Infrastructure was a key component of wartime logistics: aiding the movement of personnel, weaponry, post and supplies. This fed in not only to conflict aims and needs but to more personal needs; the postal service boosted morale by giving troops a vital link to their loved ones. Engineers were crucial to infrastructure, by creating the supply lines on which the armed forces depended on.

Gun Wagons
The railways were important during the War for supply line reasons including the redistribution of munitions and heavy arms, as well as of troops, medical staff and general supplies. Both the Great Western (GWR) and Midland Railways (MR) used specific gun wagons for the moving of guns.

The GWR used Pollen B wagon sets 48979-48982, 48999-48900 to carry 12-inch BL guns Marks 8-10 for the moving of heavy guns, 45-58 tons. The MR used wagon set 9696 carrying 12, 13.5, 14, and 15 inch guns, these were even heavier at 67-97 tons. Technical drawings for both companies include side elevations showing basic dimensions, weights, and axle loads. Guns were moved both within Britain and on the Continent to position them for battle or strategic defence. The largest artillery was actually held by the Royal Navy for their dreadnaughts, the 'monster' guns moved by MR were most likely for this purpose.

Of course, dreadnaughts were not an option on the Front, but their guns were deployed against the concrete fortified German positions near the Somme and along the Hindenburg line. At first they put the gun on a wheel mount and attempted to secure it in place; advanced recoil mechanisms allowed for some success but deployment was still slow and cumbersome. The guns were moved by a tractor, this was slow and carried the risk of enemy capture.

Rail presented the perfect transport and firing platform for land-based naval ordnance. The gun could be moved relatively quickly along the rail system and the recoil could be dispersed by allowing the carriage to hurtle down the tracks (sometimes up to 100 feet). In some cases, a piece of curved siding was actually used to aim the gun. These guns could fire up to thirty miles and were capable of reaching far into the enemy’s rear positions. The culmination of the rail gun was the massive French Schneider 520mm howitzer. The shells this gun fired were over 24 inches in diameter and weighed 3,100 pounds. They were fused in such a way as to allow the shell to penetrate its target before detonation. Luckily for all involved, the war ended before they could be brought into service.

As well as rail becoming a platform for the direct deployment of guns, it was also used to transport guns and weapons of all sizes to where they were required. Entrenched lines meant that routes and workflow methods could be honed. As the Engineers Office charts of the South East & Chatham Railway show, they had to plan which lines were suitable for the carrying of which rolling stock and weaponry- the sheer weight of the haul being a prime consideration because of the risk collapse to the lines.



Book 1, Great Central Railway

Book 1, Great Central Railway

by User Not Found | 24 Jul, 2014

3987 comments

Leave a comment
  1. Kelvin Byrd | Oct 17, 2018
    Much obliged to you for creating this phenomenal article today. I realize that individuals believe it's anything but difficult to compose stuff about this theme, however it's truly not. Just the individual who's doing this activity can see how troublesome it is. Hurst orthopedic surgeon
  2. daniyal157 | Oct 17, 2018
    This is an excellent article, Given so much data inside it, These type of posts keeps the consumers curiosity about the internet site, and continue discussing more ...good luck.Its my good delight to visit your blog and to enjoy your good articles here. I like it a lot. I can feel that you compensated much interest for anyone articles, as them all seem sensible and are very useful.Ebook PDF Download
  3. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 17, 2018
    Really informative article post.Really thank you! Really Great. go right here
  4. My Assignment Help | Oct 17, 2018
    This post is not just informative but impressive also. The post is so convincing that it created an urge to choose My Assignment Help services. You can email us at Info@Myassignmenthelpau.Com or Phone Number: +61-2-8005-8227
  5. ergwerg | Oct 17, 2018
    <a href="http://www.lachinseir.com/%D8%AA%D8%A7%DB%8C%D9%84%D9%86%D8%AF">تور تایلند</a>
  6. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 17, 2018
    Enjoyed every bit of your blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic. Corporate Training
  7. S E O Experts | Oct 17, 2018
    They're delivered by the absolute best degree engineers will's identity recognized for your polo dress making. You'll discover polo Ron Lauren inside select exhibit which incorporate specific classes for men, ladies.  Puppy Consumer Financing
  8. linkerseo | Oct 17, 2018
    Gangaur Realtech is a professionally overseen association work in land administrations where incorporated administrations are given by experts to its customers looking for expanded an incentive by owning, possessing or putting resources into land.  Wheels and Tires Consumer Financing 
  9. Fix window startup problem | Oct 17, 2018
    We have compiled the list of possible fixes to address the issues you may be facing with respect to your window startup problem.
  10. linkerseo | Oct 17, 2018
    I feel exceptionally appreciative that I read this. It is exceptionally useful and extremely useful and I extremely took in a great deal from it.  Mattress Consumer Financing
  11. pioneerseo | Oct 17, 2018
    I require you to thank for your period of this radiant read!!! I definately value every last bit of it and I have you bookmarked to take a gander at new stuff of your blog an outright need read blog!!!!  Medical Spa Consumer Financing
  12. S E O Experts | Oct 17, 2018
    Three are normally modest Ralph Lauren accessible available to be purchased every last time you wish to purchase.  Aspire Nautilus aio
  13. digitinc | Oct 17, 2018
    This is a great inspiring article. I am pretty much pleased with your good work. You put really very helpful information. Keep it up. Keep blogging. Looking to reading your next post. https://malepeakhealth.com/over-the-counter-viagra/
  14. S E O Experts | Oct 17, 2018
    It's late discovering this demonstration. At any rate, it's a thing to be acquainted with that there are such occasions exist. I concur with your Blog and I will have returned to examine it more later on so please keep up your demonstration.  birthday gifts for brother
  15. digitinc | Oct 17, 2018
    Thank you for your article. It was very useful for me. I'm happy I found this blog. direct mail marketing
  16. daniyal157 | Oct 16, 2018
    This is a great inspiring article.I am pretty much pleased with your good work.You put really helpful information. Keep it up.christmas wallpaper for laptop
  17. deews | Oct 16, 2018

    purple kush

    Amazing knowledge and I like to share this kind of information with my friends and hope they like it they why I do.

  18. seo | Oct 16, 2018
    Very easily this site will most likely irrefutably perhaps end up being popular including numerous weblogs individuals, in order to it's persistent content pieces or possibly views. top 10 pilates studio in singapore 2018
  19. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 16, 2018
    Great article post.Thanks Again. Really Great. fb liker
  20. S E O Experts | Oct 16, 2018
    The site is delicately balanced and saved as much as date. So it should be, a dedication of appreciation is all together to offer this to us.  Pet Store Financing
  21. linkerseo | Oct 16, 2018
    It ought to be seen that while requesting papers available to be procured at paper making association, you can get unkind viewpoint. On the off chance that you feel that the pro is endeavoring to cheat you, don't purchase ask about assignment from it.  Vocational School Financing
  22. Jorja | Oct 16, 2018
    They provide the details of their working methods, auto tribal installment loans for bad credit and rules at the very moment when any person visits their sites for inquiry. So if you are looking approximately for a loan that will be satisfactory for you, just keep in mind that a secured loan is available to have a higher achievement rate of receiving funded. In this way, you can improve your credit rating which in turn will help you to get loans at lower rate of interest.
  23. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 16, 2018
    This is one awesome blog post.Really thank you!asian escort nyc
  24. linkerseo | Oct 16, 2018
    To a great degree lovely and interesting post. I was scanning for this kind of information and savored the experience of examining this one.  Auto Repair Financing Bad Credit
  25. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 16, 2018
    Really appreciate you sharing this post.Really thank you! Keep writing.Best Medicare supplement plans for 2019
  26. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 16, 2018
    Very informative blog.Thanks Again. Really Cool.Medicare supplement plans 2019
  27. linkerseo | Oct 16, 2018
    I am truly getting a charge out of perusing your elegantly composed articles. It would seem that you spend a considerable measure of exertion and time on your blog. I have bookmarked it and I am anticipating perusing new articles. Keep doing awesome.  Mattress Store Financing Bad Credit
  28. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 16, 2018
    Enjoyed every bit of your blog post.Much thanks again. Awesome.Medicare supplement plans 2019
  29. S E O Experts | Oct 16, 2018
    Thanks for the nice blog. It was very useful for me. I'm happy I found this blog. Thank you for sharing with us.I too always learn something new from your post. Mattress Store Financing Bad Credit
  30. linkerseo | Oct 16, 2018
    Extremely decent blog and articles. I am realy extremely glad to visit your blog. Presently I am discovered which I really need. I check your blog regular and attempt to take in something from your blog. Much obliged to you and sitting tight for your new post.  Furniture Store Financing Bad Credit
  31. thuy | Oct 16, 2018

    Thanks you very much for sharing these links. Will definitely check this out.

    Discount master 2018,  Discount master app 2018,  autoketing

  32. dissertation writing service | Oct 15, 2018
  33. deews | Oct 15, 2018

    Flipkart anarkali dresses

    I would also motivate just about every person to save this web page for any favorite assistance to assist posted the appearance.

  34. deews | Oct 15, 2018

    Giant angora rabbit

    This article is simply phenomenal! It's got all the great components of an incredible article and I am truly simply content to peruse this. A commendable article to peruse! Not an exercise in futility whatsoever

  35. sdfdfs | Oct 15, 2018
    <a href="http://www.ebooksdownloads.xyz">Download Ebook
      Pdf</a>
  36. yahoo | Oct 15, 2018
    Click <a href="http://www.yahoo.com">here</a> to go to yahoo.
  37. asdf | Oct 15, 2018
    <a href="www.abcd.com">abcd</a>
  38. manoj | Oct 15, 2018
    do you know this webiste provides the best <a href="https://www.smartexplains.com/2018/09/iemu-apk-download-for-android-2018-latest-version.html">iemu apk</a> download link. if you want to download the iemu apk then click on this link
  39. deews | Oct 15, 2018

    Volumetric flasks

    We keep up with the latest techniques of building and have qualified tradesmen to ensure that your job/project is carried out safely. We also make sure that we keep to the highest standards on projects and everyone who works for us is health & safety trained.

  40. Merck SEO | Oct 15, 2018
    This is exceptionally fascinating, yet it is important to tap on this connection:  cotton socks
  41. Methew | Oct 15, 2018
    Not sure if you're going in the right direction with your personal statement? Here are some personal statement examples to inspire you. Our experts takes the valuable information from you and put them impeccably in the personal statement.Visit MyAssignmenthelp.com, and receive valuable academic help from the experts today.Our online study help services differ greatly
  42. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 15, 2018
    Thank you ever so for you post. Keep writing. voyance-amour-eternel.com
  43. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 15, 2018
    Really informative article post.Really thank you! Really Great. essay writing services
  44. tomer isr | Oct 15, 2018

    very nice information.

    askshirdisaibaba.in askshirdisaibaba.in askshirdisaibaba.in ask sai baba ask sai baba ask sai baba sai baba images hd sai baba images hd sai baba images hd hindi beuty tips hindi beuty tips hindi beuty tips ask questions to sai baba ask questions to sai baba Ask to sai baba questions sai answers sai answers sai baba answers ask sai baba  ask sai baba ask sai baba answers

  45. manoj | Oct 15, 2018

    thanks

      newsbaki.com newsbaki.com newsbaki.com paisa kamane wali apps paisa kamane wali apps paisa kamane wali apps hindi sad song list 2018hindi sad song list 2018 hindi sad song list amir kaise bane amir kaise bane amir kaise bane latest tufan news in hindi latest tufan news in hindi latest tufan news in hindi love hindi sad song love hindi sad song  list 2018 love hindi sad song    paisa kamane ka app paisa kamane ka app paisa kamane ka app Earntalk time free recharge earning app Earntalk time free recharge earning app Earntalk time free recharge earning app  sad songs list sad songs list sad songs list  love hindi sad songlove hindi sad song love hindi sad song love hindi sad song love hindi sad song love hindi sad song hindi sad song list  hindi sad song list  hindi sad song list  newsbaki.com newsbaki.com newsbaki.com

  46. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 15, 2018
    Great, thanks for sharing this article. Keep writing.CCTV Install Derby
  47. Business Law Assignment Help | Oct 15, 2018
    StudentsAssignmentHelp.com offers excellent Business Law Assignment Help services to all the students studying in various universities around the globe. All our services are available to students at an affordable price and make sure you get free from all the troubles you face.
  48. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 15, 2018
    Great, thanks for sharing this blog article.Thanks Again. Cool.Finding a Good Diamond Jeweler in Maryland
  49. SHARIQ KHATRI | Oct 15, 2018
    Awesome article post. Much obliged.Event Planner Richmond Virginia
  50. linkerseo | Oct 15, 2018
    Gangaur Realtech is a professionally overseen association work in land administrations where incorporated administrations are given by experts to its customers looking for expanded an incentive by owning, possessing or putting resources into land.  gamerbolt

    Leave a comment

    Drawings and charts for the movement of guns on British railways.


    British Pathe film, Giant Gun on the Railway 1914-1918.

    Admiralty

    Electrical Engineering Departments were first created by the Admiralty in 1903; Charles Henry Wordingham was made Superintending Electrical Engineer with two Assistants of whom William McClelland was one, the quotes are his. Electrical Engineers were appointed at each Dockyard. The war brought with it challenges for the fitting and maintenance of the fleet:

    “Early in the 1914-18 War, Admiral Sir Percy Scott, a well-known gunnery expert, walked into my room one morning, and, with his pencil drew on my blotting pad, an outline of a ship saying, “that’s the hull, that’s the tower; that’s the control room below; we want to control all turret guns from the top; if that is shot away, we then control from the room below; if that becomes flooded or damaged, we then control from a certain turret; any damaged parts must be capable of being isolated quickly with switch-over arrangements. Now McClelland, how long will it take to wire 30 first line ships at sea, the ships to remain at an hour’s notice for action?"

    McClelland's response was ignored, he was given 6 months and told to make arrangements to get the dockyard workmen to the Fleet. When the Fleet went to sea, the workmen often went with them; some were in action and were specially commended by the Commander in Chief.

    HMS Invincible, the fast Battle-Cruiser was urgently needed. She was under refit, her guns removed, and electrically she was nearly stripped. The extent of the electrical work involved was such that the Electrical Engineering Department could not complete the ship concurrently with other departments. Labour was not available in the dockyards. "The First Sea Lord said that, if it were a question of men, we should get them where we liked and how we liked, paying what was necessary, and if anyone say ‘nay’, that person should be referred to him, but without any doubt whatsoever, the ship must leave on the date given"He attached heavy penalties for any individual or Department failing to meet targets. Adverts were placed and over 200 men were found in a few days. Invincible left the dockyard on time; in the Falklands, she arrived just in time to catch and sink the German ships, the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. "Thus the Electrical Engineering Departments got through the 1914-1918 War, by sheer hard work and determination".

    New designs of ships, new construction and maintenance seemed unending; senior staff were engaged with all sorts of new electrical problems almost daily, they were much worried by the constant pressure and over-work. As an indication of the magnitude of the tasks, the number of electrical refits of ships was 48,630; the organisation for that one item, with its enormous supplies of materials, electrical machinery, and equipment from all over the country, had to be created without any previous experience of prolonged war in a comparatively new industry. The smooth and rapid expansion was made possible by the recruitment of suitable junior officers from the dockyards, who worked very efficiently.

    Sir Oswyn Murray Letter P1
    Letter to McClelland from Sir Oswyn Murray, Permanent Secretary of the Admiralty (the head of the Admiralty Civil Service in 1917) regarding his war work.


    Bridges

    Engineers played a vital role in moving troops, supplies and equipment. At the beginning of the War, the British Army did not have specialist material for building heavy bridges, nor the technical intelligence to be able to work out what might be required. The earliest forms of equipment bridging were based on pontoons which continued to be useful carrying guns and light equipment across rivers but the introduction of mechanical transport resulted in a large increase of axle load and the need to develop bridges to take heavier loads.

    The first need for heavy bridges was over the River Aisne on 13 September 1914, when the retreating German army destroyed the Pont Saint Waast leaving the allies unable to follow. The Royal Engineers built several pontoon bridges over the next few weeks followed by a heavy wooden girder bridge, the Pont des Anglais, at Sousson. The bridge was built under enemy fire and using any available materials including floorboards from local houses; it took too long to build resulting in a demand for steel spans to be sent.

      The first British equipment bridge was called the Inglis Portable Military Bridge (Light Type) invented by Sir Charles Inglis. Although the spans were invented in 1909 whilst Inglis was involved with the Cambridge University Officer Training Corps, they were first used as a self-contained portable bridge during WWI. Inglis was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1914; in1916 he was put in charge of bridge design and supply at the War Office. The first Inglis bridge consisted of pyramidal bays 8ft square created by 8ft long steel tubes connected by specially designed fittings, not unlike modern scaffolding.  It was designed to carry infantry in single file over a 120ft span and was easily transported  requiring little specialist training to construct.  At the first demonstration in France, a 108ft span was thrown across a canal in 13 minutes by an untrained party of Army Service Corps. On 28 September 1918 200 sappers from the Royal Engineers built a 108 ft span bridge over the Canal du Nord at Marquion in twelve and a half construction hours over several days whilst under fire.

      Although the Inglis Bridge was the best military bridge of the time, being fast to construct and carrying heavy loads, its tubular steel construction made it expensive and slow to manufacture. The Hopkins Bridge designed by Captain Hopkins, Royal Engineers, was a cheaper alternative. This bridge used conventional steel girders bolted together but the bolts meant construction was much slower than the Inglis. This meant that when speed was an issue, an Inglis bridge was often built which was then later replaced by a Hopkins bridge allowing the Inglis bridge to be re-used. The Hopkins bridge was designed to carry tanks. It consisted of steel Warren trusses and could be made in spans of multiples of 15ft. It was successful and a lorry bridge was designed, it was still at the experimental stage in 1918.

      The main disadvantage of girder bridges such as the Inglis and Hopkins was that they were not very adaptable; resulting in them often being stronger and heavier than required.  This problem led to the design of the Martel box girder bridge in 1925 which was used in the Second World War. These latter developments were as a direct result of engineers work from 1914 onwards.




      WWI Hopkins road bridge213
      Line drawing with technical details, Hopkins.


      Hopkins road bridge
      Hopkins road bridge being placed during the war.


      120ft Hopkins Bridge at Arques
      120ft Hopkins Bridge in use during the war at Arques.
      Credits/footnotes:

      ​'Giant Gun on Railway' film, British Pathe Archive.

      Images:

      Gun wagon charts/drawings, IMechE Archive.

      McClelland letter and portrait, IET Archive.

      Hopkins Bridge images, ICE Archive.