Our special guest features look in more detail at some of the ways the First World War impacted engineering, and related fields. From medicine to aviation no corner of engineering was left untouched.

Tunnelling in WWI

"Here we are sapping and mining under Fritz’s trenches and he is doing the same under ours and we can hear him quite distinctly by aid of a microphone listener."     Sgt Frederick

Mining as a method of breaking the built defences of an enemy has an ancient heritage. The Egyptians were known to have undermined city walls and the Assyrians had specialised engineering troops in 850BC. Mining became a standard tactic in siege warfare and by the 17th Century designers such a Vauban were including complex counter mining measures into their geometric fortifications.

However, as artillery increased in power, prolonged sieges became a less frequent feature of warfare. That is until the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) gave a precursor of what was to become a common and terrifying element of the First World War.

By the end of 1914, as the opposing forces reached stalemate, the ubiquitous trenches of the Western Front began to emerge. Conditions for viable military mining were born and the lethal work of digging beneath the enemy’s fixed field defences, laying mines and counter mines began.

German Tunnel
A German tunnel

Formation of Royal Engineer (RE) Tunnelling

German Pioneers blew the first mine of the War late in 1914. This new threat from below  caused increased uneasiness in the British Infantry in their nascent trenches. British mining began on a localised level only, with shafts being sunk from front line trenches by RE Field Companies and skilled infantry. However, it was very quickly apparent that a more organised approach was the only way of ensuring schemes of sustainable defensive mining to counter the German threat.

As with so much of the advancement in military technology during the War, the impetus and organisations of an expanded military mining capability came from the civilian world.

At the outbreak of the War a millionaire entrepreneur, MP and mining engineer, John Norton Griffiths, had offered his  expertise to the War Office but with expectations of a short campaign his offer was turned down. All changed in February 1915 when he was given authority to raise a Tunnelling Company from workers employed him for the extension of Manchester's sewage system.

Norton Griffiths had realised that the geology of Manchester was very similar to that of Flanders and that the technique known a 'Clay Kicking', used by miners in his UK works, could easily transfer to the Front line. With his inimitable energy it took only 36 hours for the first 18 Clay Kickers to transfer to military service and be tunnelling to the enemy.

From this small beginning tunnelling capabilities expanded, reaching their peak in 1916 when around 25,000 men were employed in the 'Underground War'. Their tunnels protected 30 of the 80 miles of British held front line and 1,500 mines were blown.

Tunnelling Officers' Mines Rescue Class, Dudley Rescue School
Tunnelling Officers' Mines Rescue Class, Dudley Rescue School

Silent War

The main purpose of the Tunnellers work was to protect the infantry in their trenches from the actions of German Pioneers. This subterranean theatre of War relied on accuracy, technical ability and nerve.

In the clay of Flanders, Tunnellers employed the peacetime technique of ‘clay kicking’. With his back braced the seated miner would use his legs to push an extremely sharp ‘grafting tool’ into the clay. Working from the bottom up the kicker would work 9 inches before fixing a set of timber, a bagger would bag up the spoil and a trammer loaded a tram taking the spoil the surface. The process was almost silent and very fast.

In the chalk valley of the Somme, Norton Griffiths, turned to coal mining techniques and a relaxed top age of enlistment enabled very experienced civilian miners to enter military service. Digging proceeded with pick and some mechanisation but many tunnel galleries and mine chambers still had to be completed by hand, cutting the chalk with bayonets to limit noise.

In this way extensive systems progressed along and across the front lines; spearheading an enormous logistical effort to supply timber, explosives and other equipment whilst ensuring that spoil and any other sign of mining remained unobserved.

Secrecy was paramount as both sides established underground listening posts to monitor enemy activity and progress. At first relatively rudimentary methods such as water in a glass and augers were used but by 1915 the introduction of geophones was enabling much more accuracy. Using these tunnelling could be heard in clay from 100m and in chalk from a 240m distance. Establishing quiet relied fundamentally on discipline and attention to detail. British miners wore plimsolls underground, Germans remained in their hobnailed boots; British trucks and trams ran on rails screwed into place, German rails were nailed and by 1916 all British mine trolleys had self-oiling bearings.

Added, therefore, to the not inconsiderable general hazards of mining was the constant threat of defensive action by the enemy. Each side strove to disrupt the advancing enemy. Camouflet mines would be used to blow and cave-in enemy galleries; a staggered detonation could be primed to hit the rescue party which would deploy after the first blow. There are also instances of incursion and attack with hand to hand fighting taking place in mine galleries themselves.

Using geophone VI.27
Using geophone VI.27

Offensive Operations

The Somme offensive saw the first use of mining in the opening stages of a major 'push'. Months in advance of the battle thousands of RE Tunnellers worked to preparing 19 mines. These targeted strategic positions on the German front line.

Minutes before the first assault the mines were blown. The largest, Lochnegar mine at La Boiselle, blew over 60,000lbs of ammonal explosive and sent debris nearly 4000ft into the air. It successfully destroyed 9 German dugouts, about 300 men. However, as with many of the mines, the British failed to capture the strategic position formed by the crater. German machine gunners quickly positioned themselves on this vantage point.

Tunnelling Companies were also tasked with digging Russian Saps. These shallow tunnels crossed no-mans land to within metres of the German frontline with machine gun or trench mortar positions at their head. They could have provided essential shelter for Infantry, or surprise attack positions for bombing (grenade) parties before the attack. Many, however, were built in such secrecy that the Infantry were unaware of their existence whilst others were used successfully for communications and reinforcements.

Without doubt the most successful mining operation of the War was that at the Messine Ridge Offensive on the Ypres Salient 1917. Here 6000 Sappers and attached Infantry prepared 19 mines, holding nearly 1 million lbs of explosives across a 10 mile front.  The effort was enormous, relying on successful dispersals of tons of spoil, accurate surveying of targeted German positions and the constant husbandry of many mines which had been laid and tamped over a year in advance.  Time and geology combined to allow an extensive system which, when blown destroyed an enormous area of ground and is thought to have instantly killed 10,000 Germans. The remaining defenders were profoundly disorientated and incapable of mounting any resistance to the British attack. Indeed the blast even concussed some British troops waiting to attack.

Messine really marked the end of large scale offensive mining operations and defensive tactics began to shift. Tunnelling Companies were increasingly used to construct enormous subterranean systems of accommodation, headquarters, dressing stations and subways. During the final British Offensive in 1918 their knowledge of explosives, attention to detail and safety saw them remove about 2.5 million pounds of explosives from German mines and booby traps.

"The fighting spirit and technical efficiency [of the Tunnellers] has advanced the reputation of the whole Corps of Royal Engineers."      Field Marshal Douglas Haig

Lochnegar Mine Crater

Lochnegar Mine Crater

by Karyn French | 01 Jun, 2016


Leave a comment
  1. obat pembesar penis | Oct 16, 2018






  2. nawi212 | Oct 06, 2018
  3. nawi212 | Oct 05, 2018
    ini ke 17harga konstruksi baja rumah jasa konstruksiharga konstruksi baja surabaya jasa konstruksi besi bajaharga konstruksi baja untuk rumah tinggal jasa konstruksi gudangharga konstruksi baja untuk pabrik jasa konstruksi gedungkonstruksi baja indonesia jasa konstruksi baja wfperusahaan konstruksi baja di indonesia jasa konstruksi jembatankonstruksi baja jogja jasa konstruksi bangunankonstruksi jalan baja jasa konstruksikonstruksi baja pada jembatan jasa konstruksi besi bajakonstruksi baja wf jakarta jasa konstruksi gudangbengkel las konstruksi baja jakarta jasa konstruksi gedungjasa konstruksi baja semarang jasa konstruksi baja wfjasa konstruksi baja berat jasa konstruksi jembatankonstruksi baja kastela jasa konstruksi bangunankonstruksi kolom baja jasa konstruksikonstruksi kapal baja 1 jasa konstruksi besi bajakonstruksi kabel baja jasa konstruksi gudangkontraktor konstruksi baja di surabaya jasa konstruksi gedungkegagalan konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi baja wfkonstruksi baja lantai 2 jasa konstruksi jembatankonstruksi baja lengkung jasa konstruksi bangunankonstruksi baja lanjut jasa konstruksikonstruksi baja lift jasa konstruksi besi bajakonstruksi atap baja lengkung jasa konstruksi gudangkonstruksi baja murah jasa konstruksi gedungkonstruksi baja masjid jasa konstruksi baja wfkonstruksi baja medan jasa konstruksi jembatankonstruksi baja minimalis jasa konstruksi bangunankonstruksi baja menara air jasa konstruksikonstruksi baja malang jasa konstruksi besi bajakonstruksi baja per m2 jasa konstruksi gudangjasa konstruksi baja makassar jasa konstruksi gedungkonstruksi baja nganjuk jasa konstruksi baja wfongkos konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi jembatankonstruksi baja palembang jasa konstruksi bangunankonstruksi baja pada bangunan bertingkat jasa konstruksikonstruksi baja pekanbaru jasa konstruksi besi bajakonstruksi baja pipa jasa konstruksi gudangkonstruksi baja rumah tingkat jasa konstruksi gedungkonstruksi baja siku jasa konstruksi baja wfkonstruksi baja solo jasa konstruksi jembatankonstruksi baja sederhana jasa konstruksi bangunankonstruksi baja stadion jasa konstruksikonstruksi baja sambungan baut jasa konstruksi besi bajakonstruksi baja samarinda jasa konstruksi gudangkonstruksi sambungan baja jasa konstruksi gedungbengkel konstruksi baja surabaya jasa konstruksi baja wfkonstruksi baja teknik sipil jasa konstruksi jembatanperusahaan konstruksi baja surabaya jasa konstruksi bangunankonstruksi baja tangga jasa konstruksikonstruksi turap baja jasa konstruksi besi bajakonstruksi baja batang tekan jasa konstruksi gudangteknologi konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi gedungtahapan konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi baja wfkonstruksi baja untuk bangunan jasa konstruksi jembatankonstruksi baja untuk ruko jasa konstruksi bangunankonstruksi baja untuk pabrik jasa konstruksisistem konstruksi baja untuk struktur bangunan jasa konstruksi besi bajakonstruksi baja vs beton jasa konstruksi gudangkonstruksi baja wf 300 jasa konstruksi gedungjasa konstruksi grade jasa konstruksi jembatantarif jasa pelaksana konstruksi gred 3 jasa konstruksi bangunankak jasa konstruksi pembangunan gedung jasa konstruksijasa konstruksi holcim jasa konstruksi besi bajajasa konstruksi hotel jasa konstruksi gudangjasa konstruksi hartoyo jasa konstruksi gedungjasa hitung konstruksi jasa konstruksi baja wfharga jasa konstruksi baja wf jasa konstruksi jembatanharga jasa konstruksi besi jasa konstruksi bangunanjasa konstruksi jalan jasa konstruksijasa konstruksi luar negeri jasa konstruksi besi bajajasa konstruksi listrik jasa konstruksi gudangjasa konstruksi lampung jasa konstruksi gedungjasa las konstruksi jasa konstruksi baja wfjasa konstruksi medan jasa konstruksi jembatanjasa konstruksi makassar jasa konstruksi bangunanjasa konstruksi migas jasa konstruksijasa konstruksi manado jasa konstruksi besi bajajasa non konstruksi migas jasa konstruksi gudangjasa konstruksi nasional jasa konstruksi gedungjasa pemborongan non konstruksi jasa konstruksi baja wfjasa konstruksi oleh orang pribadi jasa konstruksi jembatanjasa konstruksi pabrik jasa konstruksi bangunanjasa konstruksi pma jasa konstruksijasa konstruksi psak jasa konstruksi besi bajajasa perhitungan konstruksi jasa konstruksi gudangjasa pembuatan konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi gedungjasa pemasangan konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi baja wfjasa konstruksi reklame jasa konstruksi jembatanjasa konstruksi semarang jasa konstruksi bangunanjasa konstruksi sipil jasa konstruksijasa konstruksi spbu jasa konstruksi besi bajasni jasa konstruksi jasa konstruksi gudangjasa konstruksi bangunan surabaya jasa konstruksi gedungjasa konstruksi tower jasa konstruksi baja wfjasa konstruksi tarif jasa konstruksi jembatanjasa konstruksi terbesar di indonesia jasa konstruksi bangunanjasa konstruksi tanpa npwp jasa konstruksijasa konstruksi jawa tengah jasa konstruksi besi bajajasa konstruksi baja wf bandung jasa konstruksi gudangwebsite jasa konstruksi jasa konstruksi gedungwww.jasa konstruksi.net jasa konstruksi baja wfwww.jasa konstruksi jasa konstruksi jembatanjasa konstruksi yogyakarta jasa konstruksi bangunanjasa konstruksi baja di yogyakarta jasa konstruksijasa konstruksi berapa jasa konstruksi besi bajajasa konstruksi besi di solo jasa konstruksi gudangjasa konstruksi baja di surabaya jasa konstruksi gedungjasa konstruksi baja denpasar jasa konstruksi baja wfjasa borongan konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi jembatanjasa konstruksi atap baja ringan jasa konstruksi bangunanharga borongan jasa konstruksi baja jasa konstruksijasa pekerjaan konstruksi baja jasa konstruksi besi bajajasa konstruksi bangunan jakarta jasa konstruksi gudangbiro jasa konstruksi dan bangunan jasa konstruksi gedungjasa konstruksi dan bangunan jasa konstruksi baja wffabrikasi besi baja jasa konstruksi jembatanfabrikasi baja di jakarta jasa konstruksi bangunanfabrikasi struktur jasa konstruksijasa fabrikasi baja jasa konstruksi besi bajajasa fabrikasi metal jasa konstruksi gudangjasa fabrikasi surabaya jasa konstruksi gedungjasa fabrikasi cikarang jasa konstruksi baja wfjasa fabrikasi pipa jasa konstruksi jembatanharga jasa fabrikasi baja jasa konstruksi bangunanharga jasa fabrikasi jasa konstruksijasa fabrikasi tangki jasa konstruksi besi bajaJual Jaket Parka Jual Jaket ParkaJaket Parka Jaket Parkajasa konstruksi gudang jasa konstruksi gedungjasa konstruksi baja wfjasa konstruksi jembatan jasa konstruksi bangunan
  4. eliza | Oct 02, 2018
    I think that thanks for the valuabe information and insights you have so provided here. Godwins removals
  5. sundabet | Sep 28, 2018
    welcome betting online biggest in Asia, Sundabet.comSportsbookLive casinoSlot gamesFish hunterTogelPokerRacingWith Bonus Cashback up to 10%, Bonus Turnover up to 1%, Bonus 15.000 for everyday.join now in Sundabet.com
  6. situs aborsi resmi | Sep 25, 2018
  7. Sembaruthi Tamil | Sep 25, 2018
    How to Deal Watch the latest and catch up episodes of Sembaruthi TV serial online in full (Tamil) HD anytime, anywhere only on ZEE5 – where you feel the TV serials come Again Today http://tamilserialtv.net/
  8. KendalRocha | Sep 22, 2018
    They are really working hard despite of the hazards that may easily come to them in that tunnel. 交友網站
  9. aaa | Sep 20, 2018
    HyperLink Example

  10. BB TEST | Sep 20, 2018
    [url=https://www.bbcode.org/]This be bbcode.org![/url]
  11. PERANGSANG | Sep 19, 2018
    , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
  12. MarcoRocky | Sep 19, 2018
    Even I don't through that era, but I know the struggling of that era. So, I feel lucky born on this era.   sexy halloween costumes
  13. Keira Buckley | Sep 10, 2018

    I remember the those days when I was part of this war it was such an hard days of my life we use to struggle so hard in order to getting achievements.

    Car accident claim UK 

  14. Situs Aborsi Resmi | Sep 04, 2018
  15. Abung | Sep 03, 2018
    Saat ini banyak sekali usaha di bidang konstruksi jalan akan tetapi untuk mendapatkan kontraktor murah berkualitas cobalah mengunjungi kami disini jasa pengaspalan jalan atau disini jasa pengaspalan dapatkan penawaran murah dengan hasil maksimal
  16. Quality Assignment Help | Sep 03, 2018

    We are having the best team of masters and Ph.D. degree professionals that are well-versed in every academic subject. Quality Assignment Help is what every student require, thus the homework experts at StudentsAssignmentHelp.com working continue to make sure your receive excellent work. 

  17. asd | Sep 02, 2018
    Some really   interesting info  , well written and  loosely  user  genial . their explanation
  18. jacky | Aug 31, 2018
    Hey what a splendid post I have run over and trust me I have been scanning out for this comparative sort of post for recent week and scarcely ran over this. Much thanks and will search for more postings from you.  online ukrainian dating
  19. Maisy | Aug 26, 2018
    The loan application called the (1003) will tell a story of your financial picture.. With the establishment of myriad of online lending companies, the way you are going to avail loan is so much simple and chequeless loans loans are loans that can be availed without using any kind of cheque which is in your name.. To deal with all such problems the lenders have designed bad credit unsecured loans which are free from all such problems and thus you get hassle free cash.. hummingbird loans loans bad credit lenders only | hummingbird loans installment loan online direct lender | hummingbird loans money lenders not brokers | hummingbird loans what is an open installment loan | hummingbird loans list of no credit check tribal loans
  20. sda | Aug 25, 2018
    Its an incredible joy perusing your post.Its brimming with data I am searching for and I want to post a remark that "The substance of your post is marvelous" Great work.  voyance gratuite par telephone numero non surtaxe sans cb
  21. http://www.poker18dewa.com | Aug 21, 2018
    I found this website and I must say that it looks wonderful and I am glad to be a part of this community. ._________________________________ .Dayton Roofers http://www.poker18dewa.com
  22. seo | Aug 17, 2018
    A debt of gratitude is in order for sharing the post.. folks are universes best individual in every existences of individual..they need or must succeed to manage needs of the crew.  http://satta-matka.com
  23. Ishqbaaz | Aug 16, 2018
    Ishqbaaz Drama is released and going well in TRP. This drama crossed all the trps in just 500 episodes. The review of this drama serial is good. and the strory line is much intersting and unique and from the start. No Single scene of this drama is boring. Ishqbaaz Drama
  24. Juliana | Aug 15, 2018
    Such troubles can be solved by getting loan assistance and loan assistance can be obtained by salaried people but what about those who are living on benefits.. - Documents required before granting the loan: generally, the paperwork that asks financial institutions to grant the loan are: original and photocopy ID, last tax return, copy of the two or three recent pay slips, employment history and properties of single notes in the event that property is taken.. Nowadays, the providers of loans have cropped up all over the net which makes it pretty easy to obtain the loans at better stipulations.. installment loan get | installment loan direct lenders apply | get installment loan online | money lending agencies | direct lender installment loan up to $2500 | direct lenders installment loan
  25. bhasin | Aug 15, 2018
    Are you looking for CALL GIRLS in Bangalore and escort service?
    adult classifieds ads, Bangalore Escorts. The largest call girls ...
  26. Sayeed | Aug 15, 2018
    Learn about the digital strategies and capabilities companies need to not only survive the digitization megatrend but also use it to their advantage. Here@ Ninestars
  27. Lyna | Aug 09, 2018
    To get the loan you just need to fill out an online application form and the rest of the things will be done by lending institute.. It is important to remember that these ARE loans, and will need to be repaid in the future, typically repayment beginning following the cessation of attending school.. The applicant must be a citizen of the United Kingdom, as it is important to perform some qualifications and a sound one month of income earned by the applicant, the applicant must have a valid bank account and the loan over 18 years of age must have.. green trust cash payday loans online direct lender | green trust cash no credit check online loans direct lenders | green trust cash loan from indian reservation | green trust cash payday loans direct lenders only | green trust cash bad credit personal loans direct lenders only
  28. pilihan mutlak | Aug 07, 2018
    http://www.cruzroja.es/creforumvolint_en/user/profile/21243.page https://slides.com/suherbal https://kumig.it/herbalisme https://gitlab.pro/herbalisme https://git.hoa.ro/u/herbalisme https://git.liquidbounce.net/herbalisme https://git.chaostreffbern.ch/herbalisme https://git.interior.edu.uy/u/herbalisme https://www.d-logic.net/code/herbalisme https://code.highspec.ru/herbalisme https://git.maxr.org/herbalisme https://git.fosscommunity.in/herbalisme https://git.simon.geek.nz/herbalisme http://updates.voicecode.io/u/herbalisme https://gitlab.sejo-it.be/herbalisme https://git.ziirish.me/herbalisme https://gitlab.rlp.net/herbalisme https://gitlab.lakedrops.com/herbalisme https://gitlab.ctwug.za.net/herbalisme https://gitlab.boincfast.ru/herbalisme https://minka.gob.ec/herbalisme https://gitlab.kwant-project.org/herbalisme https://labs.maarch.org/herbalisme https://labs.maarch.org/herbalisme https://git.ok1kvk.cz/herbalisme https://repo.ip-home.net/herbalisme https://gitlab.onelab.info/herbalisme http://gitlab.psinc.jp/herbalisme https://git.nzoss.org.nz/herbalisme https://gitlab.fipps.de/herbalisme http://heisenberg.csic.edu.uy/herbalisme https://gitlab.olindata.com/herbalisme https://0xacab.org/herbalisme https://git.ffnw.de/herbalisme https://code.swecha.org/herbalisme https://gitlab.sgalinski.de/herbalisme https://git.warp.ly/u/herbalisme https://git.pwmt.org/herbalisme https://gitlab.camlcity.org/herbalisme https://git.skewed.de/herbalisme https://gitlab.petton.fr/herbalisme http://git.afi-sa.net/herbalisme https://git.warp.ly/u/herbalisme https://lab.nexedi.com/u/herbalisme http://www.basenotes.net/members/26246206-batokin https://www.gta5-mods.com/users/batokin https://trackandfieldnews.com/discussion/member.php?141641-barlen https://www.ephotozine.com/user/barlen-319449 https://tapas.io/monaxoz https://nofilmschool.com/user/1387974 https://www.bountysource.com/people/62277-barlensquad http://www.ict.inaf.it/twiki/bin/view/Main/BarlenSquduBoutike https://itsmyurls.com/cikidaw https://fontlibrary.org/en/member/barlen/ http://www.dead.net/member/barlen http://ebusinesspages.com/barlen.user https://www.edocr.com/user/monaxoz http://www.dannychoo.com/en/profile/barlensquad https://app.hiive.co.uk/profile/c27b615b-41ce-4aed-9ed9-e6efd1e8bbc9/#/ http://www.ohmstudio.com/users/cikidaw
  29. kidalnya | Aug 07, 2018
  30. kidaliesme | Aug 07, 2018
  31. gagal paham | Aug 07, 2018
  32. kekeh na | Aug 07, 2018
  33. abadan | Aug 07, 2018
  34. gagah na | Aug 07, 2018
  35. The Queen | Aug 07, 2018
    Wow This post is wonderfull. I realy like it, Admin You always post amzaing things like that. Mzansi Magic
  36. Hilary | Aug 06, 2018
    This loan reduces your monthly installments by lowering the interest rate as well as extending this repayment time or occasionally both.. But the main benefit is that secure loans for personal purposes are of lower interest rate which gets reduced for good credit borrowers.. Carrying the loan out for longer can be very pricey and interfere with event the best planned budget.. no credit check payday loan direct lenders only near me | money lenders online near me | payday loans direct lender no brokers near me | direct lender cash advance near me | direct payday loan no credit check near me
  37. Braelyn | Aug 03, 2018
    During these emergency situations you can either find out how to sell gold for cash or you can opt for a loan from reliable financiers.. Whether you are a good credit scorer or bad credit scorer, you can avail these loans.. Thus, you can decide to pay back the loan in keeping with your repayment ability and paycheque.. green trust cash installment loans for poor credit | green trust cash payday loans direct lenders only | green trust cash no credit check loan direct lender | green trust cash direct lending solutions reviews | green trust cash bad credit direct lenders only
  38. bawell | Aug 03, 2018
  39. asdasd | Jul 30, 2018
    Nilai seratus untuk artikel seperti guys. Jangan lupa kunjungi partner link kami.- Liga Sabung - Liga Sabtu - Liga Malam - Pepsi 77 Bermain Slot berharap kemenangan Jp Big WIN di bandar judi slot games online- Ratukasino - Agen Togel- Omdomino - Poker Bola
  40. Annalise | Jul 30, 2018
    For that reason, your short-term loan authorization happens for few months in order to use funds that you could settle shortly.. This type of loan has its limitations, but also its advantages when used by the right homebuyers.. To bestow best undertaking of Payday Loans With No Teletrack no telecheck, loan companies are available net 24/7.. plain green loans loans for bad credit direct lender | plain green loans small tribal company located in las vegas | plain green loans payday loans that will approve anyone | plain green loans direct tribal lending installment loans | plain green loans no credit check installment loan
  41. Contessa | Jul 20, 2018

    pinoyako-tv | Jul 07, 2018I really like reading through a post that can make people think. Also, many thanks for permitting me to comment!

    <a href="http://pinoychannelsu.com/category/contessa/" rel="dofollow">Contessa</a>

  42. Heidi | Jul 19, 2018
    Also, these loans come at a higher rate of interest as compared to secured loans, but at least there is no collateral that you will have to put on the line.. Helps in securing a large number of loans at a very rapid rate so easily.. You should always strive to stick with the best lenders that are offering the most attractive and flexible loan terms.. hummingbird loans direct lenders installment loans online | hummingbird loans tribal loans | hummingbird loans tribal cash advance lenders | hummingbird loans loan websites for bad credit | hummingbird loans online direct lenders personal loans
  43. yoice | Jul 16, 2018
  44. Sayeed | Jul 10, 2018
  45. asd | Jul 09, 2018
    These are some incredible instruments that i certainly use for SEO work. This is an incredible rundown to use later on..  blackjack siteleri
  46. asd | Jul 09, 2018
    Incredible substance material and extraordinary format. Your site merits the greater part of the positive criticism it's been getting.  rulet siteleri
  47. asd | Jul 08, 2018
    Best work you have done, this online site is truly cool with incredible truths.  bedava bahis bonusu
  48. asd | Jul 08, 2018
    This article gives the light in which we can watch the truth. This is exceptionally decent one and gives indepth data. A debt of gratitude is in order for this decent article.  blackjack siteleri
  49. pinoyako-tv | Jul 07, 2018
    I really like reading through a post that can make people think. Also, many thanks for permitting me to comment!
  50. dramaidea | Jul 07, 2018

    You are so interesting! I don't believe I've truly read through anything like that before. So wonderful to discover another person with a few unique thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is something that is required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!


    Leave a comment

    For Gallantry

    On the 4th August 1916 Sapper William Hackett won the only Victoria Cross ever to be awarded to a military miner.

    “For most conspicuous bravery when entombed with four others in a gallery owing to the explosion of an enemy mine. After working for 20 hours, a hole was made through fallen earth and broken timber, and the outside party was met. Sapper Hackett helped three of the men through the hole and could easily have followed, but refused to leave the fourth, who had been seriously injured, saying," I am a tunneller, I must look after the others first." Meantime, the hole was getting smaller, yet he still refused to leave his injured comrade. Finally, the gallery collapsed, and though the rescue party worked desperately for four days the attempt to reach the two men failed. Sapper Hackett well knowing the nature of sliding earth, the chances against him, deliberately gave his life for his comrade".   The London Gazette, dated 4 August 1916

    William Hacket’s Victoria Cross can be seen from May 2017 at the Royal Engineer’s Museum, Chatham.

    Archive, Royal Engineers Museum

    Back to top

    Hackett VC portrait
    Hackett's VC portrait

    Other Features