Infrastructure was a key component of wartime logistics: aiding the movement of personnel, weaponry, post and supplies. This fed in not only to conflict aims and needs but to more personal needs; the postal service boosted morale by giving troops a vital link to their loved ones. Engineers were crucial to infrastructure, by creating the supply lines on which the armed forces depended on.

Gun Wagons
The railways were important during the War for supply line reasons including the redistribution of munitions and heavy arms, as well as of troops, medical staff and general supplies. Both the Great Western (GWR) and Midland Railways (MR) used specific gun wagons for the moving of guns.

The GWR used Pollen B wagon sets 48979-48982, 48999-48900 to carry 12-inch BL guns Marks 8-10 for the moving of heavy guns, 45-58 tons. The MR used wagon set 9696 carrying 12, 13.5, 14, and 15 inch guns, these were even heavier at 67-97 tons. Technical drawings for both companies include side elevations showing basic dimensions, weights, and axle loads. Guns were moved both within Britain and on the Continent to position them for battle or strategic defence. The largest artillery was actually held by the Royal Navy for their dreadnaughts, the 'monster' guns moved by MR were most likely for this purpose.

Of course, dreadnaughts were not an option on the Front, but their guns were deployed against the concrete fortified German positions near the Somme and along the Hindenburg line. At first they put the gun on a wheel mount and attempted to secure it in place; advanced recoil mechanisms allowed for some success but deployment was still slow and cumbersome. The guns were moved by a tractor, this was slow and carried the risk of enemy capture.

Rail presented the perfect transport and firing platform for land-based naval ordnance. The gun could be moved relatively quickly along the rail system and the recoil could be dispersed by allowing the carriage to hurtle down the tracks (sometimes up to 100 feet). In some cases, a piece of curved siding was actually used to aim the gun. These guns could fire up to thirty miles and were capable of reaching far into the enemy’s rear positions. The culmination of the rail gun was the massive French Schneider 520mm howitzer. The shells this gun fired were over 24 inches in diameter and weighed 3,100 pounds. They were fused in such a way as to allow the shell to penetrate its target before detonation. Luckily for all involved, the war ended before they could be brought into service.

As well as rail becoming a platform for the direct deployment of guns, it was also used to transport guns and weapons of all sizes to where they were required. Entrenched lines meant that routes and workflow methods could be honed. As the Engineers Office charts of the South East & Chatham Railway show, they had to plan which lines were suitable for the carrying of which rolling stock and weaponry- the sheer weight of the haul being a prime consideration because of the risk collapse to the lines.

Book 1, Midland Railway

Book 1, Midland Railway

by User Not Found | 24 Jul, 2014


Leave a comment
  1. BNNATT | Feb 23, 2018

    Thanks for the post and great tips..even I also think that hard work is the most important aspect of getting success..

  2. alex | Feb 22, 2018
    Aw, this was a really nice post. In thought I would like to place in writing in this way moreover – taking time and actual effort to create a very good article… but what / things I say… I procrastinate alot and also no indicates apparently get something done. Private School
  3. sool | Feb 22, 2018
  4. xrxjbsgvingr | Feb 22, 2018 / 0/1409 / 0/1619 / view / 2112/0/26886 / psikologi / comment / view / 147/0/2403 .php / saudpesq / comment / view / 711/0/9047 / 0/5943 / 171/0/6134 .cr / index.php / EDUCARE / comment / view / 7502/0/4474 http: // www / index.php / ncn / comment / view / 14/0/8638 http: / / / 106610 21696 https: / / 1335 / 0/5573 -batu-ginjal http: // microfluidics / gitlab / xegavoxaza https: //xgitlab.cels. https: //alf.physik.uni
  5. bvababagdfffmg ofgingr | Feb 22, 2018 / 0/1409 / 0/1619 / view / 2112/0/26886 / psikologi / comment / view / 147/0/2403 .php / saudpesq / comment / view / 711/0/9047 / 0/5943 / 171/0/6134 .cr / index.php / EDUCARE / comment / view / 7502/0/4474 http: // www / index.php / ncn / comment / view / 14/0/8638 http: / / / 106610 21696 https: / / 1335 / 0/5573 -batu-ginjal http: // microfluidics / gitlab / xegavoxaza https: //xgitlab.cels. https: //alf.physik.uni
  6. Esai kash | Feb 20, 2018
    1. I really appreciate this wonderful post that you have provided for us. I assure this would be beneficial for most of the people.
  7. Kadir ali | Feb 20, 2018

    Great article , i i read it till the end its great. 


  8. Abdul Kadir | Feb 20, 2018
    Seriously man it will be great if you can add some more [url="https://joinkadir"]data[/url] to this article. 
  9. vavaban | Feb 20, 2018
  10. asd | Feb 19, 2018
    Much obliged for setting aside an ideal opportunity to examine this, I feel emphatically about it and affection adapting more on this subject.  tree removal long island
  11. peter | Feb 19, 2018
    Our experienced divorce attorneys have a substantial amount of experience in a variety of family law practice areas, including divorce, allocation of parental responsibility (commonly called child custody) and paternity. We are also one of the few Naperville-area law firms that handle matters relating to same-sex relationships. (630) 428-3300. Grunyk Family Law
  12. kdfsji | Feb 19, 2018
    I couldn't find any knowledge on this matter prior to.Also operate a site and if you are ever interested in doing some. what are the best chew toys for pit bulls
  13. Robinjack | Feb 19, 2018
    A debt of gratitude is in order for setting aside an ideal opportunity to talk about this, I feel unequivocally about it and affection adapting more on this subject. On the off chance that conceivable, as you pick up mastery, would you brain redesigning your web journal with additional data? It is to a great degree accommodating for me.
  14. wisma cibanteng | Feb 19, 2018
    thanks brother Manajemen Manajemen
  15. wisma cibanteng | Feb 19, 2018
    thanks brother Manajemen Manajemen
  16. wisma cibanteng | Feb 19, 2018
    thanks brother Manajemen Manajemen
  17. Jim | Feb 18, 2018

    KissAnime - Watch anime online in high quality

    Watch anime online free in HD. KissAnime mobile friendly update. Watch English Anime Online.
  18. nikkko | Feb 18, 2018
    Jual UPVC Bandung Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride, a rigid, chemically resistant form of PVC used for pipework, window frames, and other structures. 'The property has many extra features such as private rear garden with a low maintenance exterior, gas fired central heating, uPVC double glazing windows throughout, etc.
  19. nikkko | Feb 18, 2018
    Jual UPVC Bandung Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride, a rigid, chemically resistant form of PVC used for pipework, window frames, and other structures. 'The property has many extra features such as private rear garden with a low maintenance exterior, gas fired central heating, uPVC double glazing windows throughout, etc.
  20. Dubai SMS Provider | Feb 18, 2018
    Superb blog entry published here. As an author, it's incredible for me to discover new substance about different points. I have done precisely that today and that has made me a happy man. Dubai SMS Provider
  21. voyance amour | Feb 18, 2018
    Brilliant blog post shared here with us. The writer has done an exceptional job with this post and has composed this quite well. It would be lovely to see some more blog posts which are in this format. voyance amour
  22. kdfsji | Feb 17, 2018
    Most of the time I don’t make comments on websites, but I'd like to say that this article really forced me to do so. Really nice post!
  23. alex | Feb 17, 2018
    Taylor Lautner Workout Routine… By the way you might want to check out this cool site I found…… read this comprehensive article
  24. alex | Feb 17, 2018
    Top post Genachowski’s less than artful weaving of net neutrality and consumer privacy | Law and Politics of Broadband you’ve surely influenced all of us  FYI have you read Middle East amazing headlines! Enjoy your day ! Flash Website Design free movies online
  25. Robinjack | Feb 16, 2018
    Thanks for the post and great tips..even I also think that hard work is the most important aspect of getting success..
  26. Howard Geraldine | Feb 16, 2018
    I think that everything has been described in systematic manner so that reader could get maximum information and learn many things. ar 15 magazine loader
  27. kiww | Feb 16, 2018
  28. Faheem | Feb 15, 2018
    I recommend only good and reliable information, so see it:  3d architectural animation video production in vietnam
  29. robo | Feb 15, 2018
    I found your this post while searching for information about blog-related research ... It's a good post .. keep posting and updating information.Detectives infidelidades
  30. alex | Feb 15, 2018
    Hello, i just planned to drop that you a line to say that we thoroughly enjoyed this particular post from yours, I have subscribed for your RSS feed and have absolutely skimmed several of your articles or blog posts before but this blog really endured out in my situation. NewLaunch.ForSale Showflat
  31. Albina | Feb 15, 2018
    their website Thanks for providing recent updates regarding the concern, I look forward to read more.
  32. link sales | Feb 15, 2018
    I like to recommend exclusively fine plus efficient information and facts, hence notice it: Title Loans Orlando
  33. Valentin Abrielle | Feb 14, 2018
    This is an extraordinary motivating article.I am basically satisfied with your great work.You put truly exceptionally accommodating data...  snabblån utan uc
  34. Robinjack | Feb 14, 2018
    This article was written by a real thinking writer.  I agree many of the with the solid points made by the writer.  I’ll be back. Fashion
  35. Robinjack | Feb 14, 2018
    Pleasant online journal and totally exceptional. You can improve yet despite everything I say this perfect.Keep striving generally advantageous.
  36. alex | Feb 14, 2018
    This web site is really a walk-through for all of the info you wanted about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you’ll definitely discover it. cheap post cards printing
  37. Faheem | Feb 13, 2018
    Cool you write, the information is very good and interesting, I'll give you a link to my site.  vacation home rentals
  38. آموزش سالیدورک | Feb 13, 2018
    Exactly when I figured your work couldn't show signs of improvement, you go and distribute this staggering article. I am just amazed by this article. I don't review perusing an article superior to this, atleast for the past 3 years. آموزش سالیدورک
  39. Robinjack | Feb 13, 2018
    Please share more like that. mts converter mac
  40. link sales | Feb 12, 2018
    I like to recommend exclusively fine plus efficient information and facts, hence notice it: visible manifestations invisible god
  41. robo | Feb 12, 2018
    Nice knowledge gaining article. This post is really the best on this valuable topic.detectives privados Madrid
  42. link sales | Feb 12, 2018
    For many people this is important, so check out my profile:  realistic weight loss goals
  43. Dana | Feb 12, 2018

    I’m happy to find so many useful info here in the post, thanks for sharing. I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds also! vic solar

  44. link sales | Feb 12, 2018
    This is helpful, nonetheless it can be crucial so that you can check out the following website: laundry detergent fundraiser
  45. Wilson Larrie | Feb 12, 2018
    Such a nice post, keep up the fantastic work Do My Psychology Homework
  46. John Petterson | Feb 12, 2018
    Thanks a lot for the post. It has helped me get some nice ideas. I hope I will see some really good result soon. Case Study Analysis
  47. Robinjack | Feb 11, 2018
    Thanks for sharing the info, keep up the good work going.... I really enjoyed exploring your site. good resource... Rolex Daytona Watches Website
  48. alex | Feb 11, 2018
    I really appreciate the kind of topics you post here. Thanks for sharing us a great information that is actually helpful. Good day!
  49. Faheem | Feb 11, 2018
    There you can download for free, see the first of these data.  buy rays tickets
  50. sogg | Feb 10, 2018
    Situs adalah situs yang menyediakan berbagai macam permainan judi online yang sangat menyenangkan. Situs juga tidak kalah menarik dalam memberikan layanan permainan karena ada banyak permainan dalam 1 akun dan memiliki situs alternative yaitu . Selain itu, jika pemain ingin bermain poker, mereka dapat langsung mengunjungi situs atau karena situs ini memberikan pelayanan poker online yang paling top. Para pemain memang terkadang mengincari dalam bermain untuk menukarkan banyak hadiah. Hadiah-hadiah yang diberikan tidak kalah menarik dari situs ataupun Hal ini disebabkan situs tersebut memberikan pelayanan terbaik dan tercepat dan juga situs memberikan bonus yang sangat besar dan tidak kalah menarik dari Untuk pemain yang masih penasaran bagaimana cara bermain togel dapat mengunjungi dan pemain yang belum tau dan ingin belajar bermain tangkas dapat mengunjungi Mungkin setiap pemain ingin mendapatkan pelayanan yang terbaik dari , dan juga mengharapkan untuk menjadi situs judi yang terbaik, karena itu tersedialah tempat untuk mencari informasi-informasi tentang bola yaitu . Banyak orang yang ingin menjadi orang yang jago dalam bermain , karena itu mereka dapat belajar di dan untuk menjadi pemain yang professional. Tak bisa dipungkiri bahwa untuk menjadi seorang professional di tentunya membutuhkan latihan rutin dalam bermain. Kesabaran juga dibutuhkan untuk menjadi pemain professional, karena itu banyak sekali tips-tips yang bisa didapatkan di dan . Situs adalah situs yang paling terkenal dan terbaik untuk melayani pemain bola. Kata-kata jago di bukanlah hanya hiasan saja, tetapi memang karena pemain yang bermain di memanglah para jagoan bermain bola. Ada pun link alternative dari jagobet88 itu sendiri yaitu Selain bermain bola, agen ini juga memberikan layanan permainan poker dan kalian bisa mengaksesnya di . Selain angka 88, angka lain yang sangat menguntungkan adalah angka sebelas atau eleven seperti di situs . Kata leven dari situs mempunyai arti eleven atau 11 yang memberikan kepercayaan bahwa bermain judi di angka ini akan membawa keberuntungan. Situs mempunyai banyak link alternative seperti ataupun . Dalam perjudian bermain di membuahkan hasil yang menguntungkan karena banyak bonus yang diberikan dan disediakan untuk para member. Ayo segera mendaftar di untuk mendapatkan fasilitas bermain judi yang sangat lengkap dan menarik. Anda juga dapat menghubungi customer service dari untuk informasi lebih lanjut mengenai judi online. Anda juga dapat menyimpan situs untuk berjaga-jaga dalam mengingat angka 11 atau angka keberuntungan dalam bermain judi online. Dapatkan tafsiran togel erek erek Anda di dan menangkan banyak uang dari mimpi erek erek Anda

    Leave a comment

    Drawings and charts for the movement of guns on British railways.

    British Pathe film, Giant Gun on the Railway 1914-1918.


    Electrical Engineering Departments were first created by the Admiralty in 1903; Charles Henry Wordingham was made Superintending Electrical Engineer with two Assistants of whom William McClelland was one, the quotes are his. Electrical Engineers were appointed at each Dockyard. The war brought with it challenges for the fitting and maintenance of the fleet:

    “Early in the 1914-18 War, Admiral Sir Percy Scott, a well-known gunnery expert, walked into my room one morning, and, with his pencil drew on my blotting pad, an outline of a ship saying, “that’s the hull, that’s the tower; that’s the control room below; we want to control all turret guns from the top; if that is shot away, we then control from the room below; if that becomes flooded or damaged, we then control from a certain turret; any damaged parts must be capable of being isolated quickly with switch-over arrangements. Now McClelland, how long will it take to wire 30 first line ships at sea, the ships to remain at an hour’s notice for action?"

    McClelland's response was ignored, he was given 6 months and told to make arrangements to get the dockyard workmen to the Fleet. When the Fleet went to sea, the workmen often went with them; some were in action and were specially commended by the Commander in Chief.

    HMS Invincible, the fast Battle-Cruiser was urgently needed. She was under refit, her guns removed, and electrically she was nearly stripped. The extent of the electrical work involved was such that the Electrical Engineering Department could not complete the ship concurrently with other departments. Labour was not available in the dockyards. "The First Sea Lord said that, if it were a question of men, we should get them where we liked and how we liked, paying what was necessary, and if anyone say ‘nay’, that person should be referred to him, but without any doubt whatsoever, the ship must leave on the date given"He attached heavy penalties for any individual or Department failing to meet targets. Adverts were placed and over 200 men were found in a few days. Invincible left the dockyard on time; in the Falklands, she arrived just in time to catch and sink the German ships, the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. "Thus the Electrical Engineering Departments got through the 1914-1918 War, by sheer hard work and determination".

    New designs of ships, new construction and maintenance seemed unending; senior staff were engaged with all sorts of new electrical problems almost daily, they were much worried by the constant pressure and over-work. As an indication of the magnitude of the tasks, the number of electrical refits of ships was 48,630; the organisation for that one item, with its enormous supplies of materials, electrical machinery, and equipment from all over the country, had to be created without any previous experience of prolonged war in a comparatively new industry. The smooth and rapid expansion was made possible by the recruitment of suitable junior officers from the dockyards, who worked very efficiently.

    Sir Oswyn Murray Letter P1
    Letter to McClelland from Sir Oswyn Murray, Permanent Secretary of the Admiralty (the head of the Admiralty Civil Service in 1917) regarding his war work.


    Engineers played a vital role in moving troops, supplies and equipment. At the beginning of the War, the British Army did not have specialist material for building heavy bridges, nor the technical intelligence to be able to work out what might be required. The earliest forms of equipment bridging were based on pontoons which continued to be useful carrying guns and light equipment across rivers but the introduction of mechanical transport resulted in a large increase of axle load and the need to develop bridges to take heavier loads.

    The first need for heavy bridges was over the River Aisne on 13 September 1914, when the retreating German army destroyed the Pont Saint Waast leaving the allies unable to follow. The Royal Engineers built several pontoon bridges over the next few weeks followed by a heavy wooden girder bridge, the Pont des Anglais, at Sousson. The bridge was built under enemy fire and using any available materials including floorboards from local houses; it took too long to build resulting in a demand for steel spans to be sent.

      The first British equipment bridge was called the Inglis Portable Military Bridge (Light Type) invented by Sir Charles Inglis. Although the spans were invented in 1909 whilst Inglis was involved with the Cambridge University Officer Training Corps, they were first used as a self-contained portable bridge during WWI. Inglis was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1914; in1916 he was put in charge of bridge design and supply at the War Office. The first Inglis bridge consisted of pyramidal bays 8ft square created by 8ft long steel tubes connected by specially designed fittings, not unlike modern scaffolding.  It was designed to carry infantry in single file over a 120ft span and was easily transported  requiring little specialist training to construct.  At the first demonstration in France, a 108ft span was thrown across a canal in 13 minutes by an untrained party of Army Service Corps. On 28 September 1918 200 sappers from the Royal Engineers built a 108 ft span bridge over the Canal du Nord at Marquion in twelve and a half construction hours over several days whilst under fire.

      Although the Inglis Bridge was the best military bridge of the time, being fast to construct and carrying heavy loads, its tubular steel construction made it expensive and slow to manufacture. The Hopkins Bridge designed by Captain Hopkins, Royal Engineers, was a cheaper alternative. This bridge used conventional steel girders bolted together but the bolts meant construction was much slower than the Inglis. This meant that when speed was an issue, an Inglis bridge was often built which was then later replaced by a Hopkins bridge allowing the Inglis bridge to be re-used. The Hopkins bridge was designed to carry tanks. It consisted of steel Warren trusses and could be made in spans of multiples of 15ft. It was successful and a lorry bridge was designed, it was still at the experimental stage in 1918.

      The main disadvantage of girder bridges such as the Inglis and Hopkins was that they were not very adaptable; resulting in them often being stronger and heavier than required.  This problem led to the design of the Martel box girder bridge in 1925 which was used in the Second World War. These latter developments were as a direct result of engineers work from 1914 onwards.

      WWI Hopkins road bridge213
      Line drawing with technical details, Hopkins.

      Hopkins road bridge
      Hopkins road bridge being placed during the war.

      120ft Hopkins Bridge at Arques
      120ft Hopkins Bridge in use during the war at Arques.

      ​'Giant Gun on Railway' film, British Pathe Archive.


      Gun wagon charts/drawings, IMechE Archive.

      McClelland letter and portrait, IET Archive.

      Hopkins Bridge images, ICE Archive.