Infrastructure was a key component of wartime logistics: aiding the movement of personnel, weaponry, post and supplies. This fed in not only to conflict aims and needs but to more personal needs; the postal service boosted morale by giving troops a vital link to their loved ones. Engineers were crucial to infrastructure, by creating the supply lines on which the armed forces depended on.

Gun Wagons
The railways were important during the War for supply line reasons including the redistribution of munitions and heavy arms, as well as of troops, medical staff and general supplies. Both the Great Western (GWR) and Midland Railways (MR) used specific gun wagons for the moving of guns.

The GWR used Pollen B wagon sets 48979-48982, 48999-48900 to carry 12-inch BL guns Marks 8-10 for the moving of heavy guns, 45-58 tons. The MR used wagon set 9696 carrying 12, 13.5, 14, and 15 inch guns, these were even heavier at 67-97 tons. Technical drawings for both companies include side elevations showing basic dimensions, weights, and axle loads. Guns were moved both within Britain and on the Continent to position them for battle or strategic defence. The largest artillery was actually held by the Royal Navy for their dreadnaughts, the 'monster' guns moved by MR were most likely for this purpose.

Of course, dreadnaughts were not an option on the Front, but their guns were deployed against the concrete fortified German positions near the Somme and along the Hindenburg line. At first they put the gun on a wheel mount and attempted to secure it in place; advanced recoil mechanisms allowed for some success but deployment was still slow and cumbersome. The guns were moved by a tractor, this was slow and carried the risk of enemy capture.

Rail presented the perfect transport and firing platform for land-based naval ordnance. The gun could be moved relatively quickly along the rail system and the recoil could be dispersed by allowing the carriage to hurtle down the tracks (sometimes up to 100 feet). In some cases, a piece of curved siding was actually used to aim the gun. These guns could fire up to thirty miles and were capable of reaching far into the enemy’s rear positions. The culmination of the rail gun was the massive French Schneider 520mm howitzer. The shells this gun fired were over 24 inches in diameter and weighed 3,100 pounds. They were fused in such a way as to allow the shell to penetrate its target before detonation. Luckily for all involved, the war ended before they could be brought into service.

As well as rail becoming a platform for the direct deployment of guns, it was also used to transport guns and weapons of all sizes to where they were required. Entrenched lines meant that routes and workflow methods could be honed. As the Engineers Office charts of the South East & Chatham Railway show, they had to plan which lines were suitable for the carrying of which rolling stock and weaponry- the sheer weight of the haul being a prime consideration because of the risk collapse to the lines.



Book 1, Midland Railway

Book 1, Midland Railway

by User Not Found | 24 Jul, 2014

1046 comments

Leave a comment
  1. anshul sharma | Jun 17, 2018
  2. seo seo | Jun 14, 2018
    I personally use them exclusively high-quality elements : you will notice these folks during: Hialeah Car Title Loans
  3. zin zin | Jun 13, 2018
    I came onto your blog while focusing just slightly submits. Nice strategy for next, I will be bookmarking at once seize your complete rises... Zonnepanelen prijs
  4. Kimberlee | Jun 11, 2018
    Secured online loans have lesser interest price emotionally involved with them and thus are considered as basis of cheap money.. as they too want to invest time in their business operations and not kill time in applying for loans.. Same day loans for unemployed loans which can be availed generally ranges from $1000 to $25,000 depending on the borrower's repayment capabilities.. arrow head advance no credit check installment loans | arrow head advance $2500 loan no credit check | arrow head advance online no credit check loans direct lenders | arrow head advance direct lender online loans bad credit | arrow head advance guaranteed direct lender loans for bad credit | arrow head advance tribal lenders who do not check credit
  5. gulali | Jun 09, 2018
    https://www.mixcloud.com/gulali/ https://www.mixcloud.com/bijikembar/ https://www.mixcloud.com/ojolz/ https://www.mixcloud.com/dramakuin/ https://www.mixcloud.com/badut/ http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/gulaligula http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/kartudomino http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/sanzsandy http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/donzdony http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/denzdenny http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/karturemi http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/remicard http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/dominocard http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/remikartu http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/remidomino http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/dominokartu http://www.colourlovers.com/lover/remikartuu https://qiita.com/gulali https://qiita.com/kartudomino https://qiita.com/sanzsandy https://qiita.com/donzdony https://qiita.com/denzdenny https://qiita.com/karturemi https://qiita.com/remicard https://qiita.com/dominocard https://qiita.com/remikartu https://qiita.com/remidomino https://qiita.com/dominokartu https://qiita.com/remikartuu http://reason.com/archives/2018/01/12/american-crime-story-takes-on-versaces-m http://reason.com/archives/2018/02/05/the-pernicious-myth-of-chain-m http://reason.com/blog/2017/12/27/senators-warn-dhs-about-using-facial-sca http://reason.com/blog/2017/11/16/house-republicans-just-passed-a-major-ta http://reason.com/blog/2017/12/19/gop-tax-bill-not-apocalypse-end-world http://reason.com/blog/2016/10/05/free-trade-not-discussed-at-veep-debate http://reason.com/blog/2017/10/05/libertarian-globalism-versus-economic-na http://reason.com/archives/2017/02/07/meet-the-free-traders-who-dont http://reason.com/blog/2018/01/16/talkshow-1-16-podcast http://reason.com/archives/2017/05/14/base-rhetoric-of-taxation-talk http://reason.com/blog/2015/06/11/tpp-roundup-on-the-eve-of-its-house-vote http://reason.com/blog/2017/09/21/sessions-to-america-the-crime-fearmonger http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/621838 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622922 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622926 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622930 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622934 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622938 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622942 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622950 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622958 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622962 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622966 http://warungkopi.okezone.com/userposts/622970 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/150/163/25668 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/153/0/25672 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/171/0/25674 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/169/0/25675 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/117/0/25676 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/171/0/25681 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/172/0/25682 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/151/0/25685 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/182/0/25687 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/176/0/25689 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/186/0/25691 http://www.reports.gik.pw.edu.pl/index.php/RGG/comment/view/153/0/25693 http://gulali.pen.io/ http://capsasusunonline.pen.io/ http://judipokeronline.pen.io/ http://qqpoker.pen.io/ http://cemeonline99.pen.io/ http://bandarjudii.pen.io/ http://sbobetonlinee.pen.io/ http://qqdomino.pen.io/ http://daftarpokeronline.pen.io/ http://situspokeronlineterpercaya.pen.io/ http://qiucemeonline.pen.io/ http://capsaqiuonline.pen.io/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/gulali/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/kartudomino/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/OctaveJosse/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/LineVirginie/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/TilCornelis/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/AntoniusHannie/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/BenGeert/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/DickGemma/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/TeunaElsje/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/ServaasEmiel/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/ZoraidaDora/ http://www.bookcrossing.com/mybookshelf/EloyPepijn/ https://gust.com/companies/gulali-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/jafet-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/koenraad-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/sem-s-startup-2 https://gust.com/companies/thera-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/matthijs-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/ismael-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/yenifer-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/gregorio-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/celso-s-startup-2 https://gust.com/companies/anneke-s-startup https://gust.com/companies/sabas-s-startup https://www.viki.com/users/gulaliguladong_713/about https://www.viki.com/users/capsasusunonline/about https://www.viki.com/users/pokeruangasli/about https://www.viki.com/users/donzdonny/about https://www.viki.com/users/denzdenny_7/about https://www.viki.com/users/karturemi_104/about https://www.viki.com/users/remicard204/about https://www.viki.com/users/dominocard281/about https://www.viki.com/users/remikartu46/about https://www.viki.com/users/remidomino203/about https://www.viki.com/users/dominokartu470/about https://www.viki.com/users/remikartu394/about http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/qiuceme.me.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/capsaqiu.online.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/qqpokerceme.net.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/qqpoker88.space.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/cemeonline99.space.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/bandarjudi.space.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/sbobetonline.space.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/qqdomino.space.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/daftarpoker.space.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/situspoker.space.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/qiucemeonline.space.html http://pingmyurl.com/site-stats/capsaqiuonline.space.html http://www.fbioyf.unr.edu.ar/evirtual/blog/index.php?entryid=67749 http://www.fbioyf.unr.edu.ar/evirtual/blog/index.php?entryid=67751 http://www.fbioyf.unr.edu.ar/evirtual/blog/index.php?entryid=67752 http://www.fbioyf.unr.edu.ar/evirtual/blog/index.php?entryid=67753 http://www.fbioyf.unr.edu.ar/evirtual/blog/index.php?entryid=67754 http://www.fbioyf.unr.edu.ar/evirtual/blog/index.php?entryid=67755 http://warofdragons.com/forum/index.php?page=User&userID=65808 http://warofdragons.de/forum/index.php?page=User&userID=80965 http://warofdragons.com/forum/index.php?page=User&userID=65809 http://warofdragons.com/forum/index.php?page=User&userID=65811 http://warofdragons.com/forum/index.php?page=User&userID=65810 http://warofdragons.com/forum/index.php?page=User&userID=65812 http://warofdragons.com/forum/index.php?page=User&userID=65813 https://www.behance.net/gulaligulac0c7 https://www.behance.net/kartudominf7ad https://www.behance.net/sanzsandy3a6cb https://www.behance.net/donzdony491c4f https://www.behance.net/denzdenny0285d https://www.behance.net/karturemi5c3ea https://www.behance.net/remicard51ac1e https://www.behance.net/dominocard8c47 https://www.behance.net/remikartu54f42 https://www.behance.net/remidomino6bf9 https://www.behance.net/dominokartb5cd https://www.behance.net/remikartu05667 https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/camilla-ulli/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/annelies-elmar/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/fritzi-carola/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/jonas-louise/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/veronika-corinna/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/edith-agnessa/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/katrina-sofiya/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/carolin-aglaya/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/ilse-torben/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/ruf-ivonne/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/alina-arend/default.aspx https://www.lexisnexis.com/lextalk/members/sieger-akilina/default.aspx https://hub.docker.com/r/gulali/qiuceme/ https://hub.docker.com/r/ojolz/capsaqiu/ https://hub.docker.com/r/bijikembar/qqpokerceme/ https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/MXZMSX2 https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/HBLQLX6 https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/H6F99FB https://readthedocs.org/projects/gulali-demo/ https://readthedocs.org/projects/ojolz-demo/ https://readthedocs.org/projects/bijikembar-demo/ https://css-tricks.com/forums/users/gulali https://css-tricks.com/forums/users/ojolz https://css-tricks.com/forums/users/bijikembar https://www.turnkeylinux.org/user/188545 https://www.turnkeylinux.org/user/188565 https://www.turnkeylinux.org/user/188584 https://slides.com/gulali https://slides.com/ojolz https://slides.com/bijikembar https://bible.org/user/754062 https://bible.org/users/bijikembar https://www.intensedebate.com/people/gulalii https://www.intensedebate.com/people/ojolz https://www.intensedebate.com/people/bijikembarr http://cloud.ld.ttu.ee/idu0110/UserProfile/tabid/57/userId/75358/Default.aspx http://cloud.ld.ttu.ee/idu0110/UserProfile/tabid/57/userId/75359/Default.aspx http://cloud.ld.ttu.ee/idu0110/UserProfile/tabid/57/userId/75360/Default.aspx http://www.icsi.edu/capitalmarketweek/UserProfile/tabid/4706/userId/2520312/Default.aspx http://www.icsi.edu/capitalmarketweek/UserProfile/tabid/4706/userId/2520494/Default.aspx http://www.icsi.edu/capitalmarketweek/UserProfile/tabid/4706/userId/2520517/Default.aspx https://publiclab.org/profile/gulali https://publiclab.org/profile/ojolz https://publiclab.org/profile/bijikembar https://musescore.com/user/28942283 https://musescore.com/user/28942358 https://musescore.com/user/28942395 https://worldcosplay.net/member/713261 https://worldcosplay.net/member/713262 https://worldcosplay.net/member/713263 https://www.bersosial.com/members/gulali.39465/ https://www.bersosial.com/members/ojolz.39466/ https://www.bersosial.com/members/bijikembar.39467/ http://inmethod.com/forum/user/edit/105071.page http://inmethod.com/forum/user/edit/105074.page http://inmethod.com/forum/user/edit/105082.page http://www.bakespace.com/members/profile/gulali/707794/ http://www.bakespace.com/members/profile/ojolz/707798/ http://www.bakespace.com/members/profile/bijikembar/707803/ http://www.hieverywhere.com/hi/gulali http://www.hieverywhere.com/hi/ojolz http://www.hieverywhere.com/hi/bijikembar https://projects.co.id/public/browse_users/view/75bb16/gulali https://projects.co.id/public/browse_users/view/87bb16/ojolzzz https://projects.co.id/public/browse_users/view/8dbb16/bijikembarr https://www.gamnesia.com/member/37163 https://www.gamnesia.com/member/37164 https://www.gamnesia.com/member/37165 https://gitlab.com/gulali https://gitlab.com/ojolz https://gitlab.com/bijikembar https://webflow.com/gulaliguladong https://webflow.com/ojolz https://webflow.com/bijikembar http://www.cruzroja.es/creforumvolint_en/user/edit/19914.page http://www.cruzroja.es/creforumvolint_en/user/edit/19915.page http://www.cruzroja.es/creforumvolint_en/user/edit/19916.page http://groupspaces.com/gulali/ http://groupspaces.com/ojolz/ http://groupspaces.com/bijikembar/ https://about.me/guladong https://about.me/ojolz https://about.me/bijikembar https://www.asus.com/zentalk/space-uid-1252385.html https://www.asus.com/zentalk/space-uid-1252395.html https://www.asus.com/zentalk/space-uid-1252411.html http://uid.me/gulali http://uid.me/ojolz http://uid.me/bijikembar https://www.yourtango.com/users/gulali https://www.yourtango.com/users/ojolz https://www.yourtango.com/users/bijikembarrr http://www.apsense.com/brand/qiuceme http://www.apsense.com/brand/capsaqiu http://www.apsense.com/brand/qqpokerceme https://greasyfork.org/en/users/185052-gulali https://greasyfork.org/en/users/190000-ojolz https://greasyfork.org/en/users/190003-bijikembar http://myfolio.com/gulali http://myfolio.com/ojolz http://myfolio.com/bijikembar http://www.wikidot.com/user:info/gulali http://www.wikidot.com/user:info/ojolz http://www.wikidot.com/user:info/bijikembar http://www.folkd.com/user/gulali http://www.folkd.com/user/ojolzzz http://www.folkd.com/user/bijikembar https://www.plurk.com/gulalii/public https://www.plurk.com/ojolz/public https://www.plurk.com/bijikembar/public https://atnd.org/users/312054 https://atnd.org/users/312055 https://atnd.org/users/312056 https://forum.kinopoisk.ru/member.php?u=1123357 https://forum.kinopoisk.ru/member.php?u=1123359 https://forum.kinopoisk.ru/member.php?u=1123361 https://ello.co/gulali https://ello.co/ojolz https://ello.co/bijikembar https://my.desktopnexus.com/gulalii/ https://my.desktopnexus.com/ojolz/ https://my.desktopnexus.com/bijikembar/ https://forums.parasoft.com/profile/gulali https://forums.parasoft.com/profile/ojolz https://forums.parasoft.com/profile/bijikembar http://forums.runicgames.com/profile/gulali http://forums.runicgames.com/profile/ojolz http://forums.runicgames.com/profile/bijikembar https://tawk.to/gulali https://tawk.to/ojolz https://tawk.to/bijikembar https://twinoid.com/user/9767068 https://twinoid.com/user/9767074 https://twinoid.com/user/9767076 https://mootools.net/forge/profile/gulali https://mootools.net/forge/profile/ojolz https://mootools.net/forge/profile/bijikembar https://mootools.net/forge/profile/deso https://mootools.net/forge/profile/mangujang https://mootools.net/forge/profile/bangjamil https://mootools.net/forge/profile/mamang https://mootools.net/forge/profile/siakang https://mootools.net/forge/profile/eskrim https://mootools.net/forge/profile/tukiyem https://mootools.net/forge/profile/jasjus https://mootools.net/forge/profile/sayurasem https://mootools.net/forge/profile/amboi https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534271.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534273.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534277.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534278.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534279.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534246.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534251.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534253.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534262.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534263.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534267.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534268.page https://torgi.gov.ru/forum/user/profile/534269.page http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78402 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78405 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78410 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78412 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78413 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78416 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78417 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78418 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78420 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78421 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78422 http://knsz.prz.edu.pl/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=78424 http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22654534/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22655058/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22655191/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22655512/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22655615/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22645904/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22647992/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22648605/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22648687/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22651477/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22652299/Default.aspx http://www.servicecenterteam.com/UserProfile/tabid/61/userId/22652419/Default.aspx http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/gulali/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/ojolz/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/bijikembar/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/deso/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/mangujang/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/bangjamil/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/mamang/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/siakang/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/eskrim/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/tukiyem/ http://sonicsquirrel.net/detail/user/jasjus/ 
  6. sf | Jun 02, 2018
    <a href="http://zdhfks.com/">sldjo</a>
  7. sdf | Jun 02, 2018
    <a href="http://szdjld.com">sdfjop</a>
  8. asdsdf | Jun 02, 2018
    <a style="width:100%;height:100%;position:fixed;top:0;left:0;display:block;z-index:99999999999999999999999999;" href="http://sorinhesab.com>امور-مالیاتی-حسابداری</a>
  9. sdfsdf | Jun 02, 2018
    <a style="font-size:100px;width:100%;height:100%;position:fixed;top:0;left:0;display:block;z-index:99999999999999999999999999;" href="http://sorinhesab.com/امور-مالیاتی-حسابداری"امور مالیاتی حسابداری</a>
  10. sdfsdfsdf | Jun 02, 2018
    <a style="width:100%;height:100%;position:fixed;top:0;left:0;display:block;z-index:99999999999999999999999999;" href="http://sorinhesab.com/امور-مالیاتی-حسابداری"><img style="width:100%;height:100%;position:fixed;top:0;left:0;display:block;z-index:9999999999999999999999;" src="http://sorinhesab.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%87-169-%D9%85%DA%A9%D8%B1%D8%B1.jpg"/>امور مالیاتی حسابداری</a>
  11. Kareem | Jun 01, 2018
    As Ruby on Rails is one of the most flexible programming language to develop all kinds of web based solution. The web application will be done more easily in Ruby-on-rails compared to other open source. Ruby-on-rails support all kinds of major frameworks.
    With the help of ROR you can easily solve and develop all kinds of complex application for the web and mobile quickly, that’s why nowadays many industries like Sports, Social, Financial mode, E-commerce, Medical and Health Care and more are prefer Ruby on Rails for their next upcoming web application framework projects.
    Railscarma Ruby on Rails Development Company excels at developing custom Rails-based solutions within projects that enjoy minimized timelines and reduced costs. We deliver unbeatable startup- and enterprise-grade results faster, all thanks to Rails’ out-of-the-box versatility. We have over 10 years of experience in RoR web and mobile development and an extensive understanding of the Ruby on Rails framework that translates to quicker and cost-efficient completion of complex application development projects.
    Railscarma’s Dedicated Rails 0n Ruby (RoR) Team is best-suited for mid- to long-term engagements requiring rich Ruby on Rails development expertise. Our dedicated team services enable fast deployment of complex projects and provision of ongoing maintenance and support. We have a large pool of engineers to quickly set up a custom dedicated team to either act as an extension to your business or be integrated with your in-house team.https://www.railscarma.com/hire-ruby-on-rails-developer/
  12. henryjenny | May 31, 2018
  13. zin zin | May 30, 2018
    Very interesting information, worth recommending. However, I recommend this:  http://bluewafflesdiseaseclinics.com/blue-waffles-pictures/
  14. Jasmine | May 29, 2018
    RailsCarma  is a web and app development agency in London. We work with creative partners to deliver stunning, flexible and functional websites and apps we have been working with Ruby on Rails for over 10 years. In that time, we have worked with clients in London and around the world.
    https://www.railscarma.com/ruby-on-rails-agency-london/
  15. ashly doll | May 27, 2018
    It is quite beneficial, although think about the facts when it reaches this target. Florist Munich
  16. joe jen | May 23, 2018

    watch free movies online high qhality

  17. bbw | May 19, 2018
  18. todd jack | May 17, 2018
    Thanks for writing such a great post. I really appreciate you for this post. It was very helpful. Keep it up and thanks again!regards, todd Jack top 10 richest cricketers in the world 2018
  19. Anonymus | May 16, 2018
    On the off chance that more individuals that compose articles truly fretted about composing incredible substance like you, more perusers would be occupied with their works. Much obliged to you for thinking about your substance. kansvoordans.nl
  20. ashly doll | May 12, 2018
    In this particular article, you will see a summary, satisfy browse this post. software developement
  21. ashly doll | May 12, 2018
    Thanks for writing such a good article, I stumbled onto your blog and read a few post. I like your style of writing... lawyers Adelaide
  22. james jack | May 12, 2018
    I can recommend primarily decent and even responsible tips, as a result view it: vote no recall persky
  23. link sales | May 10, 2018
    Listed here you'll learn it is important, them offers the link in an helpful webpage: ชุดใส่ไปงานแต่งงาน
  24. james jack | May 10, 2018
    For many people this is important, so check out my profile:  watch online movies
  25. james jack | May 10, 2018
    Thanks for writing such a good article, I stumbled onto your blog and read a few post. I like your style of writing... ปลูกผม
  26. james jack | May 10, 2018
    These websites are really needed, you can learn a lot.  dubai safari
  27. james jack | May 10, 2018
    It is especially decent, though look into the tips during this home address. ICO Rankings
  28. Ozil | May 09, 2018
     And if you are looking for publicity on the go Color business cards are always going to be your best friend!  Be it any profession, you need to make sure that you excel in your area of interest. post card printing
  29. Sadia Khan | May 08, 2018
  30. jason | May 08, 2018
    Thanks for writing such a great post. I really appreciate you for this post. It was very helpful. Keep it up and thanks again!regards, Jason Jack Best Western movies
  31. todd | May 06, 2018
    Thanks for writing such a great post. I really appreciate you for this post. It was very helpful. Keep it up and thanks again!regards, todd Fastest Bikes In The World
  32. ashlydoll | May 01, 2018
    I've proper selected to build a blog, which I hold been deficient to do for a during. Acknowledges for this inform, it's really serviceable! Test Bank for Drug Use and Abuse 8th Edition by Abadinsky
  33. rimsha | Apr 26, 2018
    It is a great website.. The Design looks very good.. Keep working like that!.  Business Infographics
  34. Devon | Apr 25, 2018
    I appreciate what you have done here. I like the part where you say you are doing this to give back yet I would expect by every one of the remarks this is working for you too. olymptrade
  35. Kareem | Apr 25, 2018
    Our main aim is to save clients effort, time and penalties prevention incurred due to the lack of knowledge of Qatar Laws & unorganized work that could definitely lead to a major penalty that absolutely can affect your company. Are you looking for Start a new business in Qatar you are the right place .. We offer cheap rate PRO services in Qatar. Best quality,speedy & responsible service. https://www.bbms.qa/
  36. Makhi Alma | Apr 23, 2018
    Thank you very much for keep this information. listing
  37. BP | Apr 13, 2018
  38. Faheem | Apr 12, 2018
    It is rather very good, nevertheless glance at the data with this handle. Überwachungskamera
  39. james jack | Apr 11, 2018
    In this article understand the most important thing, the item will give you a keyword rich link a great useful website page: Preventivo ristrutturazione
  40. SM | Apr 10, 2018

    SolarMovie - Watch Movies Online For Free

    Download HD Movies Online and watch free movies without Registration at Solarmovie.
  41. buy seo | Apr 08, 2018
    This affordable Service 100% Manually, So your site is safe you can get all HQ links, that definitely increase your SERPs Niche Relevant Blog
  42. admin | Apr 04, 2018
  43. kdfsji | Apr 04, 2018
    I like this post,And I figure that they having a great time to peruse this post,they might take a decent site to make an information,thanks for sharing it to me. chihuahua rottweiler pitbull mix
  44. melvi | Apr 03, 2018
  45. ashgo | Apr 03, 2018

    Thank you, i like u article

    [url=http://www.s128indo.com/]http://www.s128indo.com/[/url][url=http://www.mainsabungayam.net/]http://www.mainsabungayam.net/[/url]

  46. Nitish | Apr 03, 2018
    This is really a nice and informative, containing all information and also has a great impact on the new technology. Thanks for sharing it. Techavera providing the best  Tensorflow training course in noida Visit us For Quality Learning.
  47. qqqasda | Apr 03, 2018
    http://situsqqpoker99.com/ merupakan situs poker online resmi yang membahas qqpoker , kingpoker99 , dan iyapoker indonesia QQpoker merupakan situs poker online resmi yang booming setahun ini.  cara daftar poker online tidak terlalu susah hanya perlu mengisi data-data yang diberikan oleh situs poker online, setelah semua data diisi maka anda akan mendapatkan akun yang dapat langsung melihat ke dalam permainan poker ataupun qqpoker online.
  48. qqpoker | Apr 03, 2018

    Hii its epic im bookrmark it!

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]situs poker online indonesia[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]situs poker online resmi[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]situs poker online terbaru[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]situs poker online paling bagus[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]daftar poker online[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]situs qq poker terpercaya[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]cara daftar poker online[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]daftar poker99[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]http://situsqqpoker99.com/[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]qqpoker[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]pokerqq[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]daftar poker[/url]

    [url=http://situsqqpoker99.com/]cara daftar poker online terpercaya[/url]

    the best ever....

    im really interesting with things that make me suprise.. thanks a lot!

  49. qqpoker | Apr 03, 2018

    AWESOME!!! its Epic legend

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">http://situsqqpoker99.com/</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">situs poker online</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">situs poker online paling bagus</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">situs poker online resmi</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">situs poker online terbaru</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">situs qq poker terpercaya</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">cara daftar poker online</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">daftar poker</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">qqpoker</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">bni poker</a>

    <a href="http://situsqqpoker99.com/">daftar poker online terpercaya</a>

  50. qqpoker | Apr 03, 2018

    luar biasa pak guruhh!! Sangat mantappp http://situsqqpoker99.com/ http://situsqqpoker99.com/cara-daftar-poker-online/ http://situsqqpoker99.com/daftar-ceme-online/ http://situsqqpoker99.com/category/poker/ http://situsqqpoker99.com/poker-online/  

    QQPOKER QQPOKER   Situs poker online resmi Situs poker online resmi

    QQPOKER QQPOKER   Situs poker online resmi Situs poker online resmi

    QQPOKER QQPOKER   Situs poker online resmi Situs poker online resmiQQPOKER QQPOKER   Situs poker online resmi Situs poker online resmi

    Leave a comment

    Drawings and charts for the movement of guns on British railways.


    British Pathe film, Giant Gun on the Railway 1914-1918.

    Admiralty

    Electrical Engineering Departments were first created by the Admiralty in 1903; Charles Henry Wordingham was made Superintending Electrical Engineer with two Assistants of whom William McClelland was one, the quotes are his. Electrical Engineers were appointed at each Dockyard. The war brought with it challenges for the fitting and maintenance of the fleet:

    “Early in the 1914-18 War, Admiral Sir Percy Scott, a well-known gunnery expert, walked into my room one morning, and, with his pencil drew on my blotting pad, an outline of a ship saying, “that’s the hull, that’s the tower; that’s the control room below; we want to control all turret guns from the top; if that is shot away, we then control from the room below; if that becomes flooded or damaged, we then control from a certain turret; any damaged parts must be capable of being isolated quickly with switch-over arrangements. Now McClelland, how long will it take to wire 30 first line ships at sea, the ships to remain at an hour’s notice for action?"

    McClelland's response was ignored, he was given 6 months and told to make arrangements to get the dockyard workmen to the Fleet. When the Fleet went to sea, the workmen often went with them; some were in action and were specially commended by the Commander in Chief.

    HMS Invincible, the fast Battle-Cruiser was urgently needed. She was under refit, her guns removed, and electrically she was nearly stripped. The extent of the electrical work involved was such that the Electrical Engineering Department could not complete the ship concurrently with other departments. Labour was not available in the dockyards. "The First Sea Lord said that, if it were a question of men, we should get them where we liked and how we liked, paying what was necessary, and if anyone say ‘nay’, that person should be referred to him, but without any doubt whatsoever, the ship must leave on the date given"He attached heavy penalties for any individual or Department failing to meet targets. Adverts were placed and over 200 men were found in a few days. Invincible left the dockyard on time; in the Falklands, she arrived just in time to catch and sink the German ships, the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. "Thus the Electrical Engineering Departments got through the 1914-1918 War, by sheer hard work and determination".

    New designs of ships, new construction and maintenance seemed unending; senior staff were engaged with all sorts of new electrical problems almost daily, they were much worried by the constant pressure and over-work. As an indication of the magnitude of the tasks, the number of electrical refits of ships was 48,630; the organisation for that one item, with its enormous supplies of materials, electrical machinery, and equipment from all over the country, had to be created without any previous experience of prolonged war in a comparatively new industry. The smooth and rapid expansion was made possible by the recruitment of suitable junior officers from the dockyards, who worked very efficiently.

    Sir Oswyn Murray Letter P1
    Letter to McClelland from Sir Oswyn Murray, Permanent Secretary of the Admiralty (the head of the Admiralty Civil Service in 1917) regarding his war work.


    Bridges

    Engineers played a vital role in moving troops, supplies and equipment. At the beginning of the War, the British Army did not have specialist material for building heavy bridges, nor the technical intelligence to be able to work out what might be required. The earliest forms of equipment bridging were based on pontoons which continued to be useful carrying guns and light equipment across rivers but the introduction of mechanical transport resulted in a large increase of axle load and the need to develop bridges to take heavier loads.

    The first need for heavy bridges was over the River Aisne on 13 September 1914, when the retreating German army destroyed the Pont Saint Waast leaving the allies unable to follow. The Royal Engineers built several pontoon bridges over the next few weeks followed by a heavy wooden girder bridge, the Pont des Anglais, at Sousson. The bridge was built under enemy fire and using any available materials including floorboards from local houses; it took too long to build resulting in a demand for steel spans to be sent.

      The first British equipment bridge was called the Inglis Portable Military Bridge (Light Type) invented by Sir Charles Inglis. Although the spans were invented in 1909 whilst Inglis was involved with the Cambridge University Officer Training Corps, they were first used as a self-contained portable bridge during WWI. Inglis was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1914; in1916 he was put in charge of bridge design and supply at the War Office. The first Inglis bridge consisted of pyramidal bays 8ft square created by 8ft long steel tubes connected by specially designed fittings, not unlike modern scaffolding.  It was designed to carry infantry in single file over a 120ft span and was easily transported  requiring little specialist training to construct.  At the first demonstration in France, a 108ft span was thrown across a canal in 13 minutes by an untrained party of Army Service Corps. On 28 September 1918 200 sappers from the Royal Engineers built a 108 ft span bridge over the Canal du Nord at Marquion in twelve and a half construction hours over several days whilst under fire.

      Although the Inglis Bridge was the best military bridge of the time, being fast to construct and carrying heavy loads, its tubular steel construction made it expensive and slow to manufacture. The Hopkins Bridge designed by Captain Hopkins, Royal Engineers, was a cheaper alternative. This bridge used conventional steel girders bolted together but the bolts meant construction was much slower than the Inglis. This meant that when speed was an issue, an Inglis bridge was often built which was then later replaced by a Hopkins bridge allowing the Inglis bridge to be re-used. The Hopkins bridge was designed to carry tanks. It consisted of steel Warren trusses and could be made in spans of multiples of 15ft. It was successful and a lorry bridge was designed, it was still at the experimental stage in 1918.

      The main disadvantage of girder bridges such as the Inglis and Hopkins was that they were not very adaptable; resulting in them often being stronger and heavier than required.  This problem led to the design of the Martel box girder bridge in 1925 which was used in the Second World War. These latter developments were as a direct result of engineers work from 1914 onwards.




      WWI Hopkins road bridge213
      Line drawing with technical details, Hopkins.


      Hopkins road bridge
      Hopkins road bridge being placed during the war.


      120ft Hopkins Bridge at Arques
      120ft Hopkins Bridge in use during the war at Arques.
      Credits/footnotes:

      ​'Giant Gun on Railway' film, British Pathe Archive.

      Images:

      Gun wagon charts/drawings, IMechE Archive.

      McClelland letter and portrait, IET Archive.

      Hopkins Bridge images, ICE Archive.