Guest features explore engineering-related themes, other features appear at the bottom.

Tropical Medicine and Diseases


Founded in 1899 The London School of Tropical Medicine, as it was originally known, was sited at Albert Dock in East London, as part of the Seamen’s Hospital Society. It moved to central London in the 1920s.

The First World War impacted on the School in several ways:  inevitably student numbers plummeted, and the usual School courses were suspended in 1917, to be replaced by short lecture courses in Tropical Medicine for Army Medical Corps officers, which were well attended.

Some staff joined up, but as experts, they were also required by the War Office to investigate the scourge of tropical diseases that were decimating troops abroad. As the War progressed it was necessary to send soldiers to countries where tropical diseases were virulent. Robert Leiper established the Department of Helminthology in 1905. In 1915 he travelled to Egypt to investigate bilharzia disease among the troops with two other members of School staff, J G Thomson and R P Cockin. With so many male staff away, girls and women were recruited to some traditionally male roles, including the use of lab girls. 

Sir Ronald Ross (1857-1932)

At LSHTM, the archive holds the records of Sir Ronald Ross, discoverer of the mosquito transmission of malaria and the first Briton to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine. He made a significant contribution to the First World War through his research and treatment of soldiers suffering from tropical diseases, primarily malaria and dysentery.

In July 1915 Ross was appointed Consulting Physician on Tropical Diseases and was sent to Alexandria for four months to research disease among the troops. In his report at the end of his service, he states that on visiting seven large hospitals in Alexandria, nearly all medical cases belonged to five groups of diseases usually prevalent in British troops in warm countries: typhoid, jaundice, malaria, dysentery and mixed cases.

Dysentery


Of these, dysentery (an infection of the intestines that causes diarrhoea containing blood and mucus) was the principal cause of sickness in the Mediterranean Expeditionary Forces. Figures from a report show that from 29th August to 9th October 1915 there were 32,528 cases of diarrhoea and dysentery with 231 deaths. 

He found that many of the cases were amoebic dysentery which meant prolonged illness and cases of liver abscesses. Ross instructed that all patients showing dysenteric symptoms at the front be given emetine and this resulted in patients reaching Alexandria in a less critical condition. He also worked with his assistant, David Thomson, on the survival capacities of intestinal amoebae in sun exposed sand.

Malaria

Malaria was a particular problem in Salonika, Mesopotamia, Palestine and East Africa. The casualties from tropical diseases outnumbered those inflicted by the enemy by 30 to 1, and in these places it was a war of germs rather than of guns.

Ross spent much of the war treating servicemen suffering from malaria and also continuing his research into the prevention of the disease both at home and overseas.

LSHTM archive

Back to the top

Other Features

Graph of the incidence of malaria among establishment staff and soldiers at Taranto, Itlay 1917

Graph of the incidence of malaria among establishment staff and soldiers at Taranto, Itlay 1917

by User Not Found | 11 May, 2015

1070 comments

Leave a comment
  1. Anonymus | Jan 21, 2019
    It really is rare to come across a specialist in whom you may have some confidence. In the world in the present day, nobody genuinely cares about showing others the best way in this matter. How fortunate I am to have found a real wonderful blog as this. It’s people like you exactly who make a true difference nowadays through the concepts they write about. alquiler vacacional Tenerife
  2. amelia | Jan 20, 2019
    I'm happy to see the considerable point of interest here!.  Traffic Ivy
  3. ds | Jan 20, 2019
    sdsds
  4. fdfd | Jan 20, 2019
    fdsdff
  5. Study mbbs abroad | Jan 19, 2019

    http://www.admissionworld.in/

    Mbbs abroad 

    Study mbbs abroad

    Mbbs in Russia

    Mbbs in china

    Mbbs in Ukraine

    Cheapest colleges for mbbs

    Cheapest universities for mbbs

    Study abroad consultants

    Education consultant

    top mbbs abroad consultant

    best mbbs abroad consultant 

    best consultant for mbbs abroad

    mbbs abroad consultant 

    Study Abroad 

    MBBS

    MBBS Admission

    Canada Immigration

    Immigration consultants

    Immigration Services

  6. Alex Jacob | Jan 19, 2019
    Get a good scare with all sorts of free horror games! From multiplayer to point and click to pixelated games, we've all the popular and upcoming best horror games online!
  7. Alex Jacob | Jan 19, 2019
    Get a good scare with all sorts of free horror games! From multiplayer to point and click to pixelated games, we've all the popular and upcoming <a href="https://games.lol/horror/">best horror games</a> online!
  8. Alex Jacob | Jan 19, 2019
    aggressive as men when they are driving. They are much less likely to be the instigator in a road rage incident, for example. It is also nodepositbonus24.com
  9. Alex Jacob | Jan 19, 2019
    [url=https://games.lol/horror/]best horror games[/url]
  10. Alex Jacob | Jan 19, 2019
    <a href="https://games.lol/horror/">best horror games</a>
  11. edwardfox | Jan 17, 2019
    I love your wp format, where did you get a hold of it? voyance telephone
  12. Online Assignment Help | Jan 15, 2019
    The professional writers at StudentsAssignmentHelp.com is continue giving amazing  Online Assignment Help services for the students studying in different colleges or universities around the globe. We working with all your queries easily and make you score the best grades ever.
  13. Karishma Singh | Jan 14, 2019
  14. Emanuel Sabrina | Jan 13, 2019
    Exactly, you're very kind of us about comment!. consolidate payday loans
  15. University Assignment Help | Jan 12, 2019

    Do not worry about whatever university you study in, the team of professional experts at StudentsAssignmentHelp.com is giving its amazing University Assignment Help services for all the students. Our team of academic writers will do a fabulous job for the students.


  16. Printable Calendar | Jan 10, 2019

    Printable February 2019 CalendarPrintable Calendar February 2019 March 2019 Monthly CalendarMarch 2019 Printable CalendarApril 2019 Calendar PrintableApril 2019 Printable CalendarApril 2019 Monthly Calendar

    https://onlinetimetable123.blogspot.com/ https://sites.google.com/view/freehappyholidays/homehttps://nationalsportday.jimdofree.com/https://freeholidaylist.weebly.com/

  17. Anonymus | Jan 09, 2019
    I gotta  favorite this  site it seems  very beneficial . 오션파라다이스다운
  18. Roben | Jan 08, 2019
    we are providing intraday tips for indian stock market intraday traders. stock future tips
  19. ضد سرقت | Jan 06, 2019
     در این گونه موارد نه تنها ضخامت لایه‌های فولادی در دو طرف درب ضد سرقت  به دو میلی‌متر و جمعا چهار میلی‌متر افزایش می‌یابند بلکه لایه میانی نیز از طریق ایجاد شبکه مستحکم فولادی به همراه تزریق مواد ویژه ضد برش، ضد مته، ضد اسید و ضد تخریب در میان درب ضد سرقت تقویت گردیده است.برگرفته از سایت - referenceضد سرقت
  20. Anonymus | Jan 05, 2019
    Outstanding post, I  conceive people  should  larn  a lot from this  weblog  its very   user friendly . circle lenses
  21. radha rani | Jan 03, 2019
    the birth anniversary of ‘Shri Radha Rani’, the consort of Lord Krishna. She is known to be an ‘avatar’ of Goddess Lakshmi. To know more visit here It's a What happened to radha after krishna leftIt's a Adhya radha krishna It's a Radha ji ka vivah It's a Radha husband ayan It's a What happened to radha after krishna left her It's a Radha Rani It's a radha krishna vivah It's a radha was elder to krishna
  22. mahabharat ka youdh | Jan 03, 2019
    The Mahabharata is an ancient Indian epic where the main story revolves around two branches of a family - the Pandavas and Kauravas - who, in the Kurukshetra War, battle for the throne of Hastinapura.Mahabharat Ka Youdhmahabharat kisne likhimahabharat kisne likha thadharmadeva in mahabharatmahabharat kisne likhi thisupriya mahabharatadharmdev in mahabharatvrishaali vyasmahabharat ka yudh kaha hua thamahabharat kisne likhi haidraupadi jealous of subhadrabhanumathi mahabharat
  23. shiv mantra | Jan 03, 2019
    It is believed that Lord Shiva can be appeased easily. Chanting Mantras dedicated to Lord Shiva helps us overcome troubles. There are Shiva Mantras, which are chanted for the removal of sorrow, diseases and troubles from life.Shiv Mantrashiv mantra in hindiShiv shankarwhat is shiv mantrahow to worship lord shivawhat is shiv gayatri mantra
  24. shiva panchakshari mantra | Jan 03, 2019
    Shiva Panchakshari mantra is a universal mantra dedicated to Lord Shiva composed of five syllables or sounds and hence the name Panchakshari. Panchakshari mantra is a highly powerful chant since it corresponds to the supreme reality and not just to a form of god.Shiva panchakshari mantraLord shiva mantraShiv mantraNagendra haraya trilochanayaPanchakshari mantraHow to become powerful by mantrasWhich mantras is powerful?How many names does Lord Shiva have?
  25. gopi | Jan 03, 2019
    In Hinduism especially the name gopika (feminine form of gopi) is used more commonly to refer to the group of cowherding girls famous within Vaishnavism for their unconditional devotion (Bhakti) to Krishna as described in the Bhagavata Purana and other Puranic literature.gopiWho and what is gopi?Are gopikas Krishna’s girlfriends?What is the importance of Gopi Geet?Gopi GeetWhy is Lord Krishna linked to so many “Gopies”Uddhav aur gopi samvaad kya hai?
  26. Candycane | Jan 02, 2019

    You are totally proof so charming or understanding in our business. Thanks for this apportionment to this post here!

    have a peek at this web-siteSource have a peek hereCheck This Outthis contact formnavigate herehis comment is hereweblink check over herethis contenthave a peek at these guyscheck my blognews More about the authorclick sitenavigate to this websitemy review hereget redirected hereuseful referencethis pageGet More Infosee herethis websitegreat post to readmy companyimp sourcefind more infosee it hereHomepage a fantastic readfind thisBonuses read this articleclick here nowbrowse this sitecheck hereoriginal sitemy responsepop over to these guysmy sitedig thisi thought about thischeck this link right here nowhis explanationwhy not try these outmore info hereofficial sitelook at this sitecheck it outvisit click for more infocheck these guys outview publisher siteGet More Informationyou can try this outsee thislearn this here nowdirectory why not find out morenavigate to these guyssee this herecheck my siteanchor other additional hintslook at this web-sitetheir explanationinternet find moreRead More Herehere Visit Websitehop over to this websiteclick her latest blogThis Siteread reviewtry hereClicking Herepage read this post hereMore Bonusesrecommended you readgo to this web-sitethis check thatGo HereMore hintsyou could check hereContinued More Helptry thisyou could try herewebsite hereuseful sourceread the full info hereDiscover Moreclick resourcesover herelike thisLearn Moresite webnavigate to this web-sitepop over to this websiteGet the factsour websitegreat sitetry this outvisit the websiteyou could look herecontent go to this sitewebsite linkread thisofficial statementreference check out the post right hereadditional infomy linkadditional readingimportant sourceyou can check herethis linksee postnext click referencevisit sitelook heretry this web-siteGoing Hereclick to readcheck this site outgo to websiteyou can look hereread moremore explanation use this linka knockout postbest siteblog hereher explanationdiscover this info herehe has a good pointcheck my sourcestraight from the sourceanonymous go to my bloghop over to these guysfind herearticle click to investigatelook at here nowhere are the findingsview click to find out moreimportant siteclick here to investigatebrowse around this siteclick for morewhy not try hereimportant linkaddress hop over to this web-sitemy websitebrowse around hereRecommended SiteYour Domain NameWeb Siteclick this sitehop over to this sitei was reading thisclick here to readread herei loved thismy blogclick nowyou can try these outinformative posttop articleuseful siteclick this over here nowmoved hereresource

  27. sirking79 | Dec 31, 2018
    I am curious to find out what blog platform you have been working with? I’m having some small security problems with my latest blog and I’d like to find something more secure. Do you have any suggestions? Cheap Bundles
  28. sirking79 | Dec 31, 2018
    i am always looking for some free stuffs over the internet. there are also some companies which gives free samples. Hawkwind
  29. robinjack | Dec 29, 2018
    Mmm.. magnificent to be here in your article or post, whatever, I figure I ought to besides secure for my own specific site like I see some exceptional and fortified working in your site.  토토사이트
  30. (optional) | Dec 29, 2018
  31. sirking79 | Dec 28, 2018
    Merely  a smiling  visitant here to share the love (:, btw  outstanding  style. Cheap Phone Sex
  32. jeme | Dec 28, 2018
    Brilliant represented data. I thank you about that. Doubtlessly it will be extremely valuable for my future tasks.http://www.g-unleashed.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=34097, http://www.onfeetnation.com/profiles/blogs/drug-to-fight-worms, https://shortest.activeboard.com/t65185962/drug-to-fight-worms/?page=last#lastPostAnchor, http://www.globalnetinfo.com/index.php/forum/thread/50693.html, https://woodenhaptics.org/fluxbb-1.5.7/viewtopic.php?pid=747636#p747636, https://dracos-linux.org/forum/viewtopic.php?pid=3165#p3165, http://www.jijisweet.com/forum/topics/drug-to-fight-worms, http://metrolook.com/all-other-services/drug-to-fight-worms.html, https://www.mapplumber.com/forums/topic/drug-to-fight-worms/, https://nolamotor.com/NOLAforum/showthread.php?tid=8815, http://clan.hupshup.com/blogs/post/19189, http://forum.mmosite.com/thread/2/2/20181228/drug_to_fight_worms-5c25f9ab61ef6aa13-1.html, https://www.funadvice.com/blog/we-have-a-cottage-two-dogs-and-three-cats-children-play-in-the-sand-all, https://exchangecurrencyzone.com/threads/drug-to-fight-worms.276792/, http://www.educatedearth.net/myearth/forum/viewtopic.php?f=11&t=68702, https://p-tweets.com/viewupdate.php?id=53049, http://www.alivelyrics.com/forum/read.php?3,148261, https://crystal-towers.com.ua/forum/index.php?topic=362460.0, https://forumpoker.net/Thread-drug-to-fight-worms, https://www.firstccw.org/mod/forum/view-thread.php?forum_id=1&thread_id=11471, http://www.g-unleashed.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=34057, http://my.spruz.com/profile/jameslee/, http://metrolook.com/all-other-services/ketone-diet-is-a-low-carbohydrate.html, http://www.onfeetnation.com/profiles/blogs/ketone-diet-is-a-low-carbohydrate-diet, https://shortest.activeboard.com/t65185702/ketone-diet-is-a-low-carbohydrate-diet/?page=last#lastPostAnchor, http://www.globalnetinfo.com/index.php/forum/thread/50687.html, https://woodenhaptics.org/fluxbb-1.5.7/viewtopic.php?pid=747361#p747361, https://dracos-linux.org/forum/viewtopic.php?pid=3164#p3164, http://www.jijisweet.com/forum/topics/ketone-diet-is-a-low-carbohydrate-diet, https://www.mapplumber.com/forums/topic/ketone-diet-is-a-low-carbohydrate-diet/, https://nolamotor.com/NOLAforum/showthread.php?tid=8804, http://clan.hupshup.com/blogs/post/19147, http://forum.mmosite.com/thread/2/2/20181227/ketone_diet_is_a_low_carbohydrate_diet-5c25d027ecadc0c13-1.html, https://www.funadvice.com/blog/keto-or-ketone-diet-is-a-low-carbohydrate-diet-which-can-help-to-burn-fa, https://exchangecurrencyzone.com/threads/ketone-diet-is-a-low-carbohydrate-diet.276790/, http://www.educatedearth.net/myearth/forum/viewtopic.php?f=11&t=68681, https://p-tweets.com/viewupdate.php?id=53049, http://www.alivelyrics.com/forum/read.php?3,148250, https://crystal-towers.com.ua/forum/index.php?topic=362445.0, https://forumpoker.net/Thread-ketone-diet-is-a-low-carbohydrate-diet, http://forum.bbgsite.com/thread/2/2/20181227/ketone_diet_is_a_low_carbohydrate_diet-5c25d023856c4e713-1.html
  33. Bill caster | Dec 27, 2018
    The word ‘effect’ implies of a greater action than ‘affect’. Thus, when you use affect or effect, the whole meaning of the sentence is dependent on that particular word.
  34. get here | Dec 26, 2018

    get here

    Looking to download Zombie Tsunami Mod APK for unlimited diamonds, gems and coins? download the latest version Zombie Tsunami hack apk to crack ... get here

  35. ahmad | Dec 22, 2018
    http://saftysign.ir/Shop-signs
    http://saftysign.ir/Price-Chalnium-board
    http://saftysign.ir/Cheap-solar-panel
    http://saftysign.ir/Familiar-with-a-variety-of-billboards
    http://saftysign.ir/What-is-lightbox
    http://saftysign.ir/What-is-a-chelnyum-board
    http://saftysign.ir/Effect-of-billboards-on-earnings
    http://saftysign.ir/Psychology-of-colors-in-advertising
    http://saftysign.ir/generation-of-storefronts
    http://saftysign.ir/About-Chelnyum-and-Chelny's-Signature
    http://saftysign.ir/types-letters-billboards
    http://www.saftysign.ir/thermo-panel
    http://saftysign.ir/contact-shop-business
    http://saftysign.ir/plastic-neon-panel
    http://saftysign.ir/The-impact-of-plexiglas-on-the-chlinnium-panel-and-the-cost-of-the-chlinnium-panel
    http://saftysign.ir/flexi-board
    http://saftysign.ir/types-letters-billboards
    http://saftysign.ir/advertising-television
    http://saftysign.ir/contact-shop-business
    http://saftysign.ir/flood-of-advertising

  36. ali sadeghi | Dec 22, 2018

    [url=http://saftysign.ir/billboard-advertising] ساخت بيلبورد [/url]
  37. ali sadeghi | Dec 22, 2018
    <a href="http://saftysign.ir/billboard-advertising"> بيلبورد چيست </a>
  38. Anonymus | Dec 20, 2018
    Thank you for submitting this article.  This is information I have been looking for.   I’ve been hoping to find clear and concise content like yours.  Your unique points helped me think about this information differently. small business website design
  39. Alexzander Kaitlynn | Dec 20, 2018
    I might want to say this web journal truly persuaded me to do it! Much appreciated, great post.  Bergvärmepump
  40. sirking79 | Dec 20, 2018
    Hey what a brilliant post I have come across and believe me I have been searching out for this similar kind of post for past a week and hardly came across this. Thank you very much and will look for more postings from you. 오션파라다이스 동영상
  41. john | Dec 19, 2018
    From healthy diet plans to helpful weight loss tools, here you'll find WebMD's latest diet news and information.workoutwithgeoff.com, Eco Slim, Motion Free, Wonder Cells, Chocolate Slim, Intoxic, Goji Cream, Bliss Hair, Bactefort, Dietonus, Varicobooster
  42. sirking79 | Dec 18, 2018
    I wish I could write such articles, I can then increase traffic to your website. Please some tips on how to do it if it is a long phase process? ETO Doors
  43. آسانسور پیروز پرواز | Dec 18, 2018
  44. آسانسور پیروز پرواز | Dec 18, 2018
    <a href="http://piroozparvaz.ir/%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%84-%D8%A2%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%B1/">ریل آسانسور</a>&nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="http://piroozparvaz.ir/%D8%AA%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%AE%D9%88%D8%B1%D8%AF%DA%AF%DB%8C-%D8%A2%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%B1/">سرخوردگی آسانسور</a>&nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="http://piroozparvaz.ir/%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%81%DB%8C-%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%B2-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D9%85%D9%86%DB%8C-%D8%A2%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B3%D9%88%D8%B1-%D9%BE%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B4%D9%88%D8%AA/">ترمز ایمنی آسانسور</a>
  45. Calendario Space | Dec 18, 2018
  46. Calendario | Dec 18, 2018
    Thanks for your post! I think there are many other people who are interested in them just like me! How long does it take to complete this article? I have read through other blogs, but they are cumbersome and confusing. I hope you continue to have such quality articles to share!https://calendario.space/kalender-januar-2019/https://calendario.space/calendario-enero-2019/https://calendario.space/calendario-janeiro-2019/https://calendario.space/calendrier-janvier-2019/
  47. laughing buddha | Dec 17, 2018
    The Laughing Buddha is cherished all over the world. He is found in homes, restaurants, places of business and so on. The Laughing Buddha is the Buddha of abundance and happiness.laughing buddha vastu shastralaughing buddha
  48. Sonam Clark | Dec 17, 2018
  49. djjdjdj | Dec 15, 2018
  50. sirking79 | Dec 14, 2018
    Very good written article. It will be supportive to anyone who utilizes it, including me. Keep doing what you are doing – can’r wait to read more posts. Sub-Zero Refrigerator Repair Buena Park

    Leave a comment