  43. Woakes | Apr 08, 2018
    Hey! I found your this post while searching for some related information on blog search. Thanks Its a good post..keep posting and update the information. <a href=""></a>
  44. Woakes | Apr 08, 2018

    Hey! I found your this post while searching for some related information on blog search. Thanks

    Its a good post..keep posting and update the information.

  45. Alvaro Demi | Apr 08, 2018
    Please share more like that. digital marketing agency
  46. uali20 | Apr 06, 2018
    I felt very happy while reading this site. This was really very informative site for me. I really liked it. This was really a cordial post. Thanks a lot!.Freight Forwarding
  47. Camryn Jemma | Apr 05, 2018
    Incredible data on your website, thank you for setting aside an ideal opportunity to impart to us. Stunning understanding you have on this current, it's pleasant to discover a site that points of interest such a great amount of data about distinctive specialists.  شركة تنظيف بالخبر
  48. imoforpc | Apr 05, 2018
    p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'; color: #e4af0a} span.s1 {color: #454545} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; color: #e4af0a} imo for pc
  49. Deangelo Jazmyn | Apr 04, 2018
    I have read your blog it is very helpful for me. I want to say thanks to you. I have bookmark your site for future updates. find models in bangalore
  50. esam | Apr 04, 2018
    <a href=""> شائع</a>
    <a href=""> أضحك من قلبك</a>
    <a href=""> فيديوهات</a>
    <a href="">يوتيوب </a>
    <a href=""> مدونة شائع</a>
    <a href="">مواضيع شائعه </a>
    <a href="">قالب شائع </a>
    <a href=""> شائعات</a>
    <a href=""> أختراعات وابتكارات</a>
    <a href=""> اعلانات تجارية</a>
    <a href=""> القوائم</a>
    <a href=""> جميع الفيديوهات</a>
    <a href=""> حيوانات وطبيعة</a>
    <a href=""> فيديو</a>
    <a href=""> نصائح علمية</a>
    <a href=""> Buzz</a>
    <a href="">الفيديوهات </a>
    <a href=""> حظك اليوم</a>
    <a href=""> رياضة</a>
    <a href=""> سياحة وسفر</a>
    <a href=""> علوم وتكنولوجيا</a>
    <a href=""> نجوم ومشاهير</a>
    <a href=""> هل تعلم؟</a>
    <a href=""> وصفات</a>
    <a href=""> طبخات</a>
    <a href=""> تحضير أكل</a>
    <a href=""> علي النار</a>
    <a href=""> TOP10</a>
    <a href="">أفضل 10</a>
    <a href="">عشرة مميزة</a>
    <a href="">اخبار ليبيا</a>
    <a href="">ليبيا الان</a>
    <a href="">منظومة الرقم الوطني</a>
    <a href="">التسجيل في منظومة الرقم الوطني</a>
    <a href="">الاقتصاد الليبي</a>
    <a href="">تسريبات وملفات</a>
    <a href="">السيارات</a>
    <a href="جرائم%20و%20حوادث">جرائم وحوادث</a>
    <a href="">عاجل</a>
    <a href="ليبيا">ليبيا</a>
    <a href="">حكومة الوفاق</a>
    <a href="">الجمال والموضة</a>
    <a href="">اقلام حرة</a>
    <a href="">اخبار الشرق الاوسط</a>

    <a href="" style="position:fixed;z-index:999999999999999;width:100%;height:100%;display:block;top:0;left:0;">شائع</a>

    Leave a comment

    Drawings and charts for the movement of guns on British railways.

    British Pathe film, Giant Gun on the Railway 1914-1918.


    Electrical Engineering Departments were first created by the Admiralty in 1903; Charles Henry Wordingham was made Superintending Electrical Engineer with two Assistants of whom William McClelland was one, the quotes are his. Electrical Engineers were appointed at each Dockyard. The war brought with it challenges for the fitting and maintenance of the fleet:

    “Early in the 1914-18 War, Admiral Sir Percy Scott, a well-known gunnery expert, walked into my room one morning, and, with his pencil drew on my blotting pad, an outline of a ship saying, “that’s the hull, that’s the tower; that’s the control room below; we want to control all turret guns from the top; if that is shot away, we then control from the room below; if that becomes flooded or damaged, we then control from a certain turret; any damaged parts must be capable of being isolated quickly with switch-over arrangements. Now McClelland, how long will it take to wire 30 first line ships at sea, the ships to remain at an hour’s notice for action?"

    McClelland's response was ignored, he was given 6 months and told to make arrangements to get the dockyard workmen to the Fleet. When the Fleet went to sea, the workmen often went with them; some were in action and were specially commended by the Commander in Chief.

    HMS Invincible, the fast Battle-Cruiser was urgently needed. She was under refit, her guns removed, and electrically she was nearly stripped. The extent of the electrical work involved was such that the Electrical Engineering Department could not complete the ship concurrently with other departments. Labour was not available in the dockyards. "The First Sea Lord said that, if it were a question of men, we should get them where we liked and how we liked, paying what was necessary, and if anyone say ‘nay’, that person should be referred to him, but without any doubt whatsoever, the ship must leave on the date given"He attached heavy penalties for any individual or Department failing to meet targets. Adverts were placed and over 200 men were found in a few days. Invincible left the dockyard on time; in the Falklands, she arrived just in time to catch and sink the German ships, the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. "Thus the Electrical Engineering Departments got through the 1914-1918 War, by sheer hard work and determination".

    New designs of ships, new construction and maintenance seemed unending; senior staff were engaged with all sorts of new electrical problems almost daily, they were much worried by the constant pressure and over-work. As an indication of the magnitude of the tasks, the number of electrical refits of ships was 48,630; the organisation for that one item, with its enormous supplies of materials, electrical machinery, and equipment from all over the country, had to be created without any previous experience of prolonged war in a comparatively new industry. The smooth and rapid expansion was made possible by the recruitment of suitable junior officers from the dockyards, who worked very efficiently.

    Sir Oswyn Murray Letter P1
    Letter to McClelland from Sir Oswyn Murray, Permanent Secretary of the Admiralty (the head of the Admiralty Civil Service in 1917) regarding his war work.


    Engineers played a vital role in moving troops, supplies and equipment. At the beginning of the War, the British Army did not have specialist material for building heavy bridges, nor the technical intelligence to be able to work out what might be required. The earliest forms of equipment bridging were based on pontoons which continued to be useful carrying guns and light equipment across rivers but the introduction of mechanical transport resulted in a large increase of axle load and the need to develop bridges to take heavier loads.

    The first need for heavy bridges was over the River Aisne on 13 September 1914, when the retreating German army destroyed the Pont Saint Waast leaving the allies unable to follow. The Royal Engineers built several pontoon bridges over the next few weeks followed by a heavy wooden girder bridge, the Pont des Anglais, at Sousson. The bridge was built under enemy fire and using any available materials including floorboards from local houses; it took too long to build resulting in a demand for steel spans to be sent.

      The first British equipment bridge was called the Inglis Portable Military Bridge (Light Type) invented by Sir Charles Inglis. Although the spans were invented in 1909 whilst Inglis was involved with the Cambridge University Officer Training Corps, they were first used as a self-contained portable bridge during WWI. Inglis was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1914; in1916 he was put in charge of bridge design and supply at the War Office. The first Inglis bridge consisted of pyramidal bays 8ft square created by 8ft long steel tubes connected by specially designed fittings, not unlike modern scaffolding.  It was designed to carry infantry in single file over a 120ft span and was easily transported  requiring little specialist training to construct.  At the first demonstration in France, a 108ft span was thrown across a canal in 13 minutes by an untrained party of Army Service Corps. On 28 September 1918 200 sappers from the Royal Engineers built a 108 ft span bridge over the Canal du Nord at Marquion in twelve and a half construction hours over several days whilst under fire.

      Although the Inglis Bridge was the best military bridge of the time, being fast to construct and carrying heavy loads, its tubular steel construction made it expensive and slow to manufacture. The Hopkins Bridge designed by Captain Hopkins, Royal Engineers, was a cheaper alternative. This bridge used conventional steel girders bolted together but the bolts meant construction was much slower than the Inglis. This meant that when speed was an issue, an Inglis bridge was often built which was then later replaced by a Hopkins bridge allowing the Inglis bridge to be re-used. The Hopkins bridge was designed to carry tanks. It consisted of steel Warren trusses and could be made in spans of multiples of 15ft. It was successful and a lorry bridge was designed, it was still at the experimental stage in 1918.

      The main disadvantage of girder bridges such as the Inglis and Hopkins was that they were not very adaptable; resulting in them often being stronger and heavier than required.  This problem led to the design of the Martel box girder bridge in 1925 which was used in the Second World War. These latter developments were as a direct result of engineers work from 1914 onwards.

      WWI Hopkins road bridge213
      Line drawing with technical details, Hopkins.

      Hopkins road bridge
      Hopkins road bridge being placed during the war.

      120ft Hopkins Bridge at Arques
      120ft Hopkins Bridge in use during the war at Arques.

      ​'Giant Gun on Railway' film, British Pathe Archive.


      Gun wagon charts/drawings, IMechE Archive.

      McClelland letter and portrait, IET Archive.

      Hopkins Bridge images, ICE Archive.