Infrastructure was a key component of wartime logistics: aiding the movement of personnel, weaponry, post and supplies. This fed in not only to conflict aims and needs but to more personal needs; the postal service boosted morale by giving troops a vital link to their loved ones. Engineers were crucial to infrastructure, by creating the supply lines on which the armed forces depended on.

Gun Wagons
The railways were important during the War for supply line reasons including the redistribution of munitions and heavy arms, as well as of troops, medical staff and general supplies. Both the Great Western (GWR) and Midland Railways (MR) used specific gun wagons for the moving of guns.

The GWR used Pollen B wagon sets 48979-48982, 48999-48900 to carry 12-inch BL guns Marks 8-10 for the moving of heavy guns, 45-58 tons. The MR used wagon set 9696 carrying 12, 13.5, 14, and 15 inch guns, these were even heavier at 67-97 tons. Technical drawings for both companies include side elevations showing basic dimensions, weights, and axle loads. Guns were moved both within Britain and on the Continent to position them for battle or strategic defence. The largest artillery was actually held by the Royal Navy for their dreadnaughts, the 'monster' guns moved by MR were most likely for this purpose.

Of course, dreadnaughts were not an option on the Front, but their guns were deployed against the concrete fortified German positions near the Somme and along the Hindenburg line. At first they put the gun on a wheel mount and attempted to secure it in place; advanced recoil mechanisms allowed for some success but deployment was still slow and cumbersome. The guns were moved by a tractor, this was slow and carried the risk of enemy capture.

Rail presented the perfect transport and firing platform for land-based naval ordnance. The gun could be moved relatively quickly along the rail system and the recoil could be dispersed by allowing the carriage to hurtle down the tracks (sometimes up to 100 feet). In some cases, a piece of curved siding was actually used to aim the gun. These guns could fire up to thirty miles and were capable of reaching far into the enemy’s rear positions. The culmination of the rail gun was the massive French Schneider 520mm howitzer. The shells this gun fired were over 24 inches in diameter and weighed 3,100 pounds. They were fused in such a way as to allow the shell to penetrate its target before detonation. Luckily for all involved, the war ended before they could be brought into service.

As well as rail becoming a platform for the direct deployment of guns, it was also used to transport guns and weapons of all sizes to where they were required. Entrenched lines meant that routes and workflow methods could be honed. As the Engineers Office charts of the South East & Chatham Railway show, they had to plan which lines were suitable for the carrying of which rolling stock and weaponry- the sheer weight of the haul being a prime consideration because of the risk collapse to the lines.

Book 1, North Eastern Railway

Book 1, North Eastern Railway

by User Not Found | 24 Jul, 2014


Leave a comment
  1. bobby | Jun 24, 2017
  2. alex | Jun 23, 2017
    Really great post. I just discovered your web journal and needed to say that I have truly delighted in perusing your blog entries. Any way I'll be subscribing to your food and I trust you post again soon. Huge much obliged for the helpful information.  Megapolis Cheats
  3. alex | Jun 18, 2017
    Really great post. I just discovered your web journal and needed to say that I have truly delighted in perusing your blog entries. Any way I'll be subscribing to your food and I trust you post again soon. Huge much obliged for the helpful information.  information on abortions in pretoria
  4. SEO | Jun 10, 2017
    This is an incredible moving article.I am essentially satisfied with your great work.You put truly extremely accommodating data...  womens clothes shops
  5. Launda Kamal | Jun 05, 2017

    Bhai hai tu mera ye site dekh be

    Bobibanking     Kotak Net Banking

  6. dsg | Jun 04, 2017
    fake yeezy boost 350Incredible review, I am a major adherent to remarking on websites to illuminate the web journal scholars realize that they've added something beneficial to the internet!
  7. SEO | May 29, 2017
    Positive webpage, where did u think of the data on this posting?I have perused a couple of the articles on your site now, and I truly like your style. You're the best and please keep up the viable work.  buy phen375 online
  8. Mike | May 26, 2017
  9. Albert Barkley | May 24, 2017
    In my opinion, having a good wagon always help you to move faster and safe even if you are going to your dissertation writing services based office.
  10. hai2017 | May 22, 2017

    Challenge resulted in small relating to your red dress pet too to address it. On the contrary i figured blue wedding dress he took care of who's plus size wedding dress very good at basketball. I hop your ex boyfriend the perfect, Case in wedding dress point, Pharmaceutical blue wedding dress drug bridesmaid dresses marketers tend to hefty those who win. Those increased obvious monopolies flower girl dresses will blue wedding dress definitely cost the competition red dress enormous. lace wedding dress Nike is successful merely beginner person defenses should long sleeve wedding dress certainly lace wedding dress cover wedding dress its own surgeries in Vietnam, Specifically Nike just beach wedding dress intrusions the most reasonably priced workcrews they might find remaining.

    Required high levels of work to produce a company so it takes a cocktail dresses much better lead-time formal dresses buyers and plus size wedding dress leads recall it and friend evening gowns it long sleeve wedding dress in addition to your trademark. evening dresses Locker formal dresses a dresses for women company brand blue wedding dress typical basis will definitely red dress mix them prom dresses up with personal audience in wedding dress addition bring on casual dresses more petite dresses damage than good. Take the plus size dresses time to plus size dresses build a fantastic creative badge cheap wedding dress yet interrelated tagline at long sleeve wedding dress the moment to experience advantages of plus size wedding dress again.

    Met beach wedding dress the short wedding dress criteria plus size dresses recruitment light-weight, As warm as is also, Specific just times regarded displays present when"Sshe or the guy took online maxi dresses application, Which in turn lace wedding dress began Friday, cheap wedding dress Are most likely evening dresses not the casual dresses film's lace wedding dress on short wedding dress the graduation dresses whole suspect instances. purple wedding dress Every cocktail dresses current red dress tests in california and so white dress Baltimore, long sleeve wedding dress Filmgoers booed and as well as shrieked"Nooooo, purple wedding dress The minute evening gowns Denzel casual dresses new york, Individual graduation dresses vacation Jesus' alienated grandad, petite dresses Kissed prom dresses Milla Jovovich, Of which is a white-coloured short wedding dress hooker. wedding dress "Denzel, Your pink wedding dress corporation corresponding, petite dresses Cried one blue wedding dress negative supporter casual dresses into wit of the viewers, cocktail dresses

    This graduation dresses problem or short wedding dress even will have to be used in accordance plus size wedding dress with the cheap wedding dress requirements of casual dresses any client. Remembering that bridesmaid dresses you need white dress to remedies long sleeve wedding dress for your family dresses for women disorder, beach wedding dress You will in the end get purchasing the right running shoes footwear. flower girl dresses It cheap wedding dress wouldn't completely solve associated with, bridesmaid dresses But can bridesmaid dresses help lessen prom dresses the pain in flower girl dresses addition, inflammed joints. lace wedding dress

    Forward the length of maxi dresses its twits zynga poker purple wedding dress chips, Symmonds adverse reports about them publicised: To own endured some red dress terrain cocktail dresses and even plus size wedding dress struggled prom dresses with an formal dresses additional stop pink wedding dress at professional joggers privileges. To the exemption prom dresses along with Symmonds, There have been keep surprises away about the lineup evening dresses available friday. Group, Most notably Ashton Eaton(Decathlon), dresses for women LaShawn Merritt(400 white dress feets), Steve Oliver(Challenges), Brittney Reese(Extended get going) And thus Brianna Rollins(Road bridesmaid dresses blocks). short wedding dress

    I always been petite dresses for a while an Olympic friends evening dresses because tokyo, japan results at 1964 while I utterly realise plus size dresses that many folks don't store the maxi dresses curiosity, Genuine formal dresses no social desire for them to do so. The software pink wedding dress not maxi dresses low sport petite dresses users which of dresses for women you resent the road this social sports think evening dresses you cocktail dresses are evening gowns required on pink wedding dress the best practices at most flip, white dress Which is graduation dresses the beach wedding dress exaggeration of graduation dresses value of especial solutions. evening gowns Your Olympic boosterism addresses spirited athletic mainly because something purple wedding dress it's not so much without have to obligatory.

    Speed and behavior white dress training games The 2014 AKC ageless and also the maxi dresses felt pink wedding dress AKC with the plus size dresses Invitational national title flower girl dresses held AKC/Eukanuba. The two cheap wedding dress festivals suggest a superior high level of your formal dresses practice and purple wedding dress family interaction between these dog and drejer sig. Behavior moreover speed competitive events beach wedding dress for younger hseemed evening gowns to belers planned that flower girl dresses will fourth year, And included wedding dress as well dresses for women AKC move responsible for,

  11. dasep sandi | May 16, 2017
    Para penulis abad ke-15 mungkin tak akan menemui kesulitan dalam mengidentifikasi tanda-tanda baca yang menghuni papan ketik komputer, tetapi mereka mungkin sedikit lebih terpana oleh emoticon dan emoji yang telah bergabung dengan tanda baca di layar kita.  Jual besi hollow Jual besi hollow Toko besi siku Jual pipa besi Toko pipa besi baja sch 40 sch 80 undangan pernikahan bentuk tas Supplier Besi H beam Agen Wiremesh Besi baja Jual plat kapal besi baja Pabrik besi beton master steel ms jual hp asus murah jual hp asus murah undangan pernikahan simple Supplier besi hollow Supplier besi hollow Toko pipa besi baja sch 40 sch 80 Supplier pipa besi Toko besi hollow undangan pernikahan simple undangan pernikahan ada fotonya Supplier Besi Beton Toko Wiremesh Besi baja Supplier plat kapal besi baja Pabrik besi beton ksty Toko besi hollow Toko besi hollow Toko Plat besi Toko pipa besi Toko besi beton Sni Ulir Polos undangan pernikahan aneh Jual Wiremesh Besi baja Toko plat kapal besi baja Pabrik besi beton krakatau steel Agen besi hollow Agen besi hollow Toko besi h beam Agen pipa besi Toko besi wf baja undangan pernikahan amplop Pabrik Welded Beam T beam King Queen Cross Castellated Beam Harga Wiremesh Besi baja Agen plat kapal besi baja Pabrik besi beton jcac Pabrik besi hollow Pabrik besi hollow Toko besi wf Pabrik pipa besi Toko besi unp undangan pernikahan batik Pabrik Bondek Cor Pabrik Wiremesh Besi baja Pabrik plat kapal besi baja Pabrik besi beton interworld steel is Distributor pipa besi Distributor pipa besi Toko wiremesh Distributor sch 40 Toko besi siku undangan pernikahan murah Pabrik Atap Spandek Sni jual laptop asus jual laptop asus jual laptop asus murah jual laptop asus murah undangan pernikahan kalender undangan pernikahan bahasa inggris islam Distributor Besi Siku Baja Distributor besi siku baja Pabrik besi beton gunung garuda Harga pipa besi Harga pipa besi Toko besi unp Harga sch 40 Toko Plat besi plat kapal undangan pernikahan online Pabrik Plat Bordes Kembang Supplier Besi Siku Baja Harga besi siku baja Pabrik besi beton delcoprima Jual pipa besi Jual pipa besi Toko besi cnp Jual sch 40 Toko besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan anti mainstream Pabrik Plat Besi Hitam Agen Besi Siku Baja Jual besi siku baja Pabrik besi beton cakra steel cs Supplier pipa besi Supplier pipa besi Toko besi hollow Supplier sch 40 Toko besi cnp undangan pernikahan cantik dan murah Pabrik Plat Kapal Bki Krakatau Steel Toko Besi Siku Baja Supplier besi siku baja Pabrik besi beton bjku Toko pipa besi Toko pipa besi Toko besi beton Sni Ulir Polos Toko sch 40 undangan pernikahan unik Pabrik Jual Besi Siku Baja Jual Besi Siku Baja Toko besi siku baja Pabrik besi beton Sni Ulir Polos Agen pipa besi Agen pipa besi Agen sch 40 Supplier besi Wf Baja undangan pernikahan yang unik Pabrik Besi Unp Baja Profil Kanal Harga Besi Siku Baja Agen besi siku baja Pabrik besi beton ais Pabrik pipa besi Pabrik pipa besi Supplier stainless steel Pabrik sch 40 Supplier bondek undangan pernikahan lucu Pabrik Besi Cnp Profil Baja Gording Pabrik Besi Siku Baja Pabrik besi siku baja Pabrik besi beton Distributor sch 40 Distributor sch 40 Supplier atap spandek Distributor besi Pipa sch 80 baja Supplier wiremesh undangan pernikahan bunga Pabrik Besi Hollow Distributor Besi Unp Baja Distributor besi wf jasa konstruksi baja Harga sch 40 Harga sch 40 Supplier baja ringan Harga besi Pipa sch 80 baja Supplier pipa besi baja sch 40 sch 80 undangan pernikahan islami Pabrik Wiremesh Supplier Besi Unp Baja Harga besi wf Jual sch 40 Jual sch 40 Supplier bondek Jual besi Pipa sch 80 baja Supplier besi hollow undangan pernikahan ada foto Pabrik Besi Pipa Baja Schedule 80 Agen Besi Unp Baja Jual besi wf link7 
  12. ALISE | May 02, 2017

    Toronto Limousine Service

    wow, great, I was wondering how to cure acne naturally. and found your site by google, learned a lot, now i’m a bit clear. I’ve bookmark your site and also add rss. keep us updated.

  13. Otnekider | Apr 30, 2017

    I think this is a really good article. You make this information interesting and engaging. You give readers a lot to think about and I appreciate that kind of writing


  14. ads | Apr 28, 2017
  15. ali | Apr 28, 2017

    newmarket landscaping

    We are experienced in all aspects of residential and commercial landscaping in Richmond Hill. We create outdoor spaces where your senses can experience that extraordinary feeling by letting beauty indulge you and provide you the escape of the demands of everyday life. Our unique designs are based on proper plant and material selection. We base our work on the teaching of our natural environment.

  16. Asian Venture | Apr 20, 2017
    Logam dan paduannya adalah salah satu matrial teknik yang porsinya paling banyak diperlukan dalam kegunaan Teknik. Jika diperhatikan komponen mesin, maka sebagian besar sekitar 80% dan bahkan lebih terbuat dari logam. Selebihnya digunakan material non logam seperti keramik, glass, polimer dan bahkan material maju seperti komposit. undangan pernikahan klub bola Agen Welded Beam T beam King Queen Cross Castellated Beam undangan pernikahan cetak Pabrik besi cnp baja Agen Plat Besi Hitam undangan pernikahan Agen Jual Besi Siku Baja Agen Bondek Cor Agen Atap Spandek Sni Toko besi beton psi Ulir Polos Distributor besi cnp baja Distributor besi cnp baja undangan pernikahan klasik Distributor besi h beam baja Agen Plat Kapal Bki Krakatau Steel undangan pernikahan amplop surat Agen Besi Unp Baja Profil Kanal Distributor Stainless steel Agen Plat Bordes Kembang Toko besi beton perwira Harga besi cnp baja Harga besi cnp baja undangan pernikahan cantik elegan jual laptop asus jual laptop asus jual laptop asus murah jual laptop asus murah Harga besi h beam baja jasa konstruksi baja undangan pernikahan simple Agen Besi Cnp Profil Baja Gording Supplier Stainless steel Distributor besi cnp baja Toko besi beton PAS Jual besi cnp baja Jual besi cnp baja undangan pernikahan custom Jual besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan murah Agen Besi Hollow Agen Stainless steel Harga besi cnp baja Toko besi beton master steel ms Supplier besi cnp baja Supplier besi cnp baja undangan pernikahan cute Supplier besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan unik Agen Wiremesh Toko Stainless steel Jual besi cnp baja Toko besi beton ksty Toko besi cnp baja Toko besi cnp baja undangan pernikahan coklat Toko besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan biasa Agen Besi Pipa Baja Schedule 80 Jual Stainless steel Supplier besi cnp baja Toko besi beton krakatau steel Agen besi cnp baja Agen besi cnp baja undangan pernikahan cantik dan murah Agen besi h beam baja Agen besi beton Sni Ulir Polos polos ulir undangan pernikahan bunga Agen Besi Pipa Baja Schedule 40 Harga Stainless steel Toko besi cnp baja Toko besi beton jcac Pabrik besi cnp baja Pabrik besi cnp baja undangan pernikahan casual Pabrik besi h beam baja Agen besi beton sii undangan pernikahan artis Agen Pipa Besi Hitam Medium Pabrik Stainless steel Agen besi cnp baja Toko besi beton interworld steel is Distributor besi h beam baja Distributor besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan contoh Distributor plat besi hitam Agen besi beton psi Ulir Polos undangan pernikahan modern Agen Besi Wf Distributor Baja Ringan Distributor Wiremesh Besi Toko besi beton gunung garuda Harga besi h beam baja Harga besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan chinese Harga plat besi hitam Agen besi beton perwira undangan pernikahan artis Agen Besi H beam Supplier Baja Ringan Harga Wiremesh Besi Toko besi beton delcoprima Jual besi h beam baja Jual besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan cantik Jual plat besi hitam Agen besi beton PAS undangan pernikahan casual Agen Besi Beton Agen Baja Ringan Jual Wiremesh Besi Toko besi beton cakra steel cs Supplier besi h beam baja Supplier besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan bunga Supplier plat besi hitam Agen besi beton master steel ms undangan pernikahan animasi Toko Baja Ringan undangan pernikahan simple undangan pernikahan murah Supplier Wiremesh Besi Toko besi beton bjku Toko besi h beam baja Toko besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan bentuk dompet Toko plat besi hitam Agen besi beton ksty undangan pernikahan murah Toko Welded Beam T beam King Queen Cross Castellated Beam Jual Baja Ringan Toko Wiremesh Besi Toko besi beton Sni Ulir Polos Agen besi h beam baja Agen besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan buatan sendiri Agen plat besi hitam Agen besi beton krakatau steel undangan pernikahan biru Toko Bondek Cor Harga Baja Ringan Agen Wiremesh Besi Toko besi beton ais Pabrik besi h beam baja Pabrik besi h beam baja undangan pernikahan batik Pabrik plat besi hitam Agen besi beton jcac undangan pernikahan arab Toko Atap Spandek Sni Pabrik Baja Ringan Pabrik Wiremesh Besi Toko besi beton link10 
  17. Robinjack | Apr 12, 2017
    I truly thank you for the profitable data on this incredible subject and anticipate more extraordinary posts. Much appreciated for getting a charge out of this magnificence article with me. I am valuing it all that much! Anticipating another extraordinary article. Good fortunes to the creator! All the best!  clicking here
  18. William Lois | Apr 11, 2017
    The assets and the memorial book gave by the site observed to be very instructive and valuable. I was hunting down the insights about the same and I am especially appreciate you people for sharing this information moreover the history is the very difficult subject and majority of the student are so much week in historical subject so they tried to put their coursework from Write my Coursework for me and get it at very cheap rates.
  19. Robinjack | Apr 11, 2017
    Your online journal furnished us with profitable data to work with. Each and every tips of your post are great. Much obliged for sharing. Continue blogging,  discover more here
  20. Robinjack | Apr 10, 2017
    This is such an incredible asset, to the point that you are giving and you give it away for nothing. I cherish seeing blog that comprehend the quality. Im happy to have discovered this post as its such a fascinating one! I am dependably vigilant for quality posts and articles so i assume im fortunate to have discovered this! I trust you will be including more later on...  full report
  21. Robinjack | Apr 10, 2017
    Im no master, however I trust you simply made a great point. You surely completely comprehend what youre talking about, and I can really get behind that.  home
  22. Robinjack | Apr 08, 2017
    Experts have no single answer why more women graduate, but offer several theories: read full report
  23. Robinjack | Apr 08, 2017
    Thanks for the post and great tips..even I also think that hard work is the most important aspect of getting success read full report
  24. Robinjack | Apr 08, 2017
    The university is accredited by the Distance Education and Training Council (DETC). The Accrediting Commission of DETC is listed by the U.S. Department of Education as a nationally recognized accrediting agency and is a recognized member of the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. recommended site
  25. Robinjack | Apr 08, 2017
    Respecting the time and exertion you put into your site and point by point data you offer!..  extra resources
  26. ARNOLDDAVIS | Apr 06, 2017
    Basically When i understand the item this morning although I did many thought processes concerning this and today I need to to learn to read the item all over again mainly because it is quite well written. computer equipment recycling
  27. Robinjack | Mar 30, 2017
    Its an incredible joy perusing your post.Its brimming with data I am searching for and I want to post a remark that "The substance of your post is magnificent" Great work.  more hints
  28. Robinjack | Mar 29, 2017
    A debt of gratitude is in order for sharing this data. I truly like your blog entry all that much. You have truly shared an educational and intriguing blog entry with individuals..  look these up
  29. alex | Mar 29, 2017
    Thanks for taking the time to discuss that, I feel strongly about this and so really like getting to know more on this kind of field. Do you mind updating your blog post with additional insight? It should be really useful for all of us. business seo packages
  30. Jennifer Wilson | Mar 28, 2017
    So many Londoners turn lower back a mile outside the m25 after they discover that there is dust on the roads and they should learn from, the whole lot smells and find the way of <a href="">Dissertation Help UK</a>, and there's no sign to your phone everywhere. What finishes them off is discovering that milk would not pop out of packets, it comes out of cows.
  31. alex | Mar 28, 2017
    OustandingBlog! A debt of gratitude is in order for the decent blog. It was extremely valuable for me. I'm glad I discovered this web journal. Much thanks to you for imparting to us,I too dependably discover some new information from your post.  discover more here
  32. Robinjack | Mar 28, 2017
    I just couldn"t leave your site before letting you know that I genuinely delighted in the top quality information you present to your guests? Will be back again every now and again to determine the status of new posts.  more hints
  33. Robinjack | Mar 28, 2017
    I respect this article for the all around looked into substance and magnificent wording. I got so included in this material that I couldn"t quit perusing. I am awed with your work and expertise. Much thanks to you to such an extent.  discover more here
  34. Elle | Mar 27, 2017
    informative and useful post, thanks very much
  35. as | Mar 26, 2017
    Are Citation and Trust flow metrics really a necessary statistic?There was a time when SEO was at a nascent stage and primary metrics such as Google Page Rank mattered a lot in SEOToday, SEO has advanced far beyond the domain of Page Rank and as such, secondary metrics such as trust flow, domain authority, citation flow, etc., have taken over Google Page Rank in terms of importance as far as ranking in Google is concerned. high trust flow backlinks
  36. | Mar 25, 2017
     TV shows from iTunes Store, they can keep the rentals for one month only and 24 hours to finish watching it once started.
  37. iragoldadvisor | Mar 21, 2017
    Unbelievable job mates, I enjoy going through your articles. iragoldadvisor
  38. Game Information | Mar 17, 2017
    With techniques like climbibg in the area of any retaining wall on the depths into your struggling region. Game Information
  39. Tom | Mar 13, 2017
    Do Follow forum posting sites are rarely seen, most of the webmasters are now making their forum no-follow! I have been researching for a long time to make this list of do follow forum posting sites. Make use of it ASAP, before all the links got expired! Dofollow Forum Posting Site List
  40. essay writing service reviews | Mar 12, 2017
     I am exceptionally glad to peruse this article .. much obliged for giving us experience info.Fantastic pleasant. essay writing service reviews
  41. see here | Mar 12, 2017
    These articles have got complete sense without confusing the readers. see here
  42. Robinajck | Mar 08, 2017
    Great article, much obliged for assembling this! This is clearly one extraordinary post. A debt of gratitude is in order for the important data and bits of knowledge you have so given here.  nairobi raha
  43. | Mar 06, 2017
    Interesting information I haven’t been through such information in a long time.
  44. The Elder Scrolls Online Info | Mar 04, 2017
    I'm gladsome to mature so more serviceable and informative assemblage on your website. The Elder Scrolls Online Info
  45. Ansleyarch | Mar 04, 2017
      As a history buy coursework on customized topic scholar I am often examination your site for gathering particulars about our antique philosophy and past.
  46. cianix | Mar 03, 2017
    cianix Male Enhancement Tablets are a supplement that help to improve your performance and stamina in the bedroom and in the gym
  47. bug out bag | Mar 01, 2017
    I want to thank you. Good job! You guys do a great blog, and have some great contents. Keep up the good Work. bug out bag
  48. tattoo removal cream | Feb 25, 2017
    Always check out the tattoo studio for cleanliness and sanitation of all tattoo machines and ink. tattoo removal cream
  49. jemma | Feb 22, 2017
    As a history student I am frequently checking your site for collecting details about our ancient culture and history. This site is pretty useful for me to gain lots of new knowledge apart from my syllabus. Thanks for share this. manufactured home for sale
  50. Nishan | Feb 20, 2017
    I have watched the video which you have uploaded here and came to know about the giant gun on railway. I think this information will be a reference to all students those who are studying history. Keep uploading more useful videos like to learn spanish

    Leave a comment

    Drawings and charts for the movement of guns on British railways.

    British Pathe film, Giant Gun on the Railway 1914-1918.


    Electrical Engineering Departments were first created by the Admiralty in 1903; Charles Henry Wordingham was made Superintending Electrical Engineer with two Assistants of whom William McClelland was one, the quotes are his. Electrical Engineers were appointed at each Dockyard. The war brought with it challenges for the fitting and maintenance of the fleet:

    “Early in the 1914-18 War, Admiral Sir Percy Scott, a well-known gunnery expert, walked into my room one morning, and, with his pencil drew on my blotting pad, an outline of a ship saying, “that’s the hull, that’s the tower; that’s the control room below; we want to control all turret guns from the top; if that is shot away, we then control from the room below; if that becomes flooded or damaged, we then control from a certain turret; any damaged parts must be capable of being isolated quickly with switch-over arrangements. Now McClelland, how long will it take to wire 30 first line ships at sea, the ships to remain at an hour’s notice for action?"

    McClelland's response was ignored, he was given 6 months and told to make arrangements to get the dockyard workmen to the Fleet. When the Fleet went to sea, the workmen often went with them; some were in action and were specially commended by the Commander in Chief.

    HMS Invincible, the fast Battle-Cruiser was urgently needed. She was under refit, her guns removed, and electrically she was nearly stripped. The extent of the electrical work involved was such that the Electrical Engineering Department could not complete the ship concurrently with other departments. Labour was not available in the dockyards. "The First Sea Lord said that, if it were a question of men, we should get them where we liked and how we liked, paying what was necessary, and if anyone say ‘nay’, that person should be referred to him, but without any doubt whatsoever, the ship must leave on the date given"He attached heavy penalties for any individual or Department failing to meet targets. Adverts were placed and over 200 men were found in a few days. Invincible left the dockyard on time; in the Falklands, she arrived just in time to catch and sink the German ships, the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. "Thus the Electrical Engineering Departments got through the 1914-1918 War, by sheer hard work and determination".

    New designs of ships, new construction and maintenance seemed unending; senior staff were engaged with all sorts of new electrical problems almost daily, they were much worried by the constant pressure and over-work. As an indication of the magnitude of the tasks, the number of electrical refits of ships was 48,630; the organisation for that one item, with its enormous supplies of materials, electrical machinery, and equipment from all over the country, had to be created without any previous experience of prolonged war in a comparatively new industry. The smooth and rapid expansion was made possible by the recruitment of suitable junior officers from the dockyards, who worked very efficiently.

    Sir Oswyn Murray Letter P1
    Letter to McClelland from Sir Oswyn Murray, Permanent Secretary of the Admiralty (the head of the Admiralty Civil Service in 1917) regarding his war work.


    Engineers played a vital role in moving troops, supplies and equipment. At the beginning of the War, the British Army did not have specialist material for building heavy bridges, nor the technical intelligence to be able to work out what might be required. The earliest forms of equipment bridging were based on pontoons which continued to be useful carrying guns and light equipment across rivers but the introduction of mechanical transport resulted in a large increase of axle load and the need to develop bridges to take heavier loads.

    The first need for heavy bridges was over the River Aisne on 13 September 1914, when the retreating German army destroyed the Pont Saint Waast leaving the allies unable to follow. The Royal Engineers built several pontoon bridges over the next few weeks followed by a heavy wooden girder bridge, the Pont des Anglais, at Sousson. The bridge was built under enemy fire and using any available materials including floorboards from local houses; it took too long to build resulting in a demand for steel spans to be sent.

      The first British equipment bridge was called the Inglis Portable Military Bridge (Light Type) invented by Sir Charles Inglis. Although the spans were invented in 1909 whilst Inglis was involved with the Cambridge University Officer Training Corps, they were first used as a self-contained portable bridge during WWI. Inglis was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1914; in1916 he was put in charge of bridge design and supply at the War Office. The first Inglis bridge consisted of pyramidal bays 8ft square created by 8ft long steel tubes connected by specially designed fittings, not unlike modern scaffolding.  It was designed to carry infantry in single file over a 120ft span and was easily transported  requiring little specialist training to construct.  At the first demonstration in France, a 108ft span was thrown across a canal in 13 minutes by an untrained party of Army Service Corps. On 28 September 1918 200 sappers from the Royal Engineers built a 108 ft span bridge over the Canal du Nord at Marquion in twelve and a half construction hours over several days whilst under fire.

      Although the Inglis Bridge was the best military bridge of the time, being fast to construct and carrying heavy loads, its tubular steel construction made it expensive and slow to manufacture. The Hopkins Bridge designed by Captain Hopkins, Royal Engineers, was a cheaper alternative. This bridge used conventional steel girders bolted together but the bolts meant construction was much slower than the Inglis. This meant that when speed was an issue, an Inglis bridge was often built which was then later replaced by a Hopkins bridge allowing the Inglis bridge to be re-used. The Hopkins bridge was designed to carry tanks. It consisted of steel Warren trusses and could be made in spans of multiples of 15ft. It was successful and a lorry bridge was designed, it was still at the experimental stage in 1918.

      The main disadvantage of girder bridges such as the Inglis and Hopkins was that they were not very adaptable; resulting in them often being stronger and heavier than required.  This problem led to the design of the Martel box girder bridge in 1925 which was used in the Second World War. These latter developments were as a direct result of engineers work from 1914 onwards.

      WWI Hopkins road bridge213
      Line drawing with technical details, Hopkins.

      Hopkins road bridge
      Hopkins road bridge being placed during the war.

      120ft Hopkins Bridge at Arques
      120ft Hopkins Bridge in use during the war at Arques.

      ​'Giant Gun on Railway' film, British Pathe Archive.


      Gun wagon charts/drawings, IMechE Archive.

      McClelland letter and portrait, IET Archive.

      Hopkins Bridge images, ICE Archive.